Old and New Edinburgh

Old and New Edinburgh

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William Chambers of Glenormiston (April 16, 1800 - May 20, 1883) was a Scottish publisher and politician, the brother of Robert Chambers.

He was born in Peebles and came to Edinburgh in 1814 to work in the bookselling trade. He opened his own shop in 1819 and branched out into printing. With his younger brother, Robert, he produced books of Scottish interest, such as Gazetteer of Scotland. Their publishing business prospered, and in 1859 - the year in which Chambers's Encyclopaedia saw the light - he founded a museum and art gallery in Peebles.

As Lord Provost of Edinburgh from 1865 to 1869, he was responsible for the restoration of St Giles Cathedral.
chambers dictionary

... Chambers of Glenormiston (April 16, 1800 - May 20, 1883) was a Scottish publisher and politician, the ...

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ROBERT S. CANDLISH, D.D.
... S. CANDLISH, ...

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SIR ROBERT CHRISTISON. ... ROBERT ...

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CONTENTS. ix
CHAPTER XLVII.
MOULTRAY'S HILL-HER MAJESTY'S GENERAL REGISTER HOUSE. PAGE
The Moultrays of that Ilk-Village of Moultray's Hill-The Chapel of St. Ninian-St James's Square-Bunker's Hill-Mr. Dundas-Rob&
Bums's House-State of the Scottish Recdrds-Indifference of the Government in 174a-The Register House built-Its Objects and
Size<urious Documents preserved in this House-The Ofice of Lord Clerk Register-The Secretary's Register-The Register of
Sashes-The Lyon King of Arms-Sir David Lindesay-Si James Balfour-Si Alexander Erskine-New Register HoustGreat and
privy Seals of Scotland-The Wellington Statue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364
CHAPTER XLVIII.
THE S O U T H B R I D G E .
Marlii's Wynd-Legend of the Pavior-Peebles Wynd-The Bridge Founded-Price of Sites-Laing's Book Shop-The Assay Office and
Goldsmith's Hall-Mode of Marking the Plate-The Corporation, and old Acts concerning it-Hunter's SquarGMerchant Company's
Hall-The Company's Charter-"The Stock of Broom"-Their Monopoly and Progress-The Great Schools of the Merchant
Company-The Chamber .of Commerce-Adam Square-Adam's Houses-Dr. Andrew Duncan-Leonard Homer and the Watt
Institution-Its Progress and Vitality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
CHAPTER XLIX.
THE PLEASANCE 'AND ST. LEONARDS.
The Convent of St. Mary-Friends' Burial PlactOld Chirurgeon's Hall-Surgeon's Square-" Hamilton's Folly "-The Gibbet-Chapel
and Hospital of St. Leonard-Davie Deans' Cottage-The .. IMOCCnt Railway "-First Public Dispensary . . . . . . 382
KEYS OF THE CITY OF EDINBURGH. ... ix CHAPTER XLVII. MOULTRAY'S HILL-HER MAJESTY'S GENERAL REGISTER HOUSE. PAGE The Moultrays of that ...

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so OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [North Loch.
THE garden wherein St. David budded trees and
cultivated such fruits and flowers as were then
known in Britain is a place of flowers and shrubs
again, save where it is intersected by the prosaic
railway or the transverse Earthen Mound; but
those who see the valley now may find it difficult
to realise, that for 300 years it was an impassable
lake, formed for the defence of the city on the
north, when the wall of 1450 was built ; but the
well that fed it is flowing still, as when David
referred to it in his Holyrood charter. Fed by it
and other springs, the loch was retained by a dam
and sluice at the foot of Halkerston's Wynd-the
dam being a passable footway from the city to the
northern fields.
In the royal gardens a tournament was held in
1394 by order of Annabel Drummond, queen of
Robert III., at which, according to Bower, the
continuator of Fordun, her eldest son, David, Duke
HOLPROOI) PALACE, WEST FRONT.
of Rothesay, the same prince who penshed so
miserably at Falkland, presided when in his
twentieth year.
In 1538, prior to committing the effigy of St.
Giles to the flames, the Reformers ducked it in
the loch-it being the legal place for sousing all
offenders against the seventh commandment.
In 1562 the Town Council enacted that all
persons of loose life should be ducked in a certain
part of the loch, wherein a pillar and basin were
formed for the purpose; but this not having the
desired effect, all such persons were ordered to be
committed, without distinction, to the iron room of
the Tolbooth, to be kept therein for a month on
tread and water, and to be then whipped out of
the city at a cart's tail. The deacon of the fleshers
having fallen under this law, the crafts, deeming it
an indignity to their order, assembled in arms,
broke open the prison, and released him.
C H A P T E R X I I .
THE MOUND.
The North Loch used for Sousings and Duckings-The Boats, Swans, Ducks, and Eels-Accidents in the Loch--Last Appearance of the Loch
-Formation of the Mound-" Gcordie Boyd's Mud Brig"-The Rotunda--Royal Irrstitution-Board of Manufactures-History of the Baard
-The Equivalent Money-% J. Shaw Lefevre's Report-School of Design-Gallery of Sculpture--Royal Society of Edinburgh-Museum
of Antiquiua. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [North Loch. THE garden wherein St. David budded trees and cultivated such fruits and ...

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lies directly at the south-eastern base of Arthur's
Seat, and has long'been one of the daily postal
districts of the city.
Overhung by the green slopes and grey rocks ok
Arthur's Seat, and shut out by its mountainous
mass from every view of the crowded city at its
further base in Duddingston, says a statist, writing
in 1851, a spectator feels himself sequestered from
the busy scenes which he knows to' be in his
immediate vicinity, as he hears their distant hum
upon the passing breezes by the Willow Brae on
the east, or the gorge of the Windy Goule on the
south; and he looks southward and west over a
glorious panorama of beautiful villas, towering ,
'
From the style of the church and the structure of
its arches, it is supposed to date from the epoch of
the introduction of Saxon architecture. A semicircular
arch of great beauty divides the choir from
the chancel, and a Saxon doorway, with fantastic
heads and zig-zag mbuldings, still remains in the
southern face of the tower. The entrance-gate to
its deep, grassy, and sequestered little buryingground,
is still furnished with the antique chain and
collar of durance, the terror of evildoers, named
the jougs, and a time-worn Zouping-on-stone, for the
use of old or obese horsemen.
Some interesting tombs are to be found in the
burying-ground ; among these are the marble obelisk
castles, rich coppice,
hill and valley, magnificent
in semi-tint, in
light and shadow, till
the Pentlands, or the
1 on e 1 y Lam m er m u i r
ranges, close the distance.
The name of this
hamlet and parish has
been a vexed subject
amongst antiquaries,
but as a surname it is
not unknown in Scotland
: thus, among the
missing charters of
Robert Bruce, there is
one to John Dudingstoun
of the lands of
Pitcorthie, in Fife; and
among the gentlemen
GATEWAY OF DUDDINGSTON CHURCH, SHOWING TIIE
JOUCS AND LOUPING-ON-STONE.
slain at Flodden in I 5 I 3
there was Stephen Duddingston of Kildinington,
also in Fife. Besides, there is another place of the
same name in Linlithgowshire, the patrimony of the
Dundases.
The ancient church, with a square tower at its
western end, occupies a green and rocky peninsula
that juts into the clear and calm blue loch. It is
an edifice of great antiquity, and belonged of old
to the Tyronensian Monks of Kelso, who possessed
it, together with the lands of Eastern and Western
Duddingston ; the chartulary of that abbey does not
say from whom they acquired these possessions, but
most probably it was from David I.
Herbert, first abbot of Kelso, a man of great
learning and talent, chamberiain of the kingdom
under Alexander I. and David I., in 1128, granted
the lands of Eastern and Western Duddingston to
Reginald de Bosco for an annual rent of ten marks,
to be paid by him and his heirs for ever.
erected to the memory
of Patrick Haldane of
Gleneagles by his unfortunate
grandson, whose
fate is also recorded
thereon; and that of
James Browne, LLD.,
Advocate, the historian
of the Highlands and
Highland clans, in the
tower of the church.
In the register of
assignations for the
minister's stipends in
the year 1574, presented
in MS. by
Bishop Keith to the
Advocates' Library,
Duddingston is said to
have been a joint dependence
with the
Castle of Edinburgh
upon the Abbey of Holyrood. The old records
of the Kirk Session are only of the year 1631, and
in the preceding year the lands of Prestonfield
were disjoined from the kirk and parish of St.
Cuthbert, and annexed to those of Duddingston.
On the r8th'of May, 1631, an aisle was added
to the church for the use of the Laird of Prestonfield,
his tenants and servants.
David Malcolme, minister here before I 741,
was an eminent linguist in his time, whose writings
were commended by Pinkerton, and quoted with
respect by Gebelin in his Monde Plillit$ and
Bullet in his Mkmoirrs Celtiques; but the church is
chiefly famous for the incumbency of the Rev. John
Thomson, a highly distinguished landscape painter,
who from his early boyhood exhibited a strong
predilection for art, and after being a pupil of
Alexander Nasmyth, became an honorary member
of the Royal Scottish Academy. He became ... directly at the south-eastern base of Arthur's Seat, and has long'been one of the daily postal districts of ...

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CONTENTS.
PAGE
INTROEUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J
CHAPTER I.
P R E H I S T O R I C EDINBURGH.
The Site before the Houses-Traces of Early Inhabitants-The Caledonian Tribes-Agricola's Invasion-Subjection of the Scottish Lowlands
-The Rorrao Way-Edinburgh never occupied permanently-Various Roman Remains : Urns, Coins, Busts ; Swords, Spears, ahd
other Weapons-Ancient Coffins-The Camus, or Cath-st,neOrigin of the name " Edinburgh"-Dinas-Eiddyn-The Battle of Catraeth 9
CHAPTER 11.
THE CASTLE OF EDINBURGH.
Of its Origin and remoter History-The Legends concerning it-Ebranke-St. Monena-Def& of the Sawons by King Bridei-King
Edwin-King Grime-The Story of Grime and Bertha of Badlieu-The Starting paint of authentic Edinburgh History-Sr Margaret
-Het Piety and amiable Disposition-Her Chapel-Her Death-Restoration of her Oratory-Her Burial-Donald Bane-King
David 1.-The Royal Gardens, afterwards the Nonh Loch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I4
CHAPTER 111.
CASTLE OF EDINBURGH (continued).
The Legend of the White Hart-Holyrocd Abbey founded--The Monks of the Castrum Puellarum-David I.% numerous Endowments-His
Death-Fergus. Lord of Galloway, dies there-William the Lion-Castle Garrisoned by the English for Twelve Yean-The Castle a
Royal Residence-The War of the Scottish Succession-The ( h t l e in the hands of Edward 1.-Frank's Escalade-The Lbrtres
Dismantled-Again in the hands of the English-Bullock's Stratagem for its Re-caprurr-David's Tower . . . . . . 21
CHAPTER IV.
CASTLE OF EDINBURGH (confinucd).
Progress of the City-Ambassidor of Charles VI.-Edinburgh burned-Henry IV, baffled-Albmy's Prophecy-Laws lrgvdiog the Building
- of Houses-Sumptuary Laws, 1457-Murder of James I.-Coronationof JarncsI1.-Court Intrigues-Lard Chancellor C r i c h t o n - ~ g ~ c e
of the Earl of Douglas-Faction WaR--l'he Castle Resieged--"The Black Dinner"-Edmburgh Walled-Its Strength -Bale-fires . 26
CHAPTER V.
EDINBURGH CASTLE (continued).
James 111. and his haughty Nobilib-Plots of the Duke of Albany and Earl of Mar-Mysterious Death of Mar-Capture and Escape of the
Duke of Altuny-Captivity of James 111.-Richard of Gloucester at Edinburgh-The "Golden Charter" of the City-"The Blue
Blanket"-Accession of James 1V.-Tournamen%" The Seven Sisters of Bothwick "-The " Fldden Wall"-The Reign of Jarnes V.
-" Cleahse the Causeway !"-Edinburgh under the Factions of Nobles-Hertford Attacks the CastltDeath of Mary of Guise-
Queen Mary's Apartments in the CaStle-BLth of James VI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
CHAPTER VI.
EDINBURGH CASTLE (continued).
The Siege of r573-The City Bombarded from the Castle-Elizabeth's Spy-D~ry's Dispositions for the Siege-Execution of Kirkddy-
Repar of the Ruins-Execution of Mortan-Visit of Charles 1.-Procession to Holymod-Comnation of Charles 1.-The Struggle
against Epiico-Siege of 1640-The Spectre Drummn-Besieged by Cmmwell-Under the Protector-The Restantion-The
Argyles-The Accession of James VI1.-Sentence of the Earl of Argyle-His. clever Escape-Imprisoned lour yms later-The Last
Sleep of ArgylcHis Death-Tolture of Covenaoters-Proclamation of W d l i and Maq-The Siege of 16@-Intewiew between
Gordon and Dundee-The Cas le invested-Rdiant Defeuce-Capitulation of the Duke of Cordon-The Spectre of Claverhouse . 47 ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J CHAPTER I. P R E H I S T O R ...

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CON TENTS. V
CHAPTER XIII.
THE DISTRICT OF RESTALRIG.
PAGE
Abbey Hill-Baron Norton-Alex. Campbell and 'I Albjm's Anthology "--Comely Gardens-Easter Road-St. Margaret's Wellxhurch
and Legend of St. Tnduana-Made Collegiate bv James 111.-The Mausoleum-Old Barons of Restalrig-The Logans, &c-
Conflict of Black Saturday-Residents of Note-First Balloon in Britain-Rector Adams-The Nisbeb of Craigantinnie and Dean
-The Millers-The Craixantinnie Tomb and Marbles-The Marionville Tragedy-The Hamlet of Jock's Lodge-Mail-bag Robberies
in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries-Piemhill House and Barracks. . . . . . . . . . . . . I 27
CHAPTER XIV.
PORTOBELLO.
Portobell~The Site before the Houses-The Figgate Muir--ctone Coffiqs-A Meeting with Cramwell-A Curious Race-Portobello Hut-
Robbers-William Jamieson's Feuing-Sir W. Scott and "The Lay "-Portobello Tower-Review of Yeomanry and Highlanders-
Hugh Miller-David Lamg-Joppa-Magdalene Bridge-Rrunstane House . . . . . . . . . . . . I43
CHAPTER XV.
LEITH WALK.
A Pathway in the 15th Century probable-Genera1 Leslie's Trenches-Repulse of Cramwell-The Rood Chapel-Old Leith Stazes-Propsal
for Lighting the Walk-The Gallow Lea-Executions there-The Minister of Spott- Five Witches-Five Covenanters-The Story of
their Skulls-The Murder of Lady Baillie-The Effigies of "Johnnie Wilkes" . . . . . . . . , . . 150
CHAPTER XVI.
LEITH WALK (conchfed).
East Side-Captain Haldane of the Tabernacle-New Road to Haddington -Windsor Street-Mrs H. Siddons -Lovers' Loan-Greenside
House-Andrew Macdonald. the Author of" Vimonda "-West Side-Sir J. Whiteford of that Ilk-Gayfield House-Colonel Crichton
--Prince Leopold-Lady Maxwell-Lady Nairne-SFr;ngfield-McCulloch of Ardwell and Samuel Foote . . . . . ' 157
CHAPTER XVII.
LEITH-HISTORICAL SURVEY.
Origin of the Name-Boundaries of South and North Leith-Links of North Leith-The Town frrst mentioned in History--King Robert's
Charter-Superiority of the Logans and Magistrates of Edinburgh-Abbot Ballantyne's Bridge and Chapel-Newhaven given to
Edinburgh by Jam- 1V.-The Port of 153c-The Town Burned by the English . . . . , . . . . . - . 164
CHAPTER XVIII.
LEITH-HISTORICAL SURVEY (continued).
The Great Siege-Arrival of the French-The Fortifications-Re-capture of Inchkeith-The Town Invested-Arrival of the English Fleet
and Army-Skirmishes-Opening of the BatteriesFailure of the Great Assault-Queen Regent's Death-Treaty of Peace-Relics of
thesiege . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .r7o
CHAPTER XIX.
LEITH-HISTORICAL SURVEY (catinued).
rhc Fortifications demolished-Landing of Queen Mary-Leith Mortgaged-Edinburgh takes Military Pasession of it-A Convention-A
Plague-James VI. Departs and Returns -Witches-Cowrie Con%pkacy-The Union Jack-Pirates-Taylor the Water Poet-
A Fight in the Harbour-Death of Jamer VI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , 178 ... TENTS. V CHAPTER XIII. THE DISTRICT OF RESTALRIG. PAGE Abbey Hill-Baron Norton-Alex. Campbell and 'I ...

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Leith.] THE KING'S WARK. 237
~
Arnot adds. It was to keep one of the cellars in
the King's Wark in repair, for holding wines and
other provisions for the king's use.
This Bernard Lindsay it was whom Taylor
mentions in his '' Penniless Pilgrimage " as having
Moreover, the King's Wark was placed most
advantageously at the mouth of the harbour, to
serve as -a defence against any enemy who might
approach it from the seaward. It thus partook
somewhat of the character of a citadel; and this
BERNARD STREET.
given him so warm a welcome at Leith in
1618.
That some funds were derivable from the King's
Wark to the Crown is proved by the frequent
payments with which it was burdened by several
of our monarchs. Thus, in the year 1477 James
111. granted out of it a perpetual annuity of twelve
marks Scots, for support of a chaplain to officiate
at the altar of c'the upper chapel in the collegiate
church of the Blessed Virgin Mary at
Restalrig."
seems to have been implied by the infeftment
granted by Queen Mary in 1564 to John Chisho!ia,
Master or Comptroller of the Royal Artillery,
who would appear to have repaired the buildings
which, no doubt, shared in the general conflagrations
that signalised the English invasions of 1544
and 1547. and the queen, on the completion
of his work, thus confirms her grant to the
comptroller :-
U Efter Her Heinis lauchful age, and revocation
made in parIiament, hir majestie sett in feu farme ... THE KING'S WARK. 237 ~ Arnot adds. It was to keep one of the cellars in the King's Wark in repair, for ...

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OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH.
Scotland. But it does not appear that any of
this family ever sat in Parliament. The title is
supposed to be extinct, though a claim was advanced
to it recently.
The parish church is cruciform, and was erected
Cromwell, as a commissioner for forfeited estates,
in 1654.
In 1795 there was interred here William Davidson,
of Muirhouse, who died in his 8Ist year, and
was long known as one of the most eminent of
OLD CRAMOND BRIG.
in 1656, and is in the plain and tasteless style of
the period. On the north side of it is a mural
tamb, inscribed-" HERE LYES THE BODY OF SIR
JAMES HOPE, OF HOPETOW, WHO DECEASED ANNO
1661." It bears his arms and likeness, cut in bold
relief. He was the fourth son of Sir Thomas
Hope, of Craighall, was a famous alchemist in his
time, and the first who brought the art of mining to
any perfection in Scotland. He was a senator of
the College of Justice, and was in league with
Scottish merchants at Rotterdam, where he amassed
a fortune, and purchased the barony of Muirhouse
in 1776.
Among the many fine mansions here perhaps
the most prominent is the modem oiie of Barnton,
erected on the site of an old fortalice, and on rising
ground, amid a magnificently-wooded park 400
acres in extent, Barnton House was of old called
Crainond Re@, as it was once a royal hunting
seat, and in a charter of Muirhouse, granted by ... AND NEW EDINBURGH. Scotland. But it does not appear that any of this family ever sat in Parliament. The title ...

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GENERAL INDEX. 371
Black Watch, 11. 89, 138, 149, 179.
Black Wigs ClLb, 111. 123
Blackwood, Hnilie, 111. 15
Blackwood, William, I. 157, 291,
11. 139, 141, 142 ; the saloon in
his establinhment, 11. * 141 ; his
rrsidence, 111. 50
BfacA-wood's Mapasiw, 1. 339, 11.
322, 111. 195 288
23; ;Fa# ;2; ;7;g; 1.g WirZtors
11.140 IIP. 74
Blair,' Sir Jdmes Hunter, Lord
Provost, I. 179, 373, 376, 11. 283,
111. 89
Blair of Avontoun. Lord President.
236, 2 , II:27, 29, 120, 161, 271,
Blair Street, I. 245, 376, 11. 231,
Blarquhan Laird of 111. 36
BIair's Cl&, I. 65. & 11. 329 ;the
Duke of Gordon's house, 1. *p
Blairs of Balthayock, Tom-house
ofthe 11. 139
Blanc, kippolyte J., architect, 111.
38
Bland, the comedian, I. 342, 343
Blaw Wearie 111. 305
Bkis-sifwr, ?he gratuity, 11. 290,
383, 119. 45, 1 3 6 ~ 2 ~
Zj8,III. I
291
Blew Stone The I. 79
Blind Schdl, Cdigmillar, 11. 336
Blockhouse of St. Anthony. Leith.
111. 222, "23
J'Blue Blanket," The, I. 34, '36,
43, 11. 262, 278, 111. 55
Blumenreich, Herr, 111.88
Blyth's Close, 1. ga, 111. 66
Bmk's Land, West Port, I. 224
Boar Club The 111. IW
Board of Manuiactnres, 11. 8 3 4 6 ,
Body-snatchers Early 11. 1.w
B o ~ l l y , R o d n ci& near, 111.
Bo%l?yTower 111. 326 "328
Bonham, Sir Galter. II.'57
Bonkel Sir Edward I. 304
Bonnet'birds' club', 111.123
Bonnet-makers The 11. 265
Bonnington, n&r Le'ith, 11.~5,III.
W. ,306 ; view in, 111. * 96
Bonntngton House, 111. 88, 91,
*93, 147
Bonnington Mill, 111. 90, 247
Bonniugton Road, l I I . 8 8 , 1 2 8 , 1 ~ ,
Bonnington Sugar-refining Com-
Bonnyhaugh 111.90 gr
Bordeaux, &c de,Hr Holyrood,
Boreland homas the pcssessor of
the k&g$ stable, 11. 225; his
house I. * 80 1I.a25,n6
Bore-s&e or hare-stone, The, I.
326, 111. 28
Bomwlaski, ;he '8o?i;h dwarf, 11.
166.167
Borthwick, Lord, I. 40, 262, 11.383,
Borthwick, Jam- 11. 383
Borthwick's Close, I. 190, 211, 242
BosweIl, Sir Alexander, 1.173.182,
88, 92, 186
'7'1 '84
pany, Leith, 111. 91. 236
11. 78, 7%
Ill. 348
2x39 243.258
101, 18% 299911. 66, 143 255 339
ifs9 ; Lord hlacaulay s :pinion 01
his father and mother, 'jq; o n.wn's visit to Edinburgh,
I. z 9, IIL.57, 291, 35a
Bormll Raj, Wardte, Ill. 308
Boswell's Court, I.
Botanical gardenq, %e, I. 362,363,
Bothwell, Earfs of,' I. 94 122, 168,
Bo=vell, Jam=, I. 6 8 3 , 97, 98, 99,
111. 159, 161 162 163
196, 106, m7, 209, 2 1 0 ~ 2 4 ~ ~ 258,
259, 266, 276, 298, 3741 11. 61, 71,
72 111. 3 6,7, 52, 6 1 , ~ ~ 174,
33; ; Lord fi arnlefs murder 111.
3-7 * marruge of Queen kary
to the Earl of, I. 219. 11. 71,
262; how Bothwell attracted the
Queen's notice, 11. 102
Rothwell, Adam, Bishop of Orkney,
I. 116, q, 11. 48, 49, 71,
181, 111. 35, 98
Bothwell, ohn Lord, 11. 49
Hothwell, Air Francis, 111. 35
Hothwell, ohn I 47 158
Hothwell AichArd, PAvost of Kirk-
Bothwell of Glencorse, Henry, I. pa
Bothwell Bridge, 11. 39, 87. 375
Bottle House Company, Leith, 111.
Bough, Samuel, the artist, 11. 86,
Boulder, Gigantic, 11. 312
Bourse, The, Leith, 111. 231; its
other names, ib.
Bower, the historian of Edinburgh
University, 111. 8, 9. 10. 11, 16,
of-Fielh, 111. 2
239
Ill. 68
. .
18 19, 308
BokFoot, The, 11. 13'
Rowfoot Well. I. 310 11. 233
Bowles, Caroline, 11.'-
Boyd, Lord, 111. 174, 180
Boyd Sir Thomas nmtewn, Lord
Bo d, J o k , Slaubhter of'the ruf-
PrdVOSt 11. 284 i11.88 288
Ln. 11. a
4 4 $1, 4 ,'326, a;i, 347, fi.- . "Braid dugh Somewilk of the
Writes " 1. 315, 16
Braid, L i r d of, IIt. 49
Braid The river 111. 143, 322
Braid'Village o< 111. to, 113 ;ex*
c d o n near, 1iI. 40; its historical
asxiations, 111. 41
Braid's Row 111. 75
Braidsbum, 'I. 326, 111. 49, 61, 327
Brand, Sir Alexander, I. m3, 378,
Brandof Baberton, Alexander, 111.
Brandfield P h 11.218
Brandfield Stree; 11. ar
Braxfield, Lord, i, 173, 11. 152,153,
Bread. Sale of. determined bv law.
11.21
334
339 . . 11.;80 '
Brea&lbe Earlof 1.378 I11 146
Breadalbani Marqkis of,'II.'86;
Breadalbme Stdet. Leith. 111. ax.
Marchion& of 11. zog
. . _ _ 236
II.84,111.2 9
Breakwater,TheNewhaven III.303
Bremner, David, 1. 283, 384,
Brewers, The &inburgh, 11. 68
Brewster, Sir David, 1.379,II. 140,
f57,III. q, 242: statueof 111.24
Brilxs, Acceptance of, by'judgea
and others, 1. 163, 164, 167,169
Brickfield, 111. 144
Bridewell, The, 11. 106, IT
Bridge-end, 111. 58
Bridges, Sir Egerton, I. 273
Bridges David, cloth merchnot,
Bright, John, M.P., 11. 284
Brighton Chapel, 11. 326
Brighton Place, Portobello 111.148
Hrlsbane, Sir T., Father d 11. 199
Bristo, 11. 135, 267, w, Ilt. 94
Bristo Park 11. 326
Bristo Port,'I. 38, 11. 234, 267, 316,
T3t.3249 325, 3 4 '32% 3Pp 379,
Brisro Street, I. 335, 11. 326.327,
I. I ~ ' - I I O ; his wife, I. 110
11. 94, 156
British Convention, The, 11. 236 ;
British Linen Company, I. a79.280,
11s governors and patrons, 1. 279
British Linen Co.'s Bank, Edinburgh
11 170 171, 172; at
Leith'III'z38 '23
British h e ; Hail, &nongate, 11.
31, 33, 83
xilure of its members, id.
355, 11. 33, 93, '731 '74, 111.344;
Broadstairs House, Causewayside,
Broad Wknd, Leith, 111. 167, 210,
111. 50 "52
236,238
Brodie, Deacon, Robberies cammitted
by, I. 1 1 s r 1 5 * 116. 217,
11.23, Ill. 3t7: lantein and keys
used by I. 115 : execution of,
1. 1x5 ; herview between Bmdie
and Smith, 1. * 117; his method
of robbery 11. 23
Brodie William the sculptor, I. 159,
Brodie s klos; 1.112
Brwke, Gnsdvus V., the actor, I.
357
Brwm Stock of, I. 377
Bmugham, Lord, I. 166, 379, 11.
i11 113 157 I 287, 292.347,
111: y :his b k a a c e , I. 168; his
mother, I. 168, 242 ; burial-place
nfhisfathcr,lII. 131 ; his statue,
1. I59
Bmughton, 1.335,II.3,191,III. 151
Broughton, Barony of, 11. I&
185, 186, 366,111. 83 86 I
Bmughton Hum in 1850, 184
Broughton Hall, Ill. 88, * 93
Broughton Loan, 11. E+ 115, 176,
Broughton Park, 111. 88
Broughton Place, 11. 183, 184
Broughton Street, 11. 178, 179, 183,
11. ;30 155 ill. 68,101
I&, 186, 188
184
Broughtan T o l b t h , The, 11. * 181
Broughton loll, 111. 95
Bronnga, John, the Nevhaven
Brown CaGt. Sir ?&uel, 111. 303
Brown: George, the builder, 11. 2%
B m . Thomas. architect. 11. IOI
hsherman 111. 5 p 6
~ m m ; Rev. Alexander, irr. 75-
Brown, Rev. Dr., 111. 51
Brown Square, 1. g1.11.260,268,
269, 274 =71r 339
Broww, Dr. James, I. 190, 339,II.
1 4 314, 111. 79
Browne Dr. Thomas, 11.395
Browndll, Williim, the naval adventurer,
I I I . I ~ ,
Rrownhill, the builder, 1. 98
Brown's Chapel (Or. John), Rose
Street, 11. 15 , 184
Brown's close 1. 8: p
Brown's taveA, Lkkgate Leith
111. 914 ; singular tragedy in, ib:
Browns of Greenbank, The, I. go
Hruce Lord 11. 354
Bruce: Sir hiichael 11. 168
BNC~ of Balcaskd and Kinross,
Sir William architect of Holyrood
Palace'l. 336 11. 74, 367
Bruce. Robe;. Lord Kennrtt. 11.
242
Rruce, Robert, sword of, 111. 355
Hruce Lady 111. 158
nruce'of RiAng's mansion, I. 2-4
Bruce of Kinnaird, the traveller, 1.
247, 111,162
Brucr of Kinloss, Lady, 11. 257
Rruce of Powfoulis Mrs 11. 16a
Bruce Michael, th: Sco;;ish Kirke
White, 111. 219
B ~ c e ' s Close, I. 223
Brunstane, 11. 34
Hrunstane Rum 111. 149
Brunstane, Laid of, 111. 150
Brunstane manor-house, 111. 149,
1509 Tl579.366
Brunsmck btmt, 111. 81
Hruntan Dr. I. 79 111. 83
Brunton'Pla& 191.
Bruntsfield Links, 11. 115,137, 222,
313, 348, 111. q~ 34 31, 33, 43 ;
the avenue 111. '33
Bruntsfield dr Warrender House,
Bryce, David, thearchitect, 11. 95,
97, 154 174 210, 359, 111. 82
Rryce John architect 11. 359
Brysoh Rodert 1.37;
Yuccle;ch, D&s of, 11. 21, 86,
211, 9 3 , 318, 358, 111. 198, 2x9,
d37 265, 270, F, 30% 311, 3r4 ;
Duchessof 11.115
Bucckuch, Hemy Duke of, 11. 310
Buccleuch Lady of 1. z06
Buccleuch'Free ChArch, 11. 346
Buccleuch Place, 11. 148, a68, 347,
Bucckoch Street, II. 339
111. 45,46, *48,
Ill. '25
Buchan, Earl of, 1. 34, 11. 8 6 , s ~
1% 2% 339, 111. 2s 123, 1%
180, 314
Buchanaii, George, I. 16, 143, 167,
206, ~ 5 . *4, 11. 67. 127. 363
111. 14 179, 19. -1, 998,363.
memorial window in new Greyfriars
Church, 11. 379
Bnchanan, lk. k'raocis, botanist,
111. 1-52
Buchanan of Auchintorlie, 11.159
Buchanan Street, 111. 15
Buckingham Tenace, 119. 67
Bnckstane The 111. 342
Buildings 'in Edinburgh, Ancient
laws regulating the I. rl
Bull, Capture of Sir 'Stephen, 111.
Bullock, William ; his plan for the
re-capture of Edinburgh Castle,
202
I. 25, 26.
Bunker's Hill, I. $6
Burdiehoux, 111. 342; fossil dLcoveries
near, id. .
Burdiehouse Burn 111. 322, 339
Burgess Close, Leith, 111.164 167.
Burgh Loch,The, 11. zgc, 346, 347,
Burg Loch Brewery, 11.349
Burphmuir. The. 1. U. ~ O A . ?I&
227, 232, 234, 249
* q 9 , 354
33r 326, >a3, iiL;;
35 170 342; muster of troops
udder jam- 111. and James IV.,
Ill. 28. the k - s c a n e , 111.~8,
* z g ; :dud in 17za, 111. p;
Valleyfield House and Leven
Ledge, id.; Barclay Freechurch,
76.; Hruntsfield Links and the
Golf clubs, ib. ; Gillespie's Hospital,
111. & *37: M e r c h w
Castle, ILI. 9% P**r 26
Burghmuir, Dlstrict of the, 111. q
-y ; battle of the (see Battles)
Burghmuir-head mad, 111. 38; thc
Free Church, i6.
Burial-ground, The first, in =inburgh,
I. 149
Burials under church porticoes, 11.
247
Burke and Hare, the murderers L
Im, 11. 226-230, Ill. 27
Burleigh Lord 1.127 ; escape from
the l.oiboot$ ib.
Burn, Willkm the architect, 11.
171, 111. 34 b8 85 255
Burnet, Jamei oith: TownGuud.
11.311
Burnet, Sir Thomas, 11. 147
Burnet of Monboddo, Miss, I. iq.
111.42
Burney, Dr the musician 11. zg
Burning of'ihe Pope in ;figy by
the Universitystudents, 111. II-
13. 57
Burns, Robert, I. 3,106, 107, 11g.
IW 154 171, 178, 17% 232,236.
I Y, 159, 187, 188, wl 27, 333
2397 348, 366, 11. p4 27. 307 3%
191. 42, 55, 161, 352 ; Ftxman s
statne of, 11.88, 110; Nasmyth's
y t r a i t of, 11. @ ; monument of,
1. 11% *IIZ; bust by Brodi,
11. 110: head Or, 11. 127
Bums' centenary The first 11.150
Burns, Colonel W. Nicol, &e poet's
son 11. Sg
Burn:, Miss, and Bailie Crcech, II. '
Bnrniisland, I. 58,111.180, 188,191,
158, 159
211,314
Burtou, Ur. John Hill, I. 98, 111.
42, 43; his literary work.. 111.
'
43
able article, 11. 219
86,111. 13:
Butcher meat formerly an unsale-
Bute, Earl of, 1. 164, 179, 272, 11.
Bute, Marquis of, 11. 346
Bute's Battery, 1. 78
Butler, John, the king's carpenter,
Butter Tron, The, I. 50,
thtters of F'itlochry, %'Le, 11.
11. 136
5 218
143
Byres, Sir John, I. 153, 219, 11-GENERAL INDEX. 371
Black Watch, 11. 89, 138, 149, 179.
Black Wigs ClLb, 111. 123
Blackwood, Hnilie, 111. 15
Blackwood, William, I. 157, 291,
11. 139, 141, 142 ; the saloon in
his establinhment, 11. * 141 ; his
rrsidence, 111. 50
BfacA-wood's Mapasiw, 1. 339, 11.
322, 111. 195 288
23; ;Fa# ;2; ;7;g; 1.g WirZtors
11.140 IIP. 74
Blair,' Sir Jdmes Hunter, Lord
Provost, I. 179, 373, 376, 11. 283,
111. 89
Blair of Avontoun. Lord President.
236, 2 , II:27, 29, 120, 161, 271,
Blair Street, I. 245, 376, 11. 231,
Blarquhan Laird of 111. 36
BIair's Cl&, I. 65. & 11. 329 ;the
Duke of Gordon's house, 1. *p
Blairs of Balthayock, Tom-house
ofthe 11. 139
Blanc, kippolyte J., architect, 111.
38
Bland, the comedian, I. 342, 343
Blaw Wearie 111. 305
Bkis-sifwr, ?he gratuity, 11. 290,
383, 119. 45, 1 3 6 ~ 2 ~
Zj8,III. I
291
Blew Stone The I. 79
Blind Schdl, Cdigmillar, 11. 336
Blockhouse of St. Anthony. Leith.
111. 222, "23
J'Blue Blanket," The, I. 34, '36,
43, 11. 262, 278, 111. 55
Blumenreich, Herr, 111.88
Blyth's Close, 1. ga, 111. 66
Bmk's Land, West Port, I. 224
Boar Club The 111. IW
Board of Manuiactnres, 11. 8 3 4 6 ,
Body-snatchers Early 11. 1.w
B o ~ l l y , R o d n ci& near, 111.
Bo%l?yTower 111. 326 "328
Bonham, Sir Galter. II.'57
Bonkel Sir Edward I. 304
Bonnet'birds' club', 111.123
Bonnet-makers The 11. 265
Bonnington, n&r Le'ith, 11.~5,III.
W. ,306 ; view in, 111. * 96
Bonntngton House, 111. 88, 91,
*93, 147
Bonnington Mill, 111. 90, 247
Bonniugton Road, l I I . 8 8 , 1 2 8 , 1 ~ ,
Bonnington Sugar-refining Com-
Bonnyhaugh 111.90 gr
Bordeaux, &c de,Hr Holyrood,
Boreland homas the pcssessor of
the k&g$ stable, 11. 225; his
house I. * 80 1I.a25,n6
Bore-s&e or hare-stone, The, I.
326, 111. 28
Bomwlaski, ;he '8o?i;h dwarf, 11.
166.167
Borthwick, Lord, I. 40, 262, 11.383,
Borthwick, Jam- 11. 383
Borthwick's Close, I. 190, 211, 242
BosweIl, Sir Alexander, 1.173.182,
88, 92, 186
'7'1 '84
pany, Leith, 111. 91. 236
11. 78, 7%
Ill. 348
2x39 243.258
101, 18% 299911. 66, 143 255 339
ifs9 ; Lord hlacaulay s :pinion 01
his father and mother, 'jq; o n.wn's visit to Edinburgh,
I. z 9, IIL.57, 291, 35a
Bormll Raj, Wardte, Ill. 308
Boswell's Court, I.
Botanical gardenq, %e, I. 362,363,
Bothwell, Earfs of,' I. 94 122, 168,
Bo=vell, Jam=, I. 6 8 3 , 97, 98, 99,
111. 159, 161 162 163
196, 106, m7, 209, 2 1 0 ~ 2 4 ~ ~ 258,
259, 266, 276, 298, 3741 11. 61, 71,
72 111. 3 6,7, 52, 6 1 , ~ ~ 174,
33; ; Lord fi arnlefs murder 111.
3-7 * marruge of Queen kary
to the Earl of, I. 219. 11. 71,
262; how Bothwell attracted the
Queen's notice, 11. 102
Rothwell, Adam, Bishop of Orkney,
I. 116, q, 11. 48, 49, 71,
181, 111. 35, 98
Bothwell, ohn Lord, 11. 49
Hothwell, Air Francis, 111. 35
Hothwell, ohn I 47 158
Hothwell AichArd, PAvost of Kirk-
Bothwell of Glencorse, Henry, I. pa
Bothwell Bridge, 11. 39, 87. 375
Bottle House Company, Leith, 111.
Bough, Samuel, the artist, 11. 86,
Boulder, Gigantic, 11. 312
Bourse, The, Leith, 111. 231; its
other names, ib.
Bower, the historian of Edinburgh
University, 111. 8, 9. 10. 11, 16,
of-Fielh, 111. 2
239
Ill. 68
. .
18 19, 308
BokFoot, The, 11. 13'
Rowfoot Well. I. 310 11. 233
Bowles, Caroline, 11.'-
Boyd, Lord, 111. 174, 180
Boyd Sir Thomas nmtewn, Lord
Bo d, J o k , Slaubhter of'the ruf-
PrdVOSt 11. 284 i11.88 288
Ln. 11. a
4 4 $1, 4 ,'326, a;i, 347, fi.- . "Braid dugh Somewilk of the
Writes " 1. 315, 16
Braid, L i r d of, IIt. 49
Braid The river 111. 143, 322
Braid'Village o< 111. to, 113 ;ex*
c d o n near, 1iI. 40; its historical
asxiations, 111. 41
Braid's Row 111. 75
Braidsbum, 'I. 326, 111. 49, 61, 327
Brand, Sir Alexander, I. m3, 378,
Brandof Baberton, Alexander, 111.
Brandfield P h 11.218
Brandfield Stree; 11. ar
Braxfield, Lord, i, 173, 11. 152,153,
Bread. Sale of. determined bv law.
11.21
334
339 . . 11.;80 '
Brea&lbe Earlof 1.378 I11 146
Breadalbani Marqkis of,'II.'86;
Breadalbme Stdet. Leith. 111. ax.
Marchion& of 11. zog
. . _ _ 236
II.84,111.2 9
Breakwater,TheNewhaven III.303
Bremner, David, 1. 283, 384,
Brewers, The &inburgh, 11. 68
Brewster, Sir David, 1.379,II. 140,
f57,III. q, 242: statueof 111.24
Brilxs, Acceptance of, by'judgea
and others, 1. 163, 164, 167,169
Brickfield, 111. 144
Bridewell, The, 11. 106, IT
Bridge-end, 111. 58
Bridges, Sir Egerton, I. 273
Bridges David, cloth merchnot,
Bright, John, M.P., 11. 284
Brighton Chapel, 11. 326
Brighton Place, Portobello 111.148
Hrlsbane, Sir T., Father d 11. 199
Bristo, 11. 135, 267, w, Ilt. 94
Bristo Park 11. 326
Bristo Port,'I. 38, 11. 234, 267, 316,
T3t.3249 325, 3 4 '32% 3Pp 379,
Brisro Street, I. 335, 11. 326.327,
I. I ~ ' - I I O ; his wife, I. 110
11. 94, 156
British Convention, The, 11. 236 ;
British Linen Company, I. a79.280,
11s governors and patrons, 1. 279
British Linen Co.'s Bank, Edinburgh
11 170 171, 172; at
Leith'III'z38 '23
British h e ; Hail, &nongate, 11.
31, 33, 83
xilure of its members, id.
355, 11. 33, 93, '731 '74, 111.344;
Broadstairs House, Causewayside,
Broad Wknd, Leith, 111. 167, 210,
111. 50 "52
236,238
Brodie, Deacon, Robberies cammitted
by, I. 1 1 s r 1 5 * 116. 217,
11.23, Ill. 3t7: lantein and keys
used by I. 115 : execution of,
1. 1x5 ; herview between Bmdie
and Smith, 1. * 117; his method
of robbery 11. 23
Brodie William the sculptor, I. 159,
Brodie s klos; 1.112
Brwke, Gnsdvus V., the actor, I.
357
Brwm Stock of, I. 377
Bmugham, Lord, I. 166, 379, 11.
i11 113 157 I 287, 292.347,
111: y :his b k a a c e , I. 168; his
mother, I. 168, 242 ; burial-place
nfhisfathcr,lII. 131 ; his statue,
1. I59
Bmughton, 1.335,II.3,191,III. 151
Broughton, Barony of, 11. I&
185, 186, 366,111. 83 86 I
Bmughton Hum in 1850, 184
Broughton Hall, Ill. 88, * 93
Broughton Loan, 11. E+ 115, 176,
Broughton Park, 111. 88
Broughton Place, 11. 183, 184
Broughton Street, 11. 178, 179, 183,
11. ;30 155 ill. 68,101
I&, 186, 188
184
Broughtan T o l b t h , The, 11. * 181
Broughton loll, 111. 95
Bronnga, John, the Nevhaven
Brown CaGt. Sir ?&uel, 111. 303
Brown: George, the builder, 11. 2%
B m . Thomas. architect. 11. IOI
hsherman 111. 5 p 6
~ m m ; Rev. Alexander, irr. 75-
Brown, Rev. Dr., 111. 51
Brown Square, 1. g1.11.260,268,
269, 274 =71r 339
Broww, Dr. James, I. 190, 339,II.
1 4 314, 111. 79
Browne Dr. Thomas, 11.395
Browndll, Williim, the naval adventurer,
I I I . I ~ ,
Rrownhill, the builder, 1. 98
Brown's Chapel (Or. John), Rose
Street, 11. 15 , 184
Brown's close 1. 8: p
Brown's taveA, Lkkgate Leith
111. 914 ; singular tragedy in, ib:
Browns of Greenbank, The, I. go
Hruce Lord 11. 354
Bruce: Sir hiichael 11. 168
BNC~ of Balcaskd and Kinross,
Sir William architect of Holyrood
Palace'l. 336 11. 74, 367
Bruce. Robe;. Lord Kennrtt. 11.
242
Rruce, Robert, sword of, 111. 355
Hruce Lady 111. 158
nruce'of RiAng's mansion, I. 2-4
Bruce of Kinnaird, the traveller, 1.
247, 111,162
Brucr of Kinloss, Lady, 11. 257
Rruce of Powfoulis Mrs 11. 16a
Bruce Michael, th: Sco;;ish Kirke
White, 111. 219
B ~ c e ' s Close, I. 223
Brunstane, 11. 34
Hrunstane Rum 111. 149
Brunstane, Laid of, 111. 150
Brunstane manor-house, 111. 149,
1509 Tl579.366
Brunsmck btmt, 111. 81
Hruntan Dr. I. 79 111. 83
Brunton'Pla& 191.
Bruntsfield Links, 11. 115,137, 222,
313, 348, 111. q~ 34 31, 33, 43 ;
the avenue 111. '33
Bruntsfield dr Warrender House,
Bryce, David, thearchitect, 11. 95,
97, 154 174 210, 359, 111. 82
Rryce John architect 11. 359
Brysoh Rodert 1.37;
Yuccle;ch, D&s of, 11. 21, 86,
211, 9 3 , 318, 358, 111. 198, 2x9,
d37 265, 270, F, 30% 311, 3r4 ;
Duchessof 11.115
Bucckuch, Hemy Duke of, 11. 310
Buccleuch Lady of 1. z06
Buccleuch'Free ChArch, 11. 346
Buccleuch Place, 11. 148, a68, 347,
Bucckoch Street, II. 339
111. 45,46, *48,
Ill. '25
Buchan, Earl of, 1. 34, 11. 8 6 , s ~
1% 2% 339, 111. 2s 123, 1%
180, 314
Buchanaii, George, I. 16, 143, 167,
206, ~ 5 . *4, 11. 67. 127. 363
111. 14 179, 19. -1, 998,363.
memorial window in new Greyfriars
Church, 11. 379
Bnchanan, lk. k'raocis, botanist,
111. 1-52
Buchanan of Auchintorlie, 11.159
Buchanan Street, 111. 15
Buckingham Tenace, 119. 67
Bnckstane The 111. 342
Buildings 'in Edinburgh, Ancient
laws regulating the I. rl
Bull, Capture of Sir 'Stephen, 111.
Bullock, William ; his plan for the
re-capture of Edinburgh Castle,
202
I. 25, 26.
Bunker's Hill, I. $6
Burdiehoux, 111. 342; fossil dLcoveries
near, id. .
Burdiehouse Burn 111. 322, 339
Burgess Close, Leith, 111.164 167.
Burgh Loch,The, 11. zgc, 346, 347,
Burg Loch Brewery, 11.349
Burphmuir. The. 1. U. ~ O A . ?I&
227, 232, 234, 249
* q 9 , 354
33r 326, >a3, iiL;;
35 170 342; muster of troops
udder jam- 111. and James IV.,
Ill. 28. the k - s c a n e , 111.~8,
* z g ; :dud in 17za, 111. p;
Valleyfield House and Leven
Ledge, id.; Barclay Freechurch,
76.; Hruntsfield Links and the
Golf clubs, ib. ; Gillespie's Hospital,
111. & *37: M e r c h w
Castle, ILI. 9% P**r 26
Burghmuir, Dlstrict of the, 111. q
-y ; battle of the (see Battles)
Burghmuir-head mad, 111. 38; thc
Free Church, i6.
Burial-ground, The first, in =inburgh,
I. 149
Burials under church porticoes, 11.
247
Burke and Hare, the murderers L
Im, 11. 226-230, Ill. 27
Burleigh Lord 1.127 ; escape from
the l.oiboot$ ib.
Burn, Willkm the architect, 11.
171, 111. 34 b8 85 255
Burnet, Jamei oith: TownGuud.
11.311
Burnet, Sir Thomas, 11. 147
Burnet of Monboddo, Miss, I. iq.
111.42
Burney, Dr the musician 11. zg
Burning of'ihe Pope in ;figy by
the Universitystudents, 111. II-
13. 57
Burns, Robert, I. 3,106, 107, 11g.
IW 154 171, 178, 17% 232,236.
I Y, 159, 187, 188, wl 27, 333
2397 348, 366, 11. p4 27. 307 3%
191. 42, 55, 161, 352 ; Ftxman s
statne of, 11.88, 110; Nasmyth's
y t r a i t of, 11. @ ; monument of,
1. 11% *IIZ; bust by Brodi,
11. 110: head Or, 11. 127
Bums' centenary The first 11.150
Burns, Colonel W. Nicol, &e poet's
son 11. Sg
Burn:, Miss, and Bailie Crcech, II. '
Bnrniisland, I. 58,111.180, 188,191,
158, 159
211,314
Burtou, Ur. John Hill, I. 98, 111.
42, 43; his literary work.. 111.
'
43
able article, 11. 219
86,111. 13:
Butcher meat formerly an unsale-
Bute, Earl of, 1. 164, 179, 272, 11.
Bute, Marquis of, 11. 346
Bute's Battery, 1. 78
Butler, John, the king's carpenter,
Butter Tron, The, I. 50,
thtters of F'itlochry, %'Le, 11.
11. 136
5 218
143
Byres, Sir John, I. 153, 219, 11- ... INDEX. 371 Black Watch, 11. 89, 138, 149, 179. Black Wigs ClLb, 111. 123 Blackwood, Hnilie, 111. ...

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Stuart monarchs-a new era began in its history,
and it took a stahding as the chief burgh in
Scotland, the relations of which with England, for
generations after, partook rather of a vague prolonged
armistice in time of war than a settled
peace, and thus all rational progress was arrested
or paralysed, and was never likely to be otherwise
so long as the kings of England maintained the
insane pretensions of Edward I., deduced from
Brute the fabulous first king of Albion !
In 1383 Robert 11. was holding his court in
the Castle when he received there the ambassador
of Charles VI., on the 20th August, renewing the
ancient league with France. In the following year
a truce ended; the Earls of March and Douglas
began the war with spirit, and cut off a rich convoy
on its way to Roxburgh. This brought the Duke
of Lancaster and the Earl of Buckingham before
Edinburgh. Their army was almost innumerable
(according to Abercrombie, following Walsingham),
but the former spared the city in remembrance of
his hospitable treatment by the people when he was
among them, an exile from the English court-a
kindness for which the Scots cared so little that
they followed up his retreat so sharply, that he laid
the town and its great church in ashes when he returned
in the following year.
In 1390 Robert 111. ascended the throne, and ir.
that year we find the ambassadors of Charles VI.
again witnessing in the Castle the royal seal and signature
attached to the treaty for mutual aid and
defence against England in all time coming. This
brought Henry IV., as we have said, before the
Castle in 1400, with a well-appointed and numerous
army, in August.
From the fortress the young and gallant David
Duke of Rothesay sent a herald with a challenge
to meet him in mortal combat, where and when
he chose, with a hundred men of good blood on
each side, and determine the war in that way.
" But King Henry was in no humour to forego the
advantage he already possessed, at the head of a
more numerous army than Scotland could then
raise ; and so, contenting himself with a verbal
equivocation in reply to this knightly challenge, he
sat down with his numerous host before the Castle
till (with the usual consequences of the Scottish
reception of such'invaders) cold and rain, and -
twenty feet in length, with three or four large saws,
I for the common use, and six or more " cliekes of
castles, resorted to the simple expedient of driving
off all the cattle and sheep, provisions and goods,
even to the thatch of their houses, and leaving
nothing but bare walls for the enemy to wreak their
vengeance on; but they never put up their swords
till, by a terrible retaliating invasion into the more
fertile parts of England, they fully made up for
their losses. And this wretched state of affairs, for
nearly 500 years, lies at the door of the Plantagenet
and Tudor kings.
The aged King Robert 111. and his queen, the
once beautiful Annabella Drummond, resided in the
Castle and in the abbey of Holyrood alternately.
We are told that on one occasion, when the Duke
of Albany, with several of the courtiers, were conversing
one night on the ramparts of the former,
a singular light was seen afar off at the horizon, and
across the s t a q sky there flashea a bright meteor,
carrying behind it a long train of sparks.
'' Mark ye, sirs ! " said Albany, " yonder prodigy
portends either the ruin of a nation or the downfall
of some great prince ;a and an old chronicler omits
not to record that the Duke of Rothesay (who,
had he ascended the throne, would have been
David III.), perished soon after of famine, in the
hands of Ramornie, at Falkland.
Edinburgh was prosperous enough to be able to
contribute 50,000 merks towards the ransom of
James I., the gifted author of " The King's Quhair "
(or Book), who had been lawlessly captured at
sea in his boyhood by the English, and was left
in their hands for nineteen years a captive by his
designing uncle the Regent Albany ; and though
his plans for the pacification of the Highlands kept
him much in Perth, yet, in 1430, he was in
Edinburgh with Queen Jane and the Court, when
he received the surrender of Alexander Earl of
ROSS, who had been in rebellion but was defeated
by the royal troops in Lochaber.
As yet no Scottish noble had built a mansion in
Edinburgh, where a great number of the houses were
actually constructed of wood from the adjacent
forest, thatched with straw, and few were more than
two storeys in height ; but in the third Parliament
of James I., held at Perth in 1425, to avert the
conflagrations to which the Edinbiirghers were so
liable, laws were ordained requiring the magistrates
to have in readiness seven or eight ladders of
his progress or retreat."*
When unable to resist, the people of the entire
town and country, who were not secured in
* Wilson's ''Memorials." .
fired ;' and that no fire was to be conveyed from
one house to another within the town, unless in a
covered vessel or lantern. Another law forbade'
people on visits to live with their friends, but to ... monarchs-a new era began in its history, and it took a stahding as the chief burgh in Scotland, the ...

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C0NTENTS.
CHAPTER I.
THE CANONGATE.
@AGE
I& Origin-Songs concerning it-Reaords-Market Cross-St. John's and the G i h Crosses-Early History-The Town of Her-
Canongate Paved-The Governing Body-Raising the Devil-Purchase of the Earl of Roxbwgh's "Superiority"-The Foreign
Settlement-George Heriot the Elder-Huntly's HouseSu Walter Scott's Story of a Fire--The Mo- Land-How of Oliphant
of Newland, Lord David Hay, and Earl of Angus-Jack's Land-Shoemaker's Lands-Marquis of Huntly's House-Nisbet of Duleton'd
Mansion-Golfers' Land-John and Nicol Paterson-The Porch and Gatehouse of the Abbey-Lucky Spellcc . . . . . . I
CHAPTER 11.
THE CANONGATE (continwd).
Execution of the Marquis of Montrose-The First Dromedary in Scotland-The streets Cleansed-Raxbugh House--London Stages of r71a
and 175+-Religious Intolerance-Declension of the Burgh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
CHAPTEK 111.
THE CANONGATE (con#i+vwd).
Closes and AlleF on the North Side-Fiesh-market and Coull's Cloxs-Canongate High School-&e's Close--Riillach's Lodging-New
Street and its Residents-Hall of the Shoemakers-Sir Thos Ddyell-The Canongate Workhouse-Panmure HousbHannah
Robertson-The White Horse Hostel-% Water Gate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
CHAPTER IV.
THE CANONGATE (continued).
Closes and Alleys on the South Side-Chessel's Court-The Canongate Theatre-Riots Therein-"Douglas" Performed-Mr. Diggea and Mra.
Bellamy-St. John's Close-St. John's Street and iks Residents-The Haaunennan's Clo~-Horse Wynd, Abbey-House of Lord Napier 22
CHAPTER V.
THE CANONGATE (roniinued).
Separate or Detached Edifices therein-Sir Walter Scott in the Canongate--The Parish C%urch-How it came to be built-Its Official
Position- Its Burying Ground-The Grave of Fergusson-Monument to Soldiers interred the-Ecceotric Henry PrentiaThe
Tolbth-Testimony as to its Age-Its latu uses-Magdakne Asylum-Linen Hall-Many House-Its Hstorical Associari ons-The
WiotooXo-Whiteford Howe-The Dark Story of Queuriberry House . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7
CHAPTER VI.
THE CANONGATE (coduded).
mthiin H u t - M PalmerstowSt. Thomas's Hospita-The Tennis Court and its Theawe4&wen Mq's --The Houxr of Croftan-
Righandclock-mill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
CHAPTER ' VII.
HOLYROOD ABBEY.
Foundation of the Ahbey-Text of King David's Charter-Original Extent of the Abbey Char&-The sc-alled Miracdau b - T h e
Pawnages of the Canons-Its Tbirtyanc Abbots-Its Relics and Revenues . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 ... I. THE CANONGATE. @AGE I& Origin-Songs concerning it-Reaords-Market Cross-St. John's and ...

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Beechwood.] SIR ROBERT DUNDAS OF BEECHWOOD. 105
to the Castle of Edinburgh under a strong escort of
their comrades.
General Leslie, and Lieutenant MacLean the
adjutant, having accompanied this party a little
way out of Glasgow, were, on their return, assailed
by a mob which sympathised with the Highlanders
and accused them of being active in sending
away the prisoners. The tumult increased,
stones were thrown ; General Leslie was knocked
down, and he and MacLean had to seek shelter
these documents were not formally executed, were
confused in their terms, and good for nothing in a
legal sense, Mrs. Rutherford of Edgerstoun very
generously fulfilled to the utmost what she conceived
to be the intentions of her father.
Sir Robert Dundas, Bart., of Beechwood, like the
preceding, figures in the pages of Kay. He was
one of the principal Clerks of Session, and Deputy
Lord Privy Seal of Scotland. He was born in
June, 1761, and was descended from the Dundases
BEECHWOOD.
in the house of the Lord Provost till peace
officers came, and a company of Fencibles. One
of the mutineers was shot, by sentence of a
court-martial. The others were sent to America.
On his way back to Edinburgh General Leslie
was seized with a dangerous illness, and died at
' Beechwood House on the 27th of December,
'794.
No will could be found among the General's repositories
at Beechwood, and it was presumed that
he had died intestate. However, a few days after
the filneral, two holograph papers were discovered,
bequeathing legacies to the amount of L7,ooo
among some of his relations and friends, particularly
.&I,OOO each to two natural daughters. Although
110
of Amiston, the common ancestor of whom was
knighted by Charles I., and appointed to the
bench by Charles 11. Educated as a Writer to
the Signet, he was made deputy-keeper of Sashes,
and in 1820 a principal Clerk of Session. He was
one of the original members of the old Royal
Edinburgh Volunteers, of which corps he was a
lieutenant in 1794. He purchased from Lord
Melville the estate of Dunira in Perthshire, and
succeeded to the baronetcy and the estate of
Beechwood on the death of his uncle General Sir
David Dundas, G.C.B., who was for some time
Commander-in-Chief of the forces. Sir Robert
died in 1835.
A winding rural carriage-way, umbrageous and ... SIR ROBERT DUNDAS OF BEECHWOOD. 105 to the Castle of Edinburgh under a strong escort of their ...

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Kirk-of- Field.] THE CONSPIRACY AGAINST DARNLEY. 5
IZ. our lady kirk of field
13. ye kirk of field kirk y i '
I+ ye potterraw .. .. .. The Pot:er Row.
15. ye caich ill gait . . . . The Catchpole Gate.
. . Our Lady Kirk-of-Field. . . The Kirk-of-Field kirk y d .
EXPLANATION OF THE ORIGINAL I
I. ye blak freiris . . . . .. The Black Friars.
a. ye priestis chameris . . . . The priest's chambers.
3. ye well .. .. . . .. The well.
4. ye mylk row . . .. . . The Milk Row.
5. our lady stapis . . Our Lady's steos.
6. ye Dukis gaitt ofchattiiieraur
7. ye lu+ att ye king was keipit
8. ye place of ye murthqr . . . . The lace of the murder.
9. ye provost place ..
The Duke of Chatelherault's gate.
The lodging at which the King
eftir his murthur . . . , was kept after his murder,
. . .. The Frovast's place. ... Field.] THE CONSPIRACY AGAINST DARNLEY. 5 IZ. our lady kirk of field 13. ye kirk of field kirk y i ' I+ ...

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Faculty of TheoZogy.
Theology, 1620. Andrew Ramsay.
Hebrew, 1642. Julius Conradus Otto.
Divinity, 1702. John Cumming.
Biblical Criticism, 1847. Robert Lee.
Faculty of Law.
Public Law, 1707. Charles Areskine.
Civil Law, 1710. James Craig.
History, 17x9. Charles Mackie.
Scottish Law, 1722. Alexander Bayne.
Medical Jurispkdence, 1807. Andrew Duncan (secunh).
THE QUADRANGLE, EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY.
colonies and India avail themselves very extensively
of the educational resources of the University of
Edinburgh. In 1880 there were 3,172 matriculated
students, of whom 1,634 were medical alone ;
of these 677 were from Scotland, 558 from England,
28 from Ireland, and the rest from abroad ;
and these numbers will be greatly increased when
the Extension Buildings are in full working order,
and further develop the teaching of the
Faculty of Medicine.
Botany, 1676. James Sutherland.
Midicine and Botany, 1738.
Practice of Medicine, 1724.
Anatomy, 1705. Robert Elliot.
Chemistry and Medicine, 1713. James Crawford.
Chemistry (alone), 1844. William Gregory.
Midwifery, 1726. Joseph Gibson.
Natural History, 1767. Robert Ramsay:
Materia Medica, 1768. Francis Home.
Clinical Surgery, 1803. James Russell.
Military Surgery, 1806. John Thomson (abolished).
Surgery, 1777, Alexander Monro (secandus).
General Pathology, 1831. John Thomson.
The average number of students is above 3,000
yearly, and by far the greater proportion of them
attend the Faculty of Medicine. The British
Charles Alston.
William Porterfield.
100
There are two sessions, beginning respectively in
October and May, the latter being confined to law
and medicine. The university confers all the
usual degrees. To qualify in Arts it is necessary
to attend the classes for Latin, Greek, Mathematics,
Logic, Rhetoric, Moral and Natural Philosophy.
There are some 125 bursaries amounting in the
annual aggregate value of scholarships and fellowships
to about &1,600.
The revenues of the university of old were
scanty and inadequate to the encouragement of
high education and learning in Edinburgh; and
the salaries attached to the chairs we have enumerated
are not inferior generally to those in the
other universities of Scotland. ... of TheoZogy. Theology, 1620. Andrew Ramsay. Hebrew, 1642. Julius Conradus Otto. Divinity, 1702. John ...

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the ancient ruby ring which the kings of Scotland
wore at their coronation. It was last used by the
unhappy Charles I., and, after all its wanderings
with his descendants, is now in its old receptacle,
together with the crown, sceptre, sword of state,
and the golden mace of Lord High Treasurer.
The mace, like the sceptre, is surmounted by a
great crystal beryl, stones doubtless of vast antiquity.
The " great beryl " was an amulet which
[Edinburgh Castle.
with the like number of diamonds and sapphires
alternately, and the points tipped with great pearls;
the upper circle is elevated with ten crosses floree,
each adorned in the centre with a great diamond
betwixt four great pearls placed in the cross, one
and one, and these crosses floree are interchanged
with ten high flews de fix, all alternately with the
great pearls below, which top the points of the
second small circle. From the upper circle proceed
cage, the regalia now lie on a white marble table
in the crown-room, together with four other memorials
of the House of Stuart, which belonged
to the venerable Cardinal York, and were deposited
there by order of King William in 1830. These
are the golden collar of the Garter presented to
James VI. by Elizabeth, with its appendage the
George; the order of St. Andrew, cut on an onyx
and having on the reverse the badge of the Thistle,
which opens with a secret spring, revealing a beau-
The ancient crown worn by Robert I. and his
successors underwent no change till it was closed
with four arches by order of James V., and it is
thus described in the document deposited with the
Regalia in the crown-room, in 1707 :-
"The crown is of pure gold, enriched with
many precious stones, diamonds, pearls, and curious
enamellings. It is composed of a fillet which
goes round the head, adorned with twenty-two
large precious stones. Above the great circle there
THE REGALIA OF SCOTLAND. ... ancient ruby ring which the kings of Scotland wore at their coronation. It was last used by the unhappy ...

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[-wade. THE MELVILLES..
/
LASSWADE CnuKCH, 1773. (Afdw an Etching by Yohn Clerk of E(din.1
CHAPTER XLIII.
THE ENVIRONS OF EDINBURGH-(ccmclz&d).
Melville Castle and the Melvilles-The Viscounts Melvil1::-Sheriffnall-Newton-Monkton-Stonyhill-" The Wicked Colonel Charteris "-
New Hailes-The Stair Obelisk-Lord Hailes-His Death.
MELVILLE CASTLE stands on the left bank of the
North Esk, about five furlongs eastward of Lasswade,
and was built by the first Viscount Melville,
replacing a fortress of almost unknown antiquity,
about the end of the last century. It is a splendid
mansion, with circular towers, exhibiting much
architectural elegance, and surrounded by a finelywooded
park, which excited the admiration of
George IV.
Unauthenticated tradition states that the ancient
castle of Melville was a residence of David Rizzio,
and as such, was, of course, visited occasionally by
Queen Mary; but it had an antiquity much more
remote.
It is alleged that the first Melville ever known
'in Scotland was a Hungarian of that name, who
accompanied Queen 'Margaret to Scotland, where
he obtained from Malcolm 111. a grant of land
in hiidlothian, and where he settled, gave his surname
to his castle, and became progenitor of all
the Melvilles in Scotland. Such is the story told
by Sir Robert Douglas, on the authority of Leslie,
143
Mackenzie, Martin, and Fordun ; but it is much
more probable that the family is of French origin.
Be all that as it may, the family began to be
prominent in Scotland soon after the reign of
Malcolm 111.
Galfrid de Melville of Meldle Castle, in
Lothian, witnessed many charters of Malcolm IV.,
bestowing pious donations on the abbeys of Holyrood,
Newbattle, and Dunfermline, before 1165, in
which year that monarch died.
He also appears (1153-1165) as Vicecomes de
CasieZZo Pzd'Eamm, in the register of St. Marie
of Newbattle. He witnessed two charters of
William the Lion to the abbey of Cambuskenneth,
and made a gift of the parish church of
Melville (which, probably, he built) to the monastery
of Dunfermline, in presence of Hugh, Bishop
of St. Andrews, previously chaplain to King
William, and who died in 1187.
Galfrid of Melville left four sons-Sir Gregory,
his successor, Philip, Walter, and Waren. Of the
last nothing is known, but the other three founded ... THE MELVILLES.. / LASSWADE CnuKCH, 1773. (Afdw an Etching by Yohn Clerk of E(din.1 CHAPTER XLIII. THE ...

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it, sixty feet wide, bordering the Albert and
other docks, and, in addition to the edifices
specially mentioned, contains the offices of the
Leith Chamber of Commerce, instituted in 1840,
and incorporated in 1852, having a chairman,
deputy-chairman, six directors, and other officials ;
the sheriff-clerk's office; that of the Leith Burghs
PiZoi, and the offices of many steamship companies.
At the north-east angle of Tower Street stands
the lofty circular signal-tower (which appears in
THE EXCHANGE BUILDINGS.
son has a view of the door and staircase window of
No, 10, which bears the date 1678, with the initials
R.M. within a chaplet.
In No. 28 is the well-known Old Ship Hotel,
above the massive entrance of which is carved, in
bold relief, an ancient ship ; and No. 20 is the
equally well-known New Ship Tavern, or hotel, the
lower flat of which is shown, precisely as we find it
now, in the Rotterdam view of I 700, with its heavily
moulded doorway, above which can be traced,
several of our engravings), so long a leading
feature in all the seaward views of Leith, and the
base of which, so lately as 1830, was washed by
the waves at the back of the old pier. It was
originally a windmill for making rape-oil, as described
by Maitland, and it is distinctly delineated
in a view (seep. 173) of Leith Harbour about 1700,
now in the Trinity House, to which it was brought
by one of the incorporation, who discovered it at
Rotterdam in 1716. Part of the King's Wark is
also shown in it.
What is called the Shore, or quay, extends from
the tower southward to the foot of the Tolbooth
Wynd, and is edificed by many quaint old buildings,
with gables, dormers, and crowsteps. Robertthrough
many obliterations of time and paint, a
Latin motto from Psalm cxxvi, most ingeniously
adapted, by the alteration of a word, to the calling
of the house-"Ne dormitet custos tuus. Ecce
non dormitat neque dormit custos domus" (Israelis
in the original), which is thus translated-"He
that keepeth thee will not slumber. Behold, he
that keepeth the house (Israel) shall neither slumber
nor sleep."
The taverns of Leith have always.held a high
repute for their good cheer, and were always the
resort of Edinburgh lawyers on Saturdays. The
host of the '' Old Ship I' is very prominently mentioned
by Robert Fergusson in his poem, entitled
'' Good Eating." ... sixty feet wide, bordering the Albert and other docks, and, in addition to the edifices specially mentioned, ...

Vol. 6  p. 245 (Rel. 0.59)

140 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [St. Giles's Church.
establishment, and Maitland gives us a roll of the
forty chaplaincies and altarages therein.
An Act of Council dated twelve years before
this event commemorates the gratitude ,of the
citizens to one who had brought from France a
relic of St. Giles, and, modernised, it runs thus :-
*' Be it kenned to all men by these present letters,
we, the provost, bailies, counselle and communitie
of the burgh of Edynburgh, to be bound
and obliged to William Prestoune of Gourton, son
and heir to somewhile iVilliam Prestoune of Gourton,
and to the friends and sirname
of them, that for so much
that William Prestoune the
father, whom God assoile, made
diligent labour, by a high and
mighty prince, the King of
France (Charles VII.), and
many other lords of France, for
getting the arm-bone of St. Gile,
the which bone he freely left to
our mother kirk of St. Gile of
Edinburgh, without making any
condition. We, considering the
great labour and costs that he
made for getting thereof, promise
that within six or seven years,
in all the possible and goodly
haste we may, that we shall
build an aisle forth from our
Ladye aisle, where the said William
lies, the said aisle to be
begun within a year, in which
aisle there shall be brass for his
lair in bost (it., for his grave in
embossed) work, and above the
brass a writ, specifying the
bringing of that Rylik by him
into Scotland, with his arms, and
his arms to be put in hewn
church of his name in the Scottish quarter of
Bruges, and on the 1st of September is yearly
borne through the streets, preceded by all thedrums
in the garrison.
To this hour the arms of Preston still remain in
the roof of the aisle, as executed by the engagement
in the charter quoted; and the Prestons
continued annually to exercise their right of bearing
the arm of the patron saint of the city until
the eventful year 1558, when the clergy issued
forth for the last time in solemn procession on
the day of his feast, the 1st
SEAL OF ST. G1LES.t (A ffw Henry Lain&.
work, in three other parts of the aisle, with book
and chalice and all other furniture belonging
thereto. Also, that we shall assign the chaplain
of whilome Sir William of Prestoune, to sing at the
altar from that time forth. . . . . Item, that
as often as the said Rylik is borne in the year,
that the sirname and nearest of blood of the said
William shall bear the said Rylik, before all
others, &c. In witness of which things we have
set to our common seal at Edinburgh the 11th
day of the month of January, in the year of our
Lord 1454"*
The other arm of St. Giles is preserved in the
Frag. : " Scotomomastica."
September, bearing with them
a statue of St. Giles-"a marmouset
idol," Knox calls itborrowed
from the Grey Friars,
because the great image of the
saint, which was as large as life,
had been stolen from its place,
and after being '' drouned " in
the North Loch as an encourager
of idolatry, was burned
as a heretic by some earnest
Reformers. Only two years
before this event the Dean of
Guild had paid 6s. for painting
the image, and Izd. for
polishing the silver arm containing
the relic. To give dignity
to this last procession the
queen regent attended it in
person; but the moment she
left it the spirit of the mob
broke forth. Some pressed close.
to the image, as if to join in
its support, while endeavouring
to shake it down; but this.
proved impossible, so firmly was
it secured to its supporters; and
the struggle, rivalry, and triumph
of the mob were delightful -to Knox, who described
the event with the inevitable glee in which
he indulged on such occasions.
Only four years after all this the saint's silverwork,
ring and jewels, and all the rich vestments,
wherewith his image and his arm-bone were wont
to be decorated on high festivals, were sold by
the authority of the magistrates, and the proceeds
employed in the repair of the church.
f Under a canopy supported by spiral columns a full-length figure of.
St. Giles with the nimbus, holding the crozier in his right hand, and ih
his left a Look and a branch. A kid, the usual attendant on St. Giles,
is playfully leaping up to his hand. On the pedestal is a shield bearing
the castle triple-towered, S. COMMUNE CAPTI BTI EGIDII DEEDINBURGH.
(Apfindrd to a chartrr by the Provost [ Waite, FodesJ d Chuptrr
of St. Gdes of fke man= andgkk in favmrof the magisfrates and'
conzmndy of Edindrryh, A.D. 1496.") ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [St. Giles's Church. establishment, and Maitland gives us a roll of the forty ...

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374
*316,317; view below Cramond
Brig, 111. '317
Cramond Bridge, 11. 63, 111. 1x1
CramondChurch 111. 316 '320
Cramond harbou; 111. 31;
Cramond House i11.317,318, *3a2
Cramond Island: 111.315
Cramond Regis, 111. 107, 316
Cramond, Baroness, 111. 315
Cranston, Mn., 111. 161
Cranston Street 11. 17
Cranstoun, Hdn. George, Lord
Corehouse, 11. 6, m7; his
sister 11. .106 111. IOI
Cranstdun, Thd- of, Provost, 11.
278
Cranstoun Geordie thedwarf 11.19
Crawford,'Earls of: I. 62, 68, mg,
Crawford of Jordanhill, Sir Hew,
Crawford'Sir Gregan I.'za
Crawford'of D ~ m s o i 11.181, 111.
11. 354,'III. 194, 222
111. 90- his daughters i6.
zg. 61, IS$ 34
Crawford S l r f V i l l h , 11. 47
Crawford' Captain, and Major
Crawford, S:r John, 111,. 51, 52, 5
Crawford, Thomas, High S c h d
Crawfoid of Jordanhill. Capt.. 111.
somuvhe I. 95
rector II. qa
. _ .
1 9 Crawfurd of Crad.udland, Howie-
CrZC;; j k e s , Provost, 11. a78
Creichtoun of Felde, Deputy Pm
Creighton, Willivn of 11. 47
~ r e e ~ h , william, bo~ise~~er, I. ' 5 5
139 ; portrait of, I. 156 ; Burns'
poem on, i. 156
Crceclr, Lord Provost, and Mh
Burns 11. 158 159
C-h': Land, i. 153. 156 191
"Creech's Levee," I. 156
Crichton, Lord Chancellor, 11. 54
Crichton, Bamn, I. zg, 30, 053
Crichton Castle, 111. 61
Crichton of Lugton, David, 11. 39
Crichton, h. Andrew, 111. 79
Crichtonb Dr. Archbald, 11. 123,
111. 162
Crichton, George, Bishop of Dun.
keld 1. 149 204 11. rj, 47, 48
Crichrbo, Rdhard: architect, 11.94
Crichton of Elliock, Robert, I. 126
Crichton, Lieut.-Col. Patrick, Ill.
161 ; duelhy, 111.16~ ; hisson, d.
Crichton Street, 11. 329, 334 333,
Cr%c%of Brunstane,The,III.xp
Cringletie, Lord, 11. 174
Crisp, Henry, 1. 343
Crispm, Feasts of St., 11. 104
Cruchalh Club, 1. 235, 239, 11.
Cmckat Lieut -General 111 95
Croft-ad-Righ,'m the Gield'of $
cromarty, Earls of, I. 1x1, 11, zg8,
Crombie's Close, 11. 239, 2~
Cromwell, Oher, I. 4, 54, 55. 56,
353. 367, 371. 11. 31, 73. rgz,2~8,
286, 290. 327,367, 375, 383, 111.
186,187, 193, 21% 222, 230, 2s
318,329,33073431 347 ; p r o p 3
statue of 111.72
ter, 1. 34
vost, 11.279
-157, 166, 176, 212, 229, 11. Im
157, 187, 111. IZZ
King, 11. 41, *#
215, 3x0
299. 3532 356 111- 30. I16 2 x 6
741 75, 159, -# %'B 218,227. 298,
439 99, 103, 1x3, 14% 143. 151,
Cromwelrs'tarracks III. 257
'' Crookbacked Dici" of Glouces
Crookshank the historian, I. 101
Crosby, Andrew, advocate, I. 192,
C-4 the City, I. 50, 60, 98, 1x6,
334 11. 2 62.75, 131,111.1~ 72,
146: 755 191. cruel punishments
ihct&l th&e, 1. 150, 151 ;
k q u e t s at the, I. zm; exccuuons
there, 11.14, III.187,268
zm 231.11. IF
122, 146, 152, 195, +03,227, 298,
C T GusewaY, 11. 334, 341, 3451
346
Cross Ke s Tavern I. 251
Cross of &. John iI. z
Cm~~rig, Lord 1.'161, 162, 11. 246
Crown Hotel, h. 118
OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH.
Crown-mom, Edinburgh Castle, I.
Cullayne, Capt. James, I. z6a
Cullen, Lord Robert I. 27, 11. 171
Cullen, Dr., I. 156,'171, 271, 11.
Culloden Battle if &te Battles)
Cumberl;nd, Duke of, I. 332. 334,
* 69
146, 302, 111. 23 35
I. 203 11. 281 111. 15
Cunninglham, si will- 11.153,
Cunnineham of Baberton. House
111. 57
of 11; 162
Curkingham Rev.Dr. 1.87 111.51
Cunninghamk, Dr. deorgk, the
Cunzie House. The, Candlemaker
phycian, 11. 298
. .
Row 11 *= .
CunzidNkk, ?he, 11. 267
Curious dream sto 111. rgz 193
currie, III. 321, ?36; its 1-1
history, 111. 39-333; its ancient
military remaim, 111. 331; the
bridge, III.33?,333; the church,
111. 332; heritors roll of the
parish. 111. 334 : longevity of its
inhabitants, 111. 337
Cnrrie's Close, 11. 236
Currie's Tavern, I. 179
Curriehill. Lord. 11. qm
Curriehil~castle, 111: 334
Currichill How, 11. 01 '' Curses," the Union Bong, I. 164
Custom House, Granton, 111. 14
Custom House, The, Leith, 311.
171. I I, 192, 228, 259, *264, z&
CustomhouxQua ,Lath, 111.273
Cuthbert's Lane, 11: 1.38
D
DArcy, Lady Camlime, 11. ~9
?+r Lord I 274
D+y Rmirw The I. 288 2@
Dalelcish. Bot'hwelis accokdia in
Dak Bailie Duff," 11. 255
Dm-le3smurder 1.263 f11. 6 6
Dalgleish, Nicol kinis& of St.
Cuthbert's Chukh, 11.131
Dalgleish'sClose I. z q 252
Dalhousie, Earl bf, I. :s+, 11. 26,
98, 166, 318, 111. 342 ; Countess
of 11. 318
DalLouie Marquis of 111. 88
Dalkeith, hlsof.11. &, 111. d g .
282,.311
Dalkeith, 11.236, 283, zg1,327, 111.
Dalieith House 111. 146
Dalkeith railwa;, I. 384
Dalkeith Road, 11. 346, 355, 111.
Dalmeny Park, 111. III
Dalry burn, 11. 347
Dalry, Uistrict of, 11.213, 216,217,
Dalry manor-house, II.*217,III. 78
Dalry Road 11. 214 216 217 218
Dalrynple, bavid, iard'Wdthall,
Dalrymple, Hugh,LadDNmmore,
Dalrymple, Sir David, I. 17ir 172,
Dalrymple Sir Hew, 111. 262, 340
Dalrympld Sir James, 11. 327
Dalrymple: Sir John, 11. 26, 86,
Dalrymple Sir Robert, 11. 143
DalrympldofCastleton, Sir Robert,
Dalrymple of Cousland, 11. 348
Dalrymple, William, 11. 293
Dalrymple, Ca t Hugh, 11. 231
WIrymple, JoRn of, Provost, II.
Dalymple, John, Provost, 11. 282,
DalrympL of Stair I. 62 111. 323
Dalrymple, Lady, iI. 342
Ilaliymple's Yard I. 219
Dalyell Sir John braham 11. r6a
Dalyell((or Dalrell), Sir Tiomas, I.
12,334; town mansion of, 11. 19
Dancing girl, Sale of a, I. 201
6r 134, 364
51, 57
111. 27, 35, 9a
I. 222
I. 251
11. 243s 366
272, 335
I. 276
278
I1 . 36
a4 161, m, 378, 11: 75, 354, 111.
Dancing school, The first, m Leith,
Danube Street, 111. 72, 79
Darien Company, 111. 190 ; office
Darien &edition, The, 111. 190
Darien House, 11. 323, 324, *325,
Dark ageofEdinburgh, I. 187,111.
Dark Pit The I. 6g
111. 231
of the 11. 322
326
126
116, 168, m.( 107, 276, 11. 18, 27,
Queen Mary and, I. 46 ; murder
of lI.jw,71 III.~--;r,m,23;emd
l m i n g o f i i s w y , 11.71, 111.7
Dasses The 11. 313
David k., 1. ;r, ~ 2 ~ 7 8 . 148,14g, 186:
II.&,III. 86, 26 339, 346,
legendof the d ? ? Z H k , 11.21,
22, 2% 42, 111. 19; charter of
H o l y r d Abbey, 11. 42, 43, 80,
David II., I. &, zk, 11. 3, 47, 53,
9+ '3% 3=5.3=7, 33'. 338, 354
Dand's miraculous cross, King,
11. #
David's Tower, Edinburgh Castle,
1. 26, 33 34, 36,*2# 44? 4% 48,49r
77 a ~i SS
Daad.& 2 Muirhouse 111. 316
Davidson's Close. 11. zi
D-b,'Lord' 1. 45.46. 47, 50, 78,
35, ~ 8 ~ 6 % 67,G% 74,286,III. 59 ;
180 111. 1x5 166 247
. 5 6 58, 278, 3% 111- 35, 41. 421
Davidson's Hook, Ca-tle Hill, I. 55
Davidson's Mains, 111. IIO
Davit: IJeans' Cottage, 1. 383, 384,
11. 310
Dawick, Laud of, I. 1%
Dawney Douglas's Tavern, I. 235 ;
the"CrownRwm,"ib.; lintelof
dqorway is, two views, 1. 235,
236
Dawson the comedian 11.24.
~ean damnia~ family 'of, II. 134
Dean: or Dene, Village of, I. 183,
3591 111- 62,633 642 66, 67, I*
Dean Bank 111.75- theeducaUonaI
institution III. 6
Dean Bridg;, I. 10, 111. 6 3 , y 70,
71, Pkte ZJ ; Roman urn onnd
near, 1,. xo
Dean Bndge Rcad, 111. 82
Dean cemetery, I. 218, IL am, -1
111. 63, 66, 68, '6g
Dean Church 111.67
Dean Farm iII. 67
Dean Haugh I. 366 II.28qIII. 65
Dean manoAhouse: 111. *65, 68;
h a n Orphan H q i t a l , HI. SI
Dean Path 111. 67
Dean Side,'III. 67
Dean Street, 111. 77
Dean Street Church: fh. 75
Dean T e n a a 111. 72,7
Deanhaugh Sireet, Stak%ridge, 11.
Deemster '$he (executioner), 1. ?42
Defencelhss state of the Fifeshire
-3t aftertheunion, III.194,197
DefenceJ of Leith,The, 111. zgc-zg5
De Foe, Daniel I. 216 zp, 11. 79
Degraver, Dr. Pierre, 1. 1x5
Deidchack The I. I 6
Denham, S'u J&es gtewart, 111.
its owners, III.66,67
Ij8, II1. 5, 79
146, 342
Denham, the actor, I. 350
Denham's Land, 11. 324, 325
Dental Hospitaland School, 11. 276
Derby, Countess of, mistress of
Charles II., 11. zr
Desmond Earls of I. 104
Destitute' Childred, Home for, 11.
26
Devil Legend of raising the, 11. 3
nevits Elbow The I. 7'
pwar's Close: 11. 6
Diamond Beetle &se: The j r r
Sesprit of 11. 207
Dick, Sir A l h d e r , 11. 86, 111.57,
1x4
Dick, Sir James, Lord Provost, I.
Dick of Grange, The family of,
Dick fa%,, The, 111. 114
Dick, Lady Anne, Strange habits
111.
of I 254, 111. 114 (rct Royston,
Lbrd)
Dick-Cunningham family 111. 56
Dickens, Charles, in Edinburgh, 11.
Dickison of Winkston. House of
'50
Digges, 3'0 the Zomeddian, I. 34% 343,
11. 23, z4, 111. 241
Dilettanti Socie The I. 108
Dingwall, Lord,?? z62,'III. 62
Dingwall Sir John I. 340
Dingwalis Castle, f. 340, 353
Dirleton Lord, 111. 318, 348
Dirom Colonel 11. 120, 174
Dirtyklub Th; 111. 12
Disruption'of d e Scottist Church,
11. 95, 96, 138, 1441 '45, m.5, 111-
Di%nterr Various sectsof, 111. p
Distress oi the Edinburgh poor UI
Dobdl Sydney 111. 148
Dock gtreet d i t h 111. 255
Dock Place,'Leith,'lII. 259
Doctors of Faculty Club, 111. 123
Dominicanmanasre lI.z50,~8+'
Darnley's body k n d in th;
gardensof 11. 286 288
Don, Sir Aixander,' 11. 159, 111.
1795 11. 283
339
Don, Si William, the actor, I. 351
Don, Lad I1 343, 111. 95
Donacha ha; 1.136
Donaldson'a dospital, I. 318, 11.
Do~ldson's Close. I. 318
Donalds~n, Dr. James, 11. 112, 126
Donaldson, the bookseller, 1. 3x8;
Donaldson. the theatrical author. 1.
214 PMC 10
hw son Jams, 1. 18, 11.214
DOMldSOll, Capt., d. 153
343,. y 5 '
DonnibnstleCastle, I. 246,III.11~
302
Eoo Park, 111. 37
Doubling the Cap," 111. 125
Douglas, Duke of I. 105, 14a, 11.
331, 354 351; buchess of, 11.
351, 111. 124
Douglas, Marquis of, 11. 3x7
Douglas, Earls Of, 2% 30. 31r34r 3%
old mansion ofthr. 11. 257
38. 39. 4 3 43. 258, 111. 133, 338 ;
Douglag Archibald, 'Earl d-Angus,
Douglas,.&hiba?d, Marquis, I I. 350
IJou~Is, Archbald Earl uf, 11.
Provost 11. 27
331,111. 3.2
Douglas, James Marquis of 11. 351
Douglas, James, Earl of harton,
DougL, Sir Archibald, I. 196
Douglas, Sir Archubald and Si
Dounlas. Sir Georee. I. 106
I1 80
Robert, 11. 59
Douglas' Sir am& '11. 283
Douglas' Sir keil, iI. 153
Douglas: Sir Rotprt, the historian.
I. I28,II. 35,37,1I1.11gr 318,348,
301
Douglac of Brackhouse, The family
~odg~as ofcave- I. 271
Douglas ofGlenbervie, Sir Willii,
Douglas of Hawthornden 111. 27
Douglas oCHawthornden,'Sir JoL,
Douglas of Hyvelie William, 111.34
Douglas of Kilspiddie Archibald,
Provost, 11. a79, do; begs the
royal intercession, 11. 280
Douglas of Parkhead, Sir James,
1. 54 I95
Douglas of Parkhead. George, the
murderer of Rizzio, I. 9, 11. 74
235; Provost, 11. 280
Douglas Ladylsabell I 97
Douglas'pcerage, The,?. 98,349--
Douglascs and Hamiltons, Feuds
Dough? of Spott 111. 330
DouglaqofWhitt:nghame, William,
of 111. 193, 315
11. 279, 111. 53
111. 354
35'
between the, 11. 63, 279, 285
1. 259,161 ... view below Cramond Brig, 111. '317 Cramond Bridge, 11. 63, 111. 1x1 CramondChurch 111. 316 ...

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George Street.] THE BLACKWOODS. I39
CHAP,TER XIX.
GEORGE STREET.
Major Andrew Faser-The Father of Miss Femer-Grant of Kilgraston-William Blackwoad and his Magazine-The Mother of Sir Waltn
Scott-Sir John Hay, Banker-Colquhoun of Killermont-Mrs. Murray of Henderland-The Houses of Sir J. W. Gomon, Sir Jam-
Hall. and Sir John Sinclair of Ulbster-St. Andrew's Church-Scene of the Disruption-Physicians' Hall-Glance at the Histcry of thecollege
of Physicians-Sold and Removed-The Commercial Bank-Its Constitution-Assembly Rooms-Rules of 17+Banquet to Black
Watch-" The Author of Waverley"-The Music Hall-The New Union Bank-Its Formation, &c.-The Mlasonic Hall-Watsoa'E
Pictureof Bums-Statues of George IV., Pitt, and Chalmers. .
PREVIOUS to the brilliant streets and squares
erected in the northern and western portions of
new Edinburgh, George Street was said to have no
rival in the world ; and even yet, after having undergone
many changes, for combined length, space,
uniformity, and magnificence of vista, whether
viewed from the east or west, it may well be
pronounced unparalleled. Straight as an arrow
flies, it is like its sister streets, but is 1x5 feet
broad. Here a great fossil tree was found in 1852.
A portion of the street on the south side, near
the west end, long bore the name of the Tontine,
and owing to some legal dispute, which left the
houses there mfinished, they were occupied as
infantry barracks during the war with France.
Nos. 3 and 5 (the latter once the residence of
Major Andrew Fraser and cf William Creech the
eminent bookseller) forni the office of the Standard
Life Assurance Company, in the tympanum of
which, over four fine Corinthian pilasters, is a
sculptured group from the chisel of Sir John Steel,
representing the parable of the Ten Virgins. In
George Street are about thirty different insurance
offices, or their branches, all more or less ornate
in architecture, and several banks.
In No. 19, on the same side, is the Caledonian,
the oldest Scottish insurance company (having
been founded in June, 1805). Previously the
office had been in Bank Street. A royal charter
was granted to the company in May, 1810, and
twenty-three years afterwards the business of life
assurance was added to that of fire insurance.
No. 25 George Street was the residence (from
1784 till his death, in 18zg), of Mr. James Ferrier,
Principal Clerk of Session, and father of Miss
Susan Ferrier, the authoress of " Marriage," &c.
He was a keen whist player, and every night of his
life had a rubber, which occasionally included Lady
Augusta Clavering, daughter of his friend and client
John, fifth Duke of Argyll, and old Dr. Hamilton,
usually designated " Cocked Hat " Hamilton, from
the fact of his being one of the last in Edinburgh
who bore that head-piece. When victorious, he
wcdd snap his fingers and caper about the room,
to tbe manifest indignation of Mr. Ferrier, who
would express it to his partner in the words, "Lady
Augusta, did you ever see such rediculous leevity
in an auld man 7 " Robert Burns used also to be
a guest at No. 25, and was prescnt on one occasion
when some magnificent Gobelins tapestry arrived
there for the Duke of Argyll on its way to Inverary
Castle. Mrs. Piozzi also, when in Edinburgh, dined
there. Next door lived the Misses Edmonstone,
of the Duntreath family, and with them pitched
battles at whist were of frequent nightly occurrence.
These old ladies figure in " Marriage " as
Aunts Jacky, Grizzy, and Nicky; they were grandnieces
of the fourth Duke of Argyll. The eldest
Miss Ferrier was one of the Edinburgh beauties in
her day ; and Bums once happening to meet her,
while turning the corner of George Street, felt suddenly
inspired, and wrote the lines to her enclosed
in an elegy on the death of Sir D. H. Hair. Miss
Ferrier and Miss Penelope, Macdonald of Clanronald,
were rival belles ; the former married
General Graham ot Stirling Castle, the latter Lord
Belhaven.
In No. 32 dwelt Francis Grant of Kilgraston,
father of Sir Francis Grant, President of the Royal
Academy, born in 1803 ; and No. 35, now a shop,
was the town house of the Hairs of Balthayock, in
Perthshire.
No. 45 has long been famous as the establishment
of Messrs. Blackwood, the eminent publishers.
William Blackwood, the founder of the magazine
which stills bears his name, and on the model of
which so many high-class periodicals have been
started in the sister kingdom, was born at Edinburgh
in 1776, and after being apprenticed to the
ancient bookselling firni of Bell and Bradfute, and
engaging in various connections with other bibliopoles,
in 1804 he commenced as a dealer in old
books on the South Bridge, in No. 64, but soon
after became agent for several London publishing
houses. In 1S16 he disposed of his vast stock of
classical and antiquarian books, I 5,000 volumes in
number, and removing to No. 17 Princes Street,
thenceforward devoted his energies to the business
of a-general publisher, and No. 17 is to this day a
bookseller's shop. ... Street.] THE BLACKWOODS. I39 CHAP,TER XIX. GEORGE STREET. Major Andrew Faser-The Father of Miss ...

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24 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [University.
Thoma Elder : Academire Primario Gulielmo Rabertson.
Architecto, Roberto Adam."
The ranges of buildings around the inner court
are in a plain but tasteful Grecian style, and have
an elegant stone balustrade, forming a kind of
paved gallery, which is interrupted only by the
entrance, and by flights of steps that lead to the
library, museum, the Senzte Hall, and various
class-rooms. At the angles on the west side are
spacious arcade piazzas, and in the centre is a fine
statue of Sir David Brewster.
At the Treaty of Union with England, and
when the Act of Security was passed, all the Acts
passed by the Scottish Parliament, defining the
rights, privileges, and imniunities of this and the
other universities of Scotland, were fully ratified ;
but its privileges and efficiency have been since
augmented by the Scottish Universities Act,
passed in 1858, making provision for their better
government and discipline, and for the improvement
and regulation of the course of study
therein.
It is now a corporation consisting of a chancellor,
who is elected for life by the General
Council, whose sanction must be given to all internal
arrangements, and through whom degrees
are conferred, and the first of whom was Lord
Brougham ; a vice-chancellor, who acts in absence
of :he former, and who has the duty of acting as
returning officer at Parliamentary elections, an3
the first of whom was Sir David Brewster; a
rector, who is elected by the matriculated students,
and whose term of office is three years, and among
whom have been William Ewart Gladstone, Thomas
Carlyle, Lord Moncneff, Sir W. Stirling-Maxwell,
and others ; a representative in Parliament, elected
in common with the University of St. Andrewsthe
first M.P. being Dr. Lyon Playfair.
After these come the university court, which
has the power of reviewing all the decisions of the
Senatus Academicus, the attention of professors as
to their modes, of teaching, Szc, the regulation of
class fees, the suspension and censure of professors,
the control of the pecuniary concerns of the
university, " including funds mortified for bursaries
and other purposes."
This court holds the patronage of the Chair of
Music, and a share in that of Agriculture, and it
consists of the rector, the principal, and six
assessors, one of whom is elected by the Town
CGuncil.
By the Act of 1858 the patronage of seventeen
cliairs, previously in the gift of the latter body,
was transferred to seven curators, who hold office
for three years. They also have the appointment
of the principal, who is the resident head of the
college for life.
He, with the whole of the professors, constitutes
the Senate, which is entrusted with the entire administration
of the university-its revenues, property,
library, museums, and buildings, &c.; and the business
is conducted by a secretary.
The chairs of the university are comprehended
in the four faculties, each of which is presided over
by a dean, elected from among the professors of
each particular faculty, and through whom the students
recommended for degrees are presented to
the Senatus.
The following is a list of the principals elected
since 1582, all of them famoils in literature or
art :-
1585. Robert Rollock.
1599. Henry Charteris.
1620. Patrick Sands.
1622. Robert Boyd.
1623. John Adamson.
1652. Williain Colville.
1653. Robert Leighton. '
1662. William Colville.
1675. Andrew Cant.
1685. Alexander Monro.
1690. Gilbert Rule.
1703. William Carstares.
1716. William Wishart.
1730. William Hamilton.
1732. James Smith.
1736. William Wishart recunlfus.
1754. John Gowdie.
1762. Willmm Robertson.
1793. Geo. Husband Baird.
1840. John Lee.
1859. Sir David Brewster.
1868. Sir Alex. Grant, Bart.
To attempt to enumerate all the brilliant alumni
who in their various Faculties have shed a glory
over the University of Edinburgh, would far
exceed our limits ; but an idea of its progress in
literature, science, and art, may be gathered from the
following enumeration of the professorships, with
the dates when founded, and the names of the first
ho!der of the chairs.
Those of Greek, Logic and Metaphysics, Moral
and Natural Philosophy, were occupied by the
regents in rotation from 1583, when Robert Rollock
was first Regent, till 1708.
3 FmuZzy of Arts.
Humanity, 1597. John Ray, Professor.
Mathematics, 1674. James Gregory.
Greek, 1708. William Scott.
Logic and Metaphysics, 1708.
Moral Philosophy, 1708. William Law.
Natural Philosophy, 1708. Robert Stewart.
Rhetoric, 1762. Hugh Blair.
Astronomy, 1786. Robert Biair.
Agriculture, 1790. Andrew Coventry.
Theory of Music, 1839. John Thornson.
Technology, 1855. George Wilson. (Abolished 18.59.)
Sanskrit, 1862. Theodor Aufrecht.
Engineering, 1868. Iileeming Jenkin.
Commercial Economy, 1871.
Education, 1876. Simon Lnurie.
Fine Arts, 1880. Baldwin Rrown.
Gmlogr~, 1871. Archibald Geikie.
Colin Druniinoiid.
W. B. Hodgson. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [University. Thoma Elder : Academire Primario Gulielmo Rabertson. Architecto, Roberto ...

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GENERAL INDEX. 387
Rhind. David. architect. 11. 147
275, '2 6, I I t . 67 244 .
Rhmd, {anet, ToAb of, 11. 262
Riccarton, 111. 319; its loca
history, 111. 321
Riccarton House 111. 322
Richard 11. of E h a n d . 11. 2
Richardson, Messrs., tobacconists
Richardson, W.L.,theartist, 111.8:
Richmond Court 11. 338
Richmond Stree; 11. 188 333, 332
Riding School ?he 11. 1>8
Riding School'Lani, 11. 135
Riddell's Close, I. 110, 1rr,z82, ng:
Riddell's Land, I. 98, 110, 11. 9
Riddle Sir Jama 11. 187 194
Riddle's Close, Liith, 111: 226, 22(
Ri ht of sanctuary, Edinburgt
tastle deorived of the. I. 67
111. 34
, ,
Rillbank IiI. 55
Riots at ;he Cananmills, 111. 87
Risps, or ancient knockers, I. 94
237, 271, 11. 253
35'
Ristori, Madam, the actress, I
Ritchie, the sculptor, 11. 134, 147
336
Ritchie, hitch, 111. 79
Ritchie, Prof. Uavid 11. rg6
Ritchie. William. iditor of thq
Scoto;mm, I. 284
of the Scottish bank note: RE25 and 5s.. 11. 94
Rirzio, David, Murder of, I. 6, 50
92. 3173 11. 41, 58, 66,68, 70, 71
92; abude of. 11. 11,111. 361
Rivio Joseph 11. 68, 70,
Robe4 Abbot)of H~lyrood,~II. 3
Rober;[., 11. 307, 111. 35, 94, 166
Robert II., I. 26, 27. 142, 11. 3
Robeh III., I. 27, 11. 54,111. 317
Robert Bruce, I. 23,24,III. 199,34:
Robert Gourlays house, 1. 116
327,343, 348
323 338, 348.354. 362
331, 354, 355
278, 111. 32, 59, 118, 166, 315
*rao 123 &. David. the oainter. 11. 80 Robei
III. +, 83; his p;rents,lI~. 7;
78; his birthplace, 111. -77, 78
Robertson, Patrick, Lord, 11. 156
175, 191, 193, 19% zoo, 111. 126
240; Lockhart's description 0:
him, 11. I 3 ; Lockhart'sepitaph:
an him, I?. 194
Robertson, Dr., I. 101, 231, 236
271, 273, 11. 27, 194: tomb of
11. * 381. (See also the two fol
Iaving articles)
Robertson, Principal, 1. 106, 261
(See tkc $re.
11. 255, 281, 24% 293. 378, 379
111. 20, 22, 23,45.
ceding andfolrauing artider)
Robertson, the historian, 11. 168
his death, 111. 49; his materna
niece, Lord Brougham's mother
11. 168. (See the two precedizg
Robertson Memorial Estahlishec
Chutch, 111. 50
Robertson, Dr., the Leith historian
111. 167, 173, 218, 219, zzo, 222
226, zA, 229, 23r. 235, 236, 238.
239,245, 2471 249, 256, 259:
2697 2701 276
Robertson Mr I. 175
Robertsonlof zochart, George, I.
204 206
Robekson of Lude, Lieut.-General.
111. 34 ; his black Servant, ib.
Robertson, Geordie, 11. 3'6
Kcbertson, John, and the lepers,
11. I02
Robertson Mrs. Hannah reputed
grand-diughter of Chahes II.,
Robertson's Close, 11. 250, 251
Robertson's Land, I. 178
"Robin Hood,"Gameof, forbidden,
I . 116, 277 ; riot in wnsequence,
II.21,355
1. 126
"Robin Mend-the-Market," 111.
274
RobRoy, 111,9r; thesonsof,I.70;
popularity of the play of, I. 349,
350
Rob Roy's purse, 11. 87
Rohinson, Professor, 11. 86, 191
Rohinson's Land, I. 264
FWwn, the actor, I. 351
Rocheid of Inverleith, Sir James, I
Rocheid family The 111. 94
Rocheid of 1n;erleith James, 111.
95 ; his encounter d t h the Duke
of hlontaw, ib. ; his mother, ib.
111.94, 343
architect. 11. 184
5, 6
Rollinson, the comedian, I. 350
Rollo, Lord, I. 208
Rollock, Hercules, 11. 288, 289
Rullock of Pilton Peter 111. 307
Rollock Robert,' PrinApal of the
Univirsity, I1 -78,111.8,9,16,2
Roman CatholicJchapels attacked
by the mob, 11. 282
Roman Eagle Hall I. IrI
Romanism, BurleAue on 11. 289
Roman relics and coins i. 10
Roman road near Portdbello. I. 10. . . * I2
I. +I0
319
Roman urn foundnear DeanBridge,
Romieu, Paul, the clockmaker, I.
Rood Chapel, Broughton, 111. 151
Rose, Bishop Alexander, 11. 22,
Rosebery, Archibald Earl of, I.
Rosebery Earls of I. g 111. 106
Rosebery: Lord, IiI. :5, 3 5
Rosebery James Ear? of, ?I. 324:
singula; advertisement, ib.
Rosehaugh, the persecutor, 11. 331,
375
Rosehaughs Close I. 253 25
Rose Court, Georie Stree;, If. 1x8
Rosehill, DavidLord, 111. 30
ROM Street, 11. 146, 158, 159, 163,
Rose Street Lane, 11. 150
Rosebank Cemetery, 111. 89
Roseburn Howe 111. I-, 103,
*104; lintel at: III. *Io3; 111-
scriptions at, ib.
Roseburn Mqltings, 111. 102
Rosevale Place 111. 266
Roslin Castle, iII. 346, 3 , *348,
351 ; its early history, 141. 347-
s p ; the St. Clairs (Sinclairs),
111. 131
2572 11. 1042 109
96
say, D a d ) ' ;, Lords, I. 66, 11.326, 339,111.
362
Ross of Hawkhead, Lord, 111.260
Ross, John Earl of I. 247
ROSS David comedian, I. 341, 342
Koss: Walte:, the antiquary, I. 230,
Ross House 11. 338, 339
Ross Park iI. 338, 339
Rosslyn. Earls of, I. 271-273, 111.
33% 111. 71-73
349-
Rosr's Court I. 91
Ross's Towe:. or " Follv."
Rothes, Earls of, I. 159, 11. p, 218,
Rothesay, Duke of, 1. 26, 27. 142,
Rothesay, Earl of, 11. 65
Rothesay Place, 111. 62
Kothiemay, Lady, 1. 281
Rotten Row, Leith, 111. 167. 235
Kotunda The 11. 83
Roubilkk, the'sculptor I. 159
Routing Well, The, 11). 364
Row, Colonel Archibald, I. zoz ; his
wife s tomb, 1. 203
Row, the Church hiatorian, 111.260
Rowites The I. 239
Rowland Hili, the preacher, 11. 103
Roxburgh, Dukes of,I. 128,223,Il.
' 5 , '23
Roxburgh, Earls of, I. 223, 11. 3,
15,50,181,111.57; houseof 11.34
Roxburgh, Dr., botanist, IIi. 162
258
11. 47, 243. 111. 31, 32
Roxburgh Close I. 223
Roxburgh Club,'I. 375
Roxburgh parish 11. 135
Roxburgh Place 'I. 362 111 338
Roxburgh Terrice, 11. j38
Royal apartments in Holpood
Xowl dank. I. 217. 222, 24% 11.
Palace Piate 15
Fro 115, 136 170"171 *17a'
the, 1. 182
335337 *?40
*IQ) its curator 111. 98
111. 71
b y a i Bank Ciose, iI1. h 4 ; fire in
hsyal Blindksylum andschool, 11.
Royal Bo;anic Gardens, 111. gb,
Royal kircus, 11. '195, 199, *ZOI,
Royal Collegeof Physicians, I. 362,
11. 247
Royal Company of Archers 11.348
3, 354; their hall, Ii. * 3 y :
Royal Crescent 111. a6
Royal Edinbuigh Asylum, 111.
25,53
39
Royal Edinburgh Volunteers, I. 63,
Royal Exchange, The, I. 79, 183-
187, *r8 191, 228, 229, a42, 255,
11. 281 ?I]. 125 ;.plan of the, I.
* t 8 8 ; ;he Council Chamber, I.
11. 307. *377, 111. 105, 264
184, 186, Pkfc 7; back of the
Royal Exchange, Plafe 10
Royal family, Submission by the
Jacobites to the, 11. 247
Royal gardens, Holyrood Palace,
11. "65 *69, 9
Royal H~ghlanJ Society, 111. 127
Royal Horse Bazaar 11.225
Royal Hotel, 11. I&; its distinguhhed
guests, ib.
Royal Infirmary, 11. 146, 147, 28r,
282,296, 298-302, 359, 111. 114;
thenewbuilding 11.358,359,*361
Royal Institution,'The, 11. 83, 86,
88. 01. 0 2 : in 1810. 11. *84: at ..
present -11. "85 ='
Royal Lhth Volunteers, The, 111.
198, 264
burgh Castle, I. 32, 36, *68
Royal Life Guards 11. 217
Royal lodging, 0; palace, Edin-
Roval Maternitv Hosnital. 11.2'1
Royal Maternity and $impson hie-
Royal Medical S&iety, I. 123, 11.
morial Hospital 11. 362
yx.303, 111. 266, 311
Royal Riding School, 11. 334, 335
Royal Scots Grey Dragoons I. 64
Rqyal Scottish Academy, 11:86,88,
Royal Scottlsh Naval and Military
Royal Scotkh Volunteer review,
Royal Society, l h e , 11. 83, 86, 204,
89, 9x7 921, I97
Academy 11. 335
11. 320, 354. Plate 23
111. 77
~Oy.2 Terrace 11.103
Royal Terrace'Gardens, 111. 158
Royal tournaments, I. 35
Royston, Lord I. rrr,273,III.310,
311 ; eccenhc pranks of his
daughter, I. 111,135,III.11q, 312
Royston, III.308,310
Koyston Ca5tle, 111. 311
Ruddiman, Thorn=, grammarian,
I. 110, 123, 11. 291, 382, 111. 363
Ruddiman, theprinter, 11.310,III.
Ruglen, Earl of, 111. 122, 3'7
Ruins of the old Market Closeafter
Rule, Principal Gilbert, 111. 14, 16
Rullion Green, 111. p. 334. *337
Rumhold, Richard, 1. 59, 60
Runciman. the oainter. I. oz. axo.
363
the fire, I. *177.
Russell Bishop of Leith 111. 187
Russell: Rev. 'Dr. h d a e l , 111.
Russell the actor I. 350
Rutheriord, Lord: 11. 98, 174, 111.
RutAerford Sir John 11. 356
Rutherford: Alison, iI. 156
Rutherford, Andrew, 11. 156
Rutherford, Dr., the fint inventor
243
68 ITI
of gas, I. 274, 276, 11. 383; hu
nephew, Sir Walter Scott, I. 276
Rutherford the botanist 11. 1zo
Rutherford: Anne(Si WAterScott's
mother) 11. 142
Rutherfurd-Clark, Lord, 111.26
Ruthven David Lord I. 178
Ruthven: Williarn Loh I. 6 206
215, 316, 11. 66, 70, 71; II1.'174!
his dagger I. 317
Ruthven Si; Patrick, I. 52, 54, 95
Ruthven' the printer 11.18 111.271
Ruthven's Land L i d I. 5x6
Rutland Street, \I. I$, zog
Ryan, the actor, 11.23
S
Sabbath, Breaches of the, 11. 132,
Sadler Sir Ralph, 111. 154 20)
Sailin;, Early restrictions on, III.
I33
'59
ailors' Home, Leith, 111. a59
'Salamander Land," The, 1. 142
Salamander Street, Leith, 111. 239
Salisbury, Earl of I1 305
Salisbury Craigs, \. I&, 384,II. 60,
161, 303, 305, 34, 3'372 311. 111,
142
Salisbury Road 111. 55
Salmon, Charle;, the local poet, 11.
310
111. 164
Salmon Pool, The, Water of Leith,
Salt Backet The, 11. 178
Saltoun, h i d , 11. 343, 344
Fmpson's Grave,!I. 319
Sarnsou's Ribs, I. 11. 11. 312,
313
Sancto Claro, W i l l i de, 111. 35
Sanctuary Court-house, 11. 11
Sand Port Leith 111.171, 177,281
Sand PoriStreet' Leith 111. 259
Sandford Bishod 11. 1:6 111. 147
Sandford: Sir Dakel K. iI. 126
Sand-glasses, Use of, in law courts,
Sandiland, James, 111. 42
Sandilands, Sir James, I. 195, 245,
302 11. 47 65 111. 116
Sandhand's ho;e I 240
Saughton Bridge'IiI. 319, *3zo
Saughton Hall, iII. 19
Saughton House, I d . 3 9 , * 320; a
drunken brawl I11 19
Saughton Laan knd,'dl. 319
Saunders Street, 111. 76
Saxe-Coburg Place 111. 75
Schmitz, Dr.Leonhh, 11.111,III.
School House Wynd, 111.2
School Lane, 111. 28
Sciennes Court, 111. 54
Sciennes Hall 111. 51
Sciennes Hill house 111. 55
Sciennes b a n III. \4
Sciennes, The,' 111. 29, 50, 51, $2,
I. I72
81
Scott William Lord Stowell, I. 299
Scott: LordJdhn, 111. 322
Scott, Sir Gilbert, the architect, 11.
111, 213, 111. 243
Scott, Sir John, 1. 210
Scott, Sir Walter, I. 3, 7, 12, 7'. 75,
1077 '23,1% 1% 150, 1549 163.
166, 171,173, 179, 182, 211, 222, ... INDEX. 387 Rhind. David. architect. 11. 147 275, '2 6, I I t . 67 244 . Rhmd, {anet, ToAb of, 11. ...

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36 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Merchistom
captain named ScougaL
After a hard struggle, during which several were
killed and wounded, they stormed the outworks,
and set them on fire to smoke the defenders out of
the donjon keep ; but a body of the king's men
veyed to Leith, and hanged, while he had a narrow
escape, his horse being killed under him by a shot
from Holyrood Palace, Another conflict of a
more serious nature occurred before Merchiston
on the last day of the same month.
attack by firing forty guns from the Castle of Edinburgh.
The men of Scougal (who were mortally wounded)
fled over the Links and adjacent fields in all
directions, hotly pursued by the Laird of Blairquhan.
On the 10th of the subsequent June the
queen's troops, under George, Earl of Huntly, with
a small train of artillery, made another attack upon
Merchiston, while their cavalry scoured all the
fields between it and Blackford-fields now covered
with long lines of stately and beautiful villas-bringing
in forty head of cattle and sheep. By the time
the guns had played on Merchiston from two till
four o'clock p.m., two decided breaches were made
in the walls. The garrison was about to capitulate,
when the assemblage of a number of people, whom
the noise of the cannonade had attracted, was
mistaken for king's troops ; those of Huntly be,came
party of twenty-four men-at-arms rode forth to
forage. The well-stocked fields in the neighbourhood
of the fortalice were the constant scene of
enterprise, and on this occasion the foragers
collected many oxen, besides other spoil, which
they were driving triumphantly into town. They
were pursued, however, by Patrick Home of the
Heugh, who commanded the Regent's Light
Horsemen. The foraging party, whom hunger
had rendered desperate, contrived to keep their
pursuers, amounting to eighty spears, at bay till
they neared Merchiston, when the king's garrison
issued forth, and re-captured the cattle, the collectors
of which '' alighted from their horses, which they
suffered to go loose, and faught CreauZZ'iee," till succoured
from the town, when the fight turned in
their favour. In this conflict, Home of the Heugh,
Sir Patrick Home of Polwarth, four more gentle ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Merchistom captain named ScougaL After a hard struggle, during which several ...

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AFTER the royal marriage and coronation of
Tames 111. with Margaret of Oldenburg-both of
which ceremonies took place with great pomp at
Edinburgh in 1476, he unfortunately contrived to
lisgust his proud nobility by receiving into favour
many persons of inferior rank. Thus, deep and
dangerous intrigues were formed against him, and
by those minions he was soon made aware that his
brothers-Alexander Duke of Albany, and John
Earl of Mar-were forming a conspiracy against
him, and that the former aimed at nothing less than
wresting the sceptre from his hand, and getting
himself, with English aid, crowned as Alexander IV.,
King of Scotland and the Isles-a fact since proved
by authentic documents.
Instead of employing his authority as Warden of
the Marches in the repression of outrage, Albany
THE ROYAL LODGING OR PALACE, FROM THE GRAND PARADE.
I than once; he slew John of Scougal in East
Lothian; and surrounded himself with a band of
desperadoes, who at his behest executed the most
nefarious crimes.
The dark accusations under which he lay roused
at length the suspicions of the king, who ordered
the arrest of both him and Mar. Over the latter's
fate there hangs a strange mystery. One historian
declares that he died of fever in the Canongate,
under the spells of witches who were burned
therefor. Another records that he was bled to
death in Craigmillar Castle; and the singular discovery
there in 1818 of a man's skeleton built erect
into the north wall was thought to warrant the
adoption of the last account.
In 1482 Albany was committed to the Castle
of Edinburgh, a close prisoner in the hands of ... the royal marriage and coronation of Tames 111. with Margaret of Oldenburg-both of which ceremonies took ...

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the permanent and undisputed capital of Scotland.
Sorrow and indignation spread over all the realm
when the fate of James was heard, and no place
seemed to afford such security to the royal person
as the impregnable Castle of Edinburgh j thus
Queen Jane, ignorant of the ramifications of that
.conspiracy by which her princely husband was
,slain (actually in her arms), instantly joined her
.son James II., who since his birth had dwelt
there. It was then in the hands of William Baron
.of Crichton-a powerful, subtle, and ambitious
statesman, who was Master of the Household.
with every solemnity, on the 25th of March, 1437.
The queen-mother was named his guardian, with
an allowance of 4,000 merks yearly, and Archibald
the great Earl of Uouglas and Angus (Duke of
Touraine) was appointed lieutenant-general of the
kingdom. During the two subsequent years the
little king resided entirely in the Castle under the
custody of Crichton, now Lord Chancellor, greatly
to the displeasure of the queen and her party, who
found him thus placed completely beyond their
control or influence.
In short, it was no longer the queen-mother,
RUINS OF THE WELL-HOUSE TOWER. (~m a D7awifirb W ~ Z Z ~ ~ X . paton, R.s.A.)
Within forty days nearly all concerned in the
imurder of the late king were brought to Edinburgh,
where the ignoble were at once consigned
to the hangman; but for the Earl of Athol and
bother titled leaders were devised tortures worthy
.alone of Chinese or Kaffir ingenuity. Crowned
by a red-hot diadem as " King of Traitors," at the
Market Cross, after undergoing three days of un-
.exampled agonies in sight of the people and the
Papal Nuncio, afterwards Pius II., the body of the
earl was dragged nude through the streets ; it was
then beheaded and quartered.
On the assembly of the Lords of Parliament,
-their first care was the coronation of James II.,
-who was conducted in procession from the Castle
$0 the church of Holyrood, where he was crowned,
but the crafty Crichton, who had uncontrolled
custody of the little sovereign, and who thus was
enabled to seize the revenues, and surround him
by a host of parasites, who permitted neither her,
nor the Regent, Sir Alexander Livingstone of
Callender, to have any share in the government
A bitter feud was the consequence, and Scotland
again was rent into two hostile factions, a state of
matters of which the English could not, as usual,
make profit, as they were embroiled among themselves.
The queen remained with the regent at
Stirling, while her son was literally a prisoner at
Edinburgh ; but, womanlike, the mother formed a
plan of her own to outwit the enemy.
Visiting the Castle, she professed a great regard
for the Chancellor, and a desire to be with her son, ... permanent and undisputed capital of Scotland. Sorrow and indignation spread over all the realm when the fate ...

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OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. cst. Andrew Sq-
ST. ANDREW SQUARE,
The Royal Eank of Scotland.
The Scottish Provident Institution.
The British Linen Company's Rank
The Scottish Widows' Fund Office.
CHAPTER XXIII.
CHAR L 0 T T E S (2 U X R E.
Charlotte Square-Its Early Occupants-Sir John Sinclair, Bart.-Lamond of that Ilk-Sir Williarn Fettes-Lord Chief Commissioner Adam-
Alexander Dirom-St George's Church-The Rev. Andrew Thornson-Prince Consort's Memorial-The Parallelogram of the first New
Town.
CHARLOTTE SQUARE, which corresponds with that
of St. Andrew, and closes the west end of George
Street, as the latter closes the east, measures about
180 yards each way, and was constructed in 1800,
after designs by Robert Adam of Maryburgh, the
eminent architect ; it is edificed in a peculiarly
elegant and symmetrical manner, all the fasades
corresponding with each 0the.r. In 1874 it was
beautified by ornamental alterations and improvements,
and by an enclosure of its garden area, at a
cost of about d3,000. Its history is less varied
than that of St. Andrew Square.
During the Peninsular war No. z was occupied
by Colonel Alexander Baillie, and therein was the
Scottish Barrack office. One .of the earliest OCCUpants
of No. 6 was Sir James Sinclair of Ulbster, ... AND NEW EDINBURGH. cst. Andrew Sq- ST. ANDREW SQUARE, The Royal Eank of Scotland. The Scottish Provident ...

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with whom she took up her abode. After having
effectually lulled all suspicion, she affected to remember
a vow she had made to visit the White
Kirk of Brechin (according to the '' Chronicles of
Pitscottie "), and bade adieu to the Chancellor overnight,
with many tender recommendations of the
young king to his care. She set forth betimes next
morning with her retinue, and baggage borne on
sumpter horses. In one of the arks or chests
:trapped on one of these she had the young king
concealed, with his own consert. He was thus
conveyed to Leith, and from thence by water to
Stirling, where she placed him in the hands of the
Regent Livingstone, while the haughty Douglas
kept aloof, as one who took no interest in the
petty intrigues around the throne. Livingstone
now unfurled the royal standard, levied troops, and
laid siege to the Castle of Edinburgh ; but the wary
Chanceflor, finding that he had been outwitted,
pretended to compromise matters by delivering
the keys of the gates into the hands of the king,
after which they all supped together in the great
hall of the fortress. Crichton was confirmed in his
ofice of Chancellor, and the other as regent and
guardian of the royal person, a state of affairs not
fated to last long.
Livingstone having quarrelled with the queen,
she carried off the young king again, and restored
him to the custody of the Chancellor in the Castle
of Edinburgh. Under the guidance of the Bishops
of Moray and Aberdeen, then resident in the city,
a conference was held in the church of St. Giles,
' making him and his rival joint guardians, which,
from their mutual dread and hatred of the Earl of
Douglas, led to an amicable arrangement, and the
young king chose the Castle as his future place of
residence.
The great house..of. Dauglas,had naw reached
the zenith of its baronial power and pride. The
earl possessed Annabdale, Galloway, and other extensive
dominions in. the southern counties, where
all men bowed to his authority. He had the
dukedom of Touraine and lordship of Longueville
in France. He was allied to the royal family of
Scotland, and had at his back a powerful force of
devoted vassals, trained to arms, led by brave
knights, who were ripe at all times for revolt and
strife.
'' The Regent and the Chancellor are both alike
to me," said he, scornfully ; " 'tis no matter which
may overcome, and if both perish the country
will be the better ; and it is a pleasant sight for
honest men to.see such fencers yoked together."
But soon after the potent Douglas died at
Restalrig-h June, 144o-and was succeeded by
his son William, then in his sixteenth year ; and
now the subtle and unscrupulous old Chancellor
thought that the time had come to destroy with
safety a family he alike feared and detested. In
the flush of his youth and p...12, fired by the
flattery of his dependents, the young earl, in the
retinue and splendour that surrounded him far
surpassed his sovereign. He never rode abroad
with less than two thousand lances under his
banner, well horsed, and sheathed in mail, and
he actually, according to Buchanan, sent as his
ambassadors to the court of France Sir Malcolm
Fleming and Sir John Lauder of the Bass, to
obtain for him a new patent of the duchy of
Touraine, which had been conferred on his grandfather
by Charles VII. Arrogance so unwonted
and grandeur so great alarmed both Crichton and
Livingstone, who could not see where all this was
to end.
Any resort to violence would lead to civil war.
He was therefore, with many flatteries, lured to
partake of a banquet in the Castle of Edinburgh,
accompanied by his brother the little Lord David
and Sir Malcolm Fleming of Cumbernauld. With
every show of welcome they were placed at the
same table with the king, while the portcullis was
suddenly lowered, the gates carefully shut, and
their numerous and suspicious train excluded.
Towards the close of the entertainment a black
bull's head-an ancient Scottish symbol that some
one was doomed to death-was suddenly placed
upon the board. The brave boys sprang up, and
drew their swords; but a band of Crichton's
vassals, 'in complete armour, rushed in from a
chamber called the Tiring-house, and dragged
forth the three guests, despite the tears and entreaties
of the young king.
I They were immediately beheaded-on the 24th
of November, I 440-according to Godscroft, '' in
the back court of the Castle that lyeth to the west"
(where the barracks now stand); in the great
hall, according to Balfour. They were buried in
the fortress, and when, in 1753, some workmen, in
digging a foundation there, found the plate and.
handles of a coffin all of which were pure gold,
they were supposed tp belong to that in which
the Earl of Douglas was placed. Singular to say,
Crichton was never brought to trial for this terrible
outrage. " Venomous viper ! I' exclaims the old
historian of the Douglases, "that could hide so
deadly poyson under so faire showes ! unworthy
tongue, unelesse to be cut oute for example to all
ages ! A lion or tiger for cruelty of heart-a waspe
or spider for spight ! " He also refers to a rude
ballad on the subject, beginning ... whom she took up her abode. After having effectually lulled all suspicion, she affected to remember a vow ...

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274 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [High Street.
THE mansion of the Earls of Iiyndford immediately
adjoined that of the Earls of Selkirk, and the
two edifices were thrown into one to form a
Catholic chopel house, but the former gave its name
to Hyndford's Close. " This was a Scottish peergallant
Lieutenant-Colonel John Campbell, of the
Black Watch, whose memorable defence of Mangalore
from May, 1783, to January, 1784, arrested
the terrible career of Tippoo Sahib, and shed a
glory over the British campaign in Mysore. The
colonel died of exhaustion at Bombay soon after.
Upon leaving Elphinstone Court, his father resided
latterly in George Square, where he died in
June, 1801.
Midway up South Gray's Close, a tall turreted
mansion, with a tolerably good garden long attached
to it, and having an entrance from Hyndford's Close,
was the town residence of the Earls of Selkirkthere,
at least in 1742, resided Dunbar, fourth
Earl (eldest son of Basil Hamilton, of Baldoon),
who resumed the name of Douglas on his succeeding
to the honours of Selkirk. He married a
grand-daughter of Thomas, Earl of Haddington,
and had ten children, one of whom, Lord Daer, on
attaining manhood, became, at the commencement
of the French Revolution, an adherent of that
movement and a "Friend of the People;" and
deeming the article of the Union with England, on
which was founded the exclusion of the eldest sons
of Scottish peers from representing their native
country in Parlianient, and from voting at elections
there, injurious, insulting, and incorrectly
interpreted, he determined to try the question;
but decisions were given against him in the Court
of Session and House of Lords. He pre-deceased
his father, who died in 1799.
The next occupant of that old house was Dr.
Daniel Rutherford, professor of botany, and said
to be the first discoverer or inventor of gas. For
his thesis, on taking his degreesf M.D. at the
university of Edinburgh in 1772, he 'chose a
chemical subject, De Aere Mihifim, which, from
the originality of its views, obtained the highest
encomiums from Dr. Black. In this dissertation he
demonstrated, though without explaining its properties,
" the existence of a peculiar air, or new
age:" says Robert Chambers, " not without its
glories-witness particularly the third earl, who
acted as ambassador in succession to Prussia, to
Russia, and to Vienna. It is now extinct ; its
byoutme, its pictures, including portraits of Maria
gaseous fluid, to wliich some eminent modern
philosophers have given the name of azote, and
others of nitrogen."
That Dr. Rutherford first discovered this gas is
now generally admitted; ahd, as Bower remarks
in his " History of the University of Edinburgh,"
the reputation of his discovery being speedily
spread through Europe, his character as a chemist
of the first eminence was firmly established. He
died suddenly. on the 15th of December, 1819,
in his seventy-first year, and it was soniewhat remarkable
that one of his sisters died two days after
him, on the 17th, and another, the excellent mother
of Sir Walter Scott, within seven days of the latter,
viz., on the 24th of the same month, and that none
of the three knew of the death of the other, so
cumbrous were the postal arrangements of those
days. " Sir Walter Scott, who," says Robert Chambers,
'*being a nephew of that gentleman, was often
in the house in his young days, communicated to
me a curious circumstance connected with it. It
appears that the house immediately adjacent was
not furnished with a stair wide enough to allow ot
a coffin being camed down in decent fashion. It
had, therefore, what the Scottish law calls a servitude
upon Dr. Rutherford's house, conferring the
perpetual liberty of bringing the deceased inmates
through a passage into that house, and down ifs
stair into the lane," thus affording another curious
example of how confined and narrow were the
abodes of the ancient citizens. It was latterly the
priest's house of St. Patrick's Roman Catholic
church, and was beautifully restored by the late
Dr. Marshall, but is now demolished.
In Edgar's 'map of Edinburgh in 1765 the
whole space between the Earl of Selkirk's house
on the west and St. hfary's Wynd on the east, and
between the Marquis of Tweeddale's house on the
north,'nearly to the Cowgate Port on the south, is
shown as a fine open space, pleasantly 'planted
with rows of trees and shrubbery. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [High Street. THE mansion of the Earls of Iiyndford immediately adjoined that of the ...

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plead With great eloquence upon what they had
picked up from the opposite counsel. When
acting as a volunteer against the Highland army,
in 1745, he fell into the hands of Colonel John
Roy Stewart, and was nearly hanged as a spy at
Musselburgh Bridge. He was author of several
literary works; but had many strange fancies, in
which he seemed to indulge with a view to his
health, which was always valetudinarian. He had
INTERIOR OF THE JUSTICIARY COURT.*
' he used to measure out the utmost time that was
allowed for a judge to deliver his opinion; and
Lord Arniston would never allow another word tc,
be uttered after the last grain had run, and was
frequently seen to shakeominously this old-fashioned
chronometer in the faces of his learned brethren if
they became vague or tiresome. He was a jovial
old lord, in whose house, when Sheriff Cockburn
lived there as a boy, in 1750, sixteen hogsheads
young one, which followed him like a dog
wherever he went, and slept in his bed. When
it attained the years and bulk of swinehood this
was attended with inconvenience ; but, unwilling
to part with his companion, Lord Gardenstone,
when he undressed, laid his clothes on the floor,
as a bed for it, and that he might find his clothes
warm in the winter mornings. He died at Morningside,
near Edinburgh, in July, 1793.
Robert Dundas of Arniston succeeded Culloden,
in 1748, as Lord President. In his days
it was the practice for that high official to have
a sand-glass before him on the Bench, with which
Dalrymple -said : " I knew the great lawyers of
the last age-Mackenzie, Lockhart, and my OWD
father, Stair-but Dundas excels them all !" (Catalogue
of the Lords, 1767.)
Among the last specimens ot the strange Scottish
judges of the last century were the Lords Balniute
and Hermand.
The former, Claud Boswell ot Balmuto, was.
born in 1742, and was educated at the same'
school, in Dalkeith, with Henry Dundas, afterwards
Lord Melville ; and the friendship formed by the
two boys there, lasted till the death of the peer, in
May, 181 I. He always spoke, even on the Bench,
He died in 1787.
Tn the dnwing visitors are represented as looking down the stairs leading to the cells below. ... With great eloquence upon what they had picked up from the opposite counsel. When acting as a volunteer ...

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CONTENTS. vii
. CHAPTER XXXI.
PAGE ALLEYS OF THE HIGH STREET (continued).
Blackfriars Wynd-The Grant of Alexander 11.-Bothwell slays Si Williiam Stewar-Escape of Archbishop Sharpe-Cameronian Meetinghouse-
The House of the Regent Morton-Catholic Chapels of the Eighteenth Century-Bishop Hay-"No Popery" Riots-
Baron Smith's Chapel-Scottish Episcopalians-House of the Prince of Orkney- Magnificence of Earl Wdliam Sinclair-Cfudinnl
Beaton's House-The Cardinal's Armorial Bearings-Historical Assw$arions of his House-Its Ultimate Occupants-The United
IndusWSchool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . 258
CHAPTER XXXII.
ALLEYS OF THE HIGH STREET (continued).
Toddrick's Wynd-Banquet to the Danish Ambassador and Nobles-Lord Leven's House in Skinner's Close-The Fim Mint Houses-
The Mint-Scottish Coin-Mode of its Manufacture-Argyle's Lodging-Dr. Cullen-Elphinstone's Court--Lords Laughborough and
Stonefield-Lard Selkirk-Dr. Rutherford, the Inventor of Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266
CHAPTER XXXIII.
ALLEYS OF THE HIGH STREET (concluded).
The House of the Earls of Hyndford-The l'hree Rornps'of Monreith-Anne, Conntess of Balcarris-South Foulid Qosc-The "Endnrylie's
Well"-Fountain Close-The House of Bailie Fullerton-Purchase of Property for the Royal College of Physicians-New
Episcopal Chapel-Tweeddale Close-The House of the Marquis of Tweeddale-Kise of the British Linen Compmy-The Mysterious
Murder of Begbie-The World's End Close-The Stanfield Tragedy-Titled Raidenters in Old Town C h e s . . . . . . 274
CHAPTER XXXIV.
NEW STREETS WITHIN THE AREA OF THE FLODDEN WALL.
Lord Cockburn Street-Lord Cockhnrn-The Scobman Newspaper-Charles Mackren and Alexander Kussel-The Queen's Edinburgh
Rifle Brigade-St. Giles Street-Sketch of the Rise of Journalism in Edinburgh-The Edidurgk Couramt-The Dai& Review-
Jeffrey Street-New Trinity College Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
CHAPTER XXXV.
NEW STREETS WITHIN THE AREA OF THE FLODDEN WALL (ctmcluded).
Victoria Street and Terrace-The I n d i Buildings-Mechanics' Subscription Libraq-Gwrge IV. Bridge-St. Augustine's Church-Martyrs'
Church-Chamber of the Hqhlandaud Apicnltural Sodety--SheriffCourt Bddbgs a d sohitors' Hall-Johnstone Terace-St. John's
Free Church-The Church of Scotland Training Ihllege . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
CHAPTER XXXVI.
ST. MARY'S WYND.
St. Mary's Wynd and Street-Sir David Annand-St. Mary's Cisterdan Conrentand Hospital-Bothwell's Brawl in I+-T?I~ Caagate Port-
Rag Fair-The Ladies of Traquair-Ramsay's "White Horsc '' Inn-Pasqnale de Paoli-Ramsay Retires with a Fortune-Boyd's
'' White Horse" Inn-Patronised by Dr. Johnson-Improvements in the Wynd-Catholic Institute-The Oldest Doorhead in the City 297
CHAPTER XXXVII.
LEITH WYND.
Leith Wynd-Our Lady's Hospital-Paul's Work-The Wall of 1540-ItO Fall in 1854-The "Happy Land"-Mary of Gueldns-Trinity
College Church-Some Particulars of its Charter-Interior View-Decorations-Enlargement of the Establishment-Privileges of
its Ancient Officers-The Duchess of Lennox-Lady Jane Hamilton-Curious Remains-Trinity Hospital-Sir Simon Preston's
" Public Spirit "-Become a Corporation Charity-Description of Buildings-Provision for the Inmates--Lord Cockburn's Female
Pdon-Demolition of the Hospital-Other Charities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
CHAPTER XXXVJII.
T H E W E S T B O W .
%e West Bow-Quaint Ciaracter of its Houses-Its Modern Aspact-Houses of the Tunplar Knighrs-The Bowfoot Well-The Bow
Port-The Bow-head-Major Weir's Land-History of Major Thomas WeL-Personal Appearance-His Powdd Prayers-The 'I Holy
Sisters "-The Bowhead Saints-Weir's Reputed Compact with the Devil-Sick-bed Confession-ht-Search of his House--Prison
Confession-Trial of Him and His Sister Grizel-Execution-What was Weir ?-His Sister undoubtedly Mad-Terrible Reputation of
the Houw-Untenanted for upwards of a Century-Patullo's Experience of a Cheap Lodging-Weir's Land Improd Out of Existence
-Hall of the Knights of St. John-A Mysterious House-Samerville Mmsion-The Assembly Rooms--Opposed by the Bigotry of
the Times-The LPdy-Directress-Curioua Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .309 ... vii . CHAPTER XXXI. PAGE ALLEYS OF THE HIGH STREET (continued). Blackfriars Wynd-The Grant of ...

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exasperated people.
In the days of its declension, the Darien House
was abandoned to the uses of a lunatic asylum for
the paupers of the adjoining workhouse. South of
it stood a square edifice, which was latterly used for
the same purpose. In the early part of the
eighteenth century this was the mansion house of
a wealthy quaker, named Buntin (or Bontein), whose
THE CHARITY WORKHOUSE, 1820. (Afrrr SfOrCr)
occupied by several blocks of new buildings, in
making the excavations for which the labourers
found that nearly the whole area had been an
ancient and forgotten cemetery, the bones and
coffins in which lay at an average depth of six feet
below the surface.
The first Merchant Maiden Hospital was built
in 1707, on the east side of Bristo Street ; and in
Mally." To see her leave the meeting-house in
the Pleasance, all the bucks and gay fellows of
the city were wont to crowd ; but from her father's
house, at Bristo (in its last years a dispensary), she
eloped with Mr. Craig, the minister of Currie, in
the churchyard of which her tombstone still
remains.
To this latter house, as a Bedlam, a peculiarly
melancholy interest attached, as it was there
that Robert Fergusson, the iil-fated poet, died a
raving lunatic in his twenty-fourth year, in 1774,
after a contusion received by a fall down-stairs; and
when his last hours came, his piteous shrieks for his
"mother" often rang out upon the night. This
house was removed,about the same time as the
living in Denham's Land, in the same thoroughfare.
This peer was one who carried the follies
and fantastic vices of the age to such an extravagant
length as led people to doubt his sanity. During
the lifetime of his father, Earl Archibald, he had
been frequently a debtor in the Tolbooth, and on
the 28th January, 1726, was incarcerated there for
" deforcement, not, and spulzie."
In 1739 there occurs in the public journals a
singular advertisement, issued by this ornament to
the Scottish peerage, relative to the elopement of
one Polly Rich, who had been engaged by him for
a year. She is described as being about eighteen
five feet six inches high, '' fine-shap'd, blue-ey'd,
with black hair or nut-brown; all her linnen or ... people. In the days of its declension, the Darien House was abandoned to the uses of a lunatic asylum ...

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great leaders of that movement, and with cold and
hard hostility they gazed upon her wasted but once
beautifiil' features, as she conjured them in moving
terms to be loyal men and true to Mary, the girlqueen
of Scotland and of France, and touchingly
she implored the forgiveness of all. The apartment
in which she expired is one of those in the
royal lodging, within the present half - moon
battery. The rites of burial were denied her
body, and it lay in the Castle lapped in lead-till
carpets; the tables were of massive oak elaborately
carved ; the chairs of gilded leather with cushions
she had " eleven tapestries of gilded leather; right
of the ' Judgment of Paris'; five of the ' Triumph of
Virtue' j eight of green velvet brocaded with great
trees bearing armorial shields and holly branches ;
ten of cloth of gold and brocaded taffeta ; thirty
more of massive cloth of gold, one bearing the
story of the Count de Foix, eight bearing the
ducal arms of Longueville, five having the history
of King Rehoboam; four the hunts of the Unicorn;
as many more of the story of Eneis, and
EDINBURGH CASTLE, FROM THE SOUTH-WEST.
(Fa-simile 4f a Dutch Engraving fmm a Dmwing ay *don of RotUmay.) ... leaders of that movement, and with cold and hard hostility they gazed upon her wasted but once beautifiil' ...

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THE FIRST THOROUGHFARE. Leith1
THE KIRKGATE.
CHAPTER XXIII.
LEITH - THE KIRKGATE.
The Kirkgate-Eastside-Tavern Tragedy, 1691-Robed Watson-The Preceptmy of St. Anthony-Its Seal-King James's Hospital--%
Mary's Church-Destruction of the Choir-First Protestant Miniister--Cromwell's Troops-The Rev. John Logan, Miniiter.
ONE of the oldest and principal streets of Leith is
the Kirkgate, a somewhat stately thoroughfare as
compared with those off it, measuring eleven hundred
feet in length from the foot of the Walk to
the Water Reservoir (called of old The Pipes) at
the head of Water Lane, by an average breadth of
fifty feet. " Time and modern taste," says Wilson,
" have slowly, but very effectually, modified its antique
features. No timber-fronted gable now
thrusts its picturesque fapde with careless grace
beyond the line of more staid and formal-looking
ashlar fronts. Even the crowstepped gables of the
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries are becoming
the exception ; it is only by the irregularity which
still pertains to it, aided by the few really picturesque
tenements which remain unaltered, that it
now attracts the notice of the curious visitor as the
genuine remains of the ancient High Street of the
burgh. Some of these relics of former times are
well worthy the notice of the antiquary, while ... FIRST THOROUGHFARE. Leith1 THE KIRKGATE. CHAPTER XXIII. LEITH - THE KIRKGATE. The Kirkgate-Eastside-Tavern ...

Vol. 6  p. 213 (Rel. 0.34)

204 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Leith.
of May. As history records, Gordon and Arran
could not resist doing a little on their own account
to annoy the English, so they sacked Carrickfergus,
and anchored off Kyle.
Sir-Andrew Wood, with a herald, was sent to take
command of the fleet, but found that it had sailed;
so this little armada, which might have aided in the
invasion of England, was eventually destroyed by
tempests, and the magnificent Michael (which will
be described in a later chapter, in which some
voyage to Bourdeaux, or eke die, rather than be
taken."
His brother Robert was captain of the Great
MichaeZ in I 5 r I.
James IV., stirred by the discovery of America,
was early determined to create a Scottish navy, and
he went about it with all the zeal of a Peter the
Great. In 1512 he had no fewer than forty-six
ships of war ; four of these were of more than 300
tons, and two were of IOO tons. The Lion (Sir
SIGNAL TOWER, LEITH HARBOUR, 1829. (A/w S k ~ ~ . )
account will be given of Newhaven) was suffered
to rot in the harbour of Brest.
Prior to this John Barton had died of fever at
Kirkcudbright, and was buried in the churchyard
of St. Cuthbert; but he left a son named John,
who was captain of the Mav WiZloughby (English
prize), the same ship found in Leith Harbour by
the Earl of Hertford in 1544. " John-a-Barton is
not yet gone to sea," writes Sir Ralph Sadler on
the 25th October, 1543 ; " but it is told me that as
soon as the wind serveth he will go with the Mary
Willoughby and nine sail more, half merchantmen
and half men-of-war, as well furnished of men and
artillery as any ships that went from Scotland these
many years, being determined to accomplish their
Andrew Barton's ship), which was built in 1504,
was, as has beer. said, only inferior to the Greai
Harry, and the MichaeZ was the largest ship in the
world. Some of his galleys had triple banks of
oars raised over each other, and were capable of
containing each sixty inen in complete armour,
besides the rowers, who numbered to each galley
one hundred and four men. Besides the guns
interspersed between the banks of oars, they had
both artillery and small arms planted at the forecastle
and stern.
James encouraged the merchant skippers to
extend their voyages, to fully arm their vessels, to
purchase foreign ships of war, t6 import artillery,
and superintend the construction of large craft at ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Leith. of May. As history records, Gordon and Arran could not resist doing a little ...

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" Edinburgh Castle, tome and tower,
God grant thou sinke for sinne,
An that even for the black dinner
Earle Douglas got therein."
This affair instead of pacifying the country only
led to ruin and civil strife. The Douglas took arms
under James IV., Duke of Touraine and seventh
Earl of Douglas and Angus, and for a long space the
city and neighbourhood were the scene of contest
and ravage by the opposite factions. The Chancellor
remained secure in the Castle, and, to be revenged
on Sir John Forrester, who had laid waste his lands
at Crichton in 1445, he issued forth with his
troopers and garrison, and gave to fire and sword
all the fertile estates of the Douglases and Forresters
westward of the city, including Blackness,
Abercorn, Strathbroc, aid Corstorphine ; and, with
other pillage, carrying off a famous breed of
Flanders mares, he returned to his eyry.
Douglas, who, to consolidate his power had
espoused his cousin the Fair Maid of Galloway,
adding thus her vast estates to his own, and had now,
as hereditary lieutenant-general of the kingdom,
obtained the custody of the young king, came to
Edinburgh with a vast force composed of the
Crown vassals and his own, and laid siege to the
Castle, which the Chancellor defended for nine
months, nor did he surrender even to a summons
sent in the king's name till he had first seciued
satisfactory terms for himself; whfle of his less
fortunate coadjutors, some only redeemed their
lives with their estates, and the others, including
three members of the Livingstone family, were
beheaded within its walls.
The details of this long siege are unknown, but
to render the investment more secure the Parliament,
which had begun its sittings at Perth, was
removed to Edinburgh on the 15th of July, 1446.
After all this, Earl Douglas visited Italy, and in
his absence during the jubilee at Rome in 1450,
Crichton contrived to regain the favour of James
II., who haviyg now the government in his own
hands, naturally beheld with dread the vast power
of the house of Touraine.
How Douglas perished under the king's dagger
in Stirling in 1452 is a matter of general history.
His rival died at a very old age, three years
afterwards, and was interred among his race in
the present noble church of Crichton, which he
founded.
Beneath the Castle ramparts the rising city was
now fast increasing; and in 1450, after the battle
of Sark, in which Douglas Earl of Ormond de.
feated the English with great slaughter, it was
deemed necessary to enclose the city by walls,
scarcely a trace of which now remains, except the
picturesque old ruin known as the Well-house
Tower, at the base of the Castle rock. They ran
along the southern declivity of the ridge on which
the most ancient parts of the town were built, and
after crossing the West Bow -then deemed the
grand entrance to Edinburgh-ran between the
High Street and the hollow, where the Cowgate
(which exhibited then but a few minor edifices) now
stands; they then crossed the main ridge at the
Nether Bow, and terminated at the east end of
the North Loch, which was then formed as a
defence on the north, and in the construction of
which the Royal Gardens were sacrificed. From
this line of defence the entire esplanade of the
Castle was excluded. " Within these ancient
limits," says Wilson, '' the Scottish capital must
have possessed peculiar means of defence-a city
set on a hill and guarded by the rocky fortress,
there watching high the least alarms; it only
wanted such ramparts, manned by its burgher
watch, to enable it to give protection to its princes
and to repel the' inroads of the southern invader.
'The important position which it now held may be
inferred from the investment in the following year
of Pntrick Cockburn of Newbigging (the Provost
of Edinburgh) in the Chancellor's office as governor
of the Castle, as well as his appointment, along
with other commissioners, after the great defeat of
the English at the battle of Sark, to treat for the
renewal of a truce." It seemed then to be always
'' truce " and never peace !
In the Parliament of 1455 we find Acts passed
for watching the fords of the Tweed, and the
erection of bale-fires to give alarm, by day and
night, of inroads from England, to warn Hume,
Haddington, Dunbar, Dalkeith, Eggerhope, and
Edinburgh Castle, thence to Stirling and the north
-arrangements which would bring all Scotland
under arms in two hours, as the same system did
at the time of the False Alarm in 1803. One
bale-he was a signal that the English were in
motion; two that they were advancing; four in a
row signified that they were in great strength. All
men in arms westward of Edinburgh were ta
muster there ; all eastward at Haddington ; and
every Englishman caught in Scotland was lawfully
the prisoner of whoever took him (Acts, 12th Pal.
James 11.). But the engendered hate and jealousy
of England wopld seem to have nearly reached its
culminating point when the 11th Parliament of
James VI., chap. 104, enacted, ungallantly, "that
no Scotsman marrie an Englishwoman without the
king's license under the Great Seal, under pain of
death and escheat of moveables." ... Edinburgh Castle, tome and tower, God grant thou sinke for sinne, An that even for the black dinner Earle ...

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386 OLD AND NEW' EDINBURGH.
'Plague in Leith, The 111. 180,186
Plainstane's close ~ i . 235
Playfair, Dr. Lyo;, 111. 24
Playfair, Professor, 1. 339, 11.106,
1% 1p,z70' monument to,II.rro
Playfaii, W. H., architect, I. 379,
11. 83 88, 97, 106, 110, 2x41 335,
111. ;3, 68, 83
Playhouse Close 11. 23
Pleasance, he, i. 38, 253,278,295.
298, 335, 382-384, 11. 3, 218 135,
240, 301, 3247 330, 337, 3383 345,
111.54 ; origin of thename, I. 382
Plewlands, The, 111. 42
Pocketsleve 111.92
PokerCluh ?he, I . ~ O , Z ~ T , I I I . I ~ ~
Police of Ehinburgh, 11. 120
Police Office, I. 242
Political unions. Illegality of the, . - -
11. 236, 237
Pollok. Robert. 11. ICO
Polton Lord iII. 3;6
PolwAh d d y 11. aog
Pont, dkrt, dinister of St. Cuthbert's
Church 11. 131 I 2
Pont, Robert, hrovost 'o?Trinity
Pontheus, John, the quack doctor,
Poole's Coffee-house, 11. xza
Popular songs of 1745, I. 325
Port Hopetoun, 11.~15~226 ; Edinbur
h Castle from, 11. *a16
Port .ft. Nicholas, 111. 171
Portmus Captain I. 130 111.262
263 ; hHnged b;the mdb, I. 130:
College, 1.305, 307
I. zoo, 201
~. z3i, 11. 2 I, 232
Porteous john, herald painter,
111.4:
Porreou~ riots I. 4 123, 128-1 I
178, 218, 3:g; h n t i n g ~f t2:
111. III .___ ._
Portland, Henrietta Duchess of,
Portland,'Duke of, 111.42
Portland Place 11. zza
Portobello, I. h3, 111. 138, 143-
154165; Romanroadnear I. 10,
fro; view of Portobed, III.
:IN, *152, *r53: plan of, 111. . 147: churchesandchawls. 111.
II.rg1 111.42
- .
147; * 153
Portobello Hut. 111. IM
Portobello review lhe' '111. 146
Portobello Koad '111. ;38
Portobello Sand; 111.145, Plate p
Rortsburgh CO& House, 11. *=I. -
2=4
Porbburgh, The Eastern, I. 3 8 , k
l p , I I . 222 224 226 227,22gr 334
33s ; anciehtly H htirgh, 11. 103
Post Office, The old, I. 274 338,
*356; the new I. 340, 351, 353,
*357,358.364; ;he Scottishpostal
system, I. 353- 58 : itsexpenses
at various periJs, I. 355,356; its
posf-ten 1.354,355,39; the
vanous po&office buildings, I.
358
Post Office Close, I. 358
Potato, The introducer of the, 11. p
Potterrow, The, 1. p, 335,II. 135,
231, =4=r 274. 327, 330, 33% 332,
Potterrow ort, 11. 257, 334 331,
111.3
Poulterer The King's 111.66
Poultry AndS. Dean,'III. 65, 66
Poultry Market The old I. 373
Powburn, The ' 11. 267 ' 111. 29
I 58; its otier names:
Powburn House 111. 51
Powderhall III:88 8g *g3
Powrie, di1liaq 'ac<ornplice ot
Bothwell in the murder of Darnley,
1. 263, 276, 111. 4, 6
Prayer, An ambiguous, 11. 133
Preaching Friar's Vennel, The, I.
Preaching Window," Knox'r
house, I. 214
3331 3 3 4 , p 345, 111. 51
81.:; '
'( p7,258
Pre-historic Edinburgh, I. 9-14
Prendergast's revenqe, 11. 52, 53
.Prentice, Henry, the introducer 01
Presbyterian Church, Re-establish.
.Preston, John, Lord Fentonbams,
the potato, 11. 30
ment of the, 11.246
-1.206 -
Preston, Sir Michael, I. q
&ton of Craigmillar Provost Sir
?reston of Craignillar. Sir Richard.
Henry, 11. 242, 278,'III. 61
111.61
?reston of Craigmillar, Provost Sir
Simon, I. w, 305, 11.279.111.
58, 59, 61, 62, 107
'reston of Valleyfield, Sir Charles,
11. 26, 335
326, 330. ,331: 332.
?reston, Lieut.-General, I. 322,323.
?redon relic, bt. Giles's Cathedral,
I. 140
?restonAeld manor-house, 111. *56,
57, 58
?restongrange, Lord, 11.242, 272,
111.10
?restonpans, 11. 283 16,.340, 111.
IM, 174, a63; the' ishermen of,
111. 300 ; battle of (see Battles)
?reston Street, 111. 50
?retender, Defence of the, 111.194
?rice, Sir Magnus, 1. 117
?nestfield or Prestonfield, I. 3 2 6 3 .
Primrose, Viscount, I. m3,II. 124;
Primrose, Si Archibald, I. 91,111.
?rimrose Lady Dorothea, I. 257
Primus 'khe title 11. 246
Prince 'Anne of benmarks Dragoons
I. 64
Prince kharley's house, Duddmgston
11. *317
Princ;Consort, The, I. 358,II. 79;
memorial to, 11. 175, '77, a84
PrinceofWales, Marrageof, 11.284
Prince of Wales's Graving Dock,
Leith, 111. 286, q8g
358, 3647372r 11- 93, 95, 99s 100,
14, 1x0, 114, 117, 118, 119-130,
176, 182, 191 no6, zog, ?XI, 213,
372, 383,111.'146, 295 ; view from
Scott'smonument, 11.*124: view
looking west, 11. * '25
hinale, Andrew Lord Haining, I.
315, III.5p
Viscountess, I. 104
I06
Princes Street, I.39,a55,295, 339.
131,136, 139, 151, 163, 165, 175,
27;
Pringle, Sir Walter, I. 1%
Pringle, Thomas 11. 140
Pringle of Stichel, Colonel, 111.45;
Printed, Number of, in Edinburgh
Printing-press, The first, in Scot-
Prison& of 'war in Edinburgh
Privy C&ud, Imd Keeper of the,
Proctor John thecartoonist,III. 82
Project' for :urprising Edinburgh
Promisc;ous dancing, Presbyterian
Property Investment Society, I. 123
Protestant Institute, I. zg , 11. z6a
Provost of Edinburgh, Salary and
privileges of the, 11. 281, 111.
270; his first appearance in official
decorations, 11. 282
Provost Stewart's Land. West Bow,
Lady 11. 163
in 1779, I. 318
land I. 142 255
Castle 11. a48
1. 370. 372
Castle I. 67
abhorrence of, I. 315
I. 325
Provosts of Leith, The, 111. q,
Provat's Close, 11. 277
Provost's House. Kirk+f-Field,
219, zm, 270
111.3
Publicopinionin Edinburgh, Weak.
ness of formerly I. 285
PuirFolks'Purses:The,I. 138, 11.6
Pulteney, Sir ames 1. 106 '' Purging *' o/ the Scottish army,
Furitan g&ner,Anecdote ofa, 1.56
Pye, Sir Robert, 111. 260, 261
111. 186 187
Q
Quadrangle, The, Holymod Palace,
Quality Street. Leith, III.2~1,235,
11. '76
. .
Q,';?ity Wynd, Rotten Row, Leith
Quarry Holes, The, 11. 101, zw
Queen Mary (sec Mary Stuart)
111. 173
111. 128, 133, 151
Queen Mary's Apartments, Holyrood
Palace 11. 66, * 67, 74 ; h u
bedchambei, ib.
Queen Mary's Bath, 11. 40, 41
!&.en Mary's Bower, Moray
House 11. *32 33
&een Mary's r&m Dungeon in
Edinburgh Castle below, I. *ZI,
,R
Q&en Mary's room, Rmeburn
House, 111. 103
Queen Mary's sundial 11. 68, 73
Queen Marys tree i1. 316; her
pear.tree, Mercdiston Castle,
Plate 26 ; her tree at Craigmillar
Castle 111. 59 *60 . Queen itreet, iI. 115, 151-158,
*16o 162 175 186 18 ,194, 199,
Que& d e e t Gardens, 11.185~194.
&eenptreet, k i t h , III.r73,qo,
Queen's Dock Leith 111. 283 285
Queen's Drivi, The, \. XI, 11.'303.
ZW ;U2 d83, iI8, i72, III. 74,106
am
ueen Street Hall 111. 88
231, 232
312
Brigade, 1. 286
the, Ptate 23
turret near the I. * 49, 78
11. 17
Queen's Edinburgh Rifle Volunteer
Queen's Park, Volunteer review in
Queen.s Post, Ancient postern and
Queen's Theatre k d Opera Houl,
Queen $ctoria'svisit to Edinburgh,
11. 354, 362
Queensberry, Duke of, I. 162. 164,
11. 8, 35, 38, 225, 226, 351, 111.
Queensberry Duchess of I 155,
11. 37 ; herleccentric habh,.II. 38
Quernsbeny Earl of, 11. a53
Queensberry'House, Canongate, I.
1058 1'55, 327. 11. 10, 357 36, 37,
38; its present use, 11. 38
Queensberrv Lodge, 11. 38
Queensferry, I. 16, 19,II. 101. I!I.
Q u e e n 2 4 Road, 11. 115,185,sm,
Qneensferry Street, 11. 136
Qqhitncss John of, Provost, 11.278
Quince? +hornas de, 11. 135, 140,
246, 265,365
63,211, 306,307,314 ; theherrug
fishe at 111. p
207, 111. 255 - II.74,359
R
Rae Sir David 11. 26 203
~ a e l Sir Wildm 11. ;27, III. 33c
Rae: Lady, !I. &, 339
&burn, Sir Henry, I. 119, 159,
a y , 384, 11. 88, go. gz, xzz,1z6,
his stepdaughter, 111. 77
Hadical Road," The, 11. II
I. 285
11. 188
187. 188, 111. 7lr 74, 6, 77, 140;
Raeburn Place, 111.79
Railston Bishop of Dunked, 11.54
Railway;, their influence foreseen,
Ramsay, Allan (see Allan Ramsay:
Ramsay, Allan, the painter, 1. 83,
Ramsay, Sir Alexander 11. 206
Ramsay, Sir Alexander,'Provost, I.
Ramsay of Dalhousie. Sir Alex.
y s Close, 11. I8
'99
ande;, I. 24, 25, 111.354, 355
Ramsay of Abbotshall, Sir Andrew.
I. 311, 11. 74 ; Lord Provost, 11.
,281
Ramsay, Sir George I. 162
Ramsay, Sir John, IiI. 42
Ramsay of Balmain, Sir John, 11.
Ramsay, Sir William 11. 166
Ramsay of Dalhousii, Sir W i l l i i
239
111.94
Ramsay, William, banker, 11. 362
111. 124
Ramsay, Cuthbert, I. 258
Ramsay Dean 11. 126, 205, 206
portrait of, 1;. * 128
Ramsay, Duel between Sir Georgq
and Capt. Macrae, 111. 13-14,
Ramsay, General John, I. 83, I1
I28
camsay, Lady, and Capt. Macrae,
<amay Lady Elizabeth 111.32
Zamsay: Miss Christian,'her fondcamsay,
The Misses, 111. 138
camsay Garden, I. 83, 11.82 ; view
camsay Lane, 1. 87. 91
camsay Lane, Portp,bello 111. *153 <amsnpS, Peter, White Horse
<am$y's Fort, Leith, 111. 171
tandolph Earl of Moray 11.47
candolph' Sir Thomas ; successful
re-captlre of the Castle by, 1. 24
candolph Cliff, 111. 70,75. f'tate 28
candolph Crescent, I. 237, 11. 11.5,
ZW, 2057 2071 20% 209
bnkeillor Street 11. 39
cankenion Club,'The, 11.180
lavelrig, 111. 334
tavelrig Hill, 111. 331
<avelston, I. 331, Ill. 79, 106
tavelston House 111. 106, 108
<wen's Craig ri. 307
<awdon Lad;Elizabeth, 11. 18
<ay Jdhn rectur of the high
Sc~ool, Ii. 290
<eade,Charles, thenovelist, 111.303
ieay George Lord II. 272, 111.8
<ay: Lady ElLabTeth Fairlie, 12
tecord of Entails, I. 372
cedbraes manor-house, 111. 88, 89. * 93. its changes, 111. p ' !&gauhet," References to, 11.
<edhallCastle, 111.313; themanor
tedheughs, 'I he 111. 114,31g,33r
<ed House The' 11. 330
teed. Robert. K'inp's architect. 11.
111. 139--14I
ness for cats, 11. 18
from Princes Street, Pidr 17
Inn ' 1. zgg
272, 346
270
house, 11.43
R&rig, KLdS of, 111. 134, 135,
Restalrig Lwh, 111. 13
Keston Lord, 11. 199
Restodtion festivals 11. 334
Restoration of Cha;les II., Popularity
of the, I. 55, '59, 176, 11.
334
Restoration of James VII., Plots
for the I. 66
Review dfScottish Volunteers, 1860,
11. 284.354 ; Plate 23
RevoliitionClub,The, 111. s a 3 ; i t ~
meLI, I. *63 .
168 ... OLD AND NEW' EDINBURGH. 'Plague in Leith, The 111. 180,186 Plainstane's close ~ i . 235 Playfair, Dr. Lyo;, ...

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35s OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [North Bridge.
amounted to twenty-three persons, including lettercarriers.
Ten years afterwards thirty-one were
required, and in 1794 the Inland Office, including
the letter-carriers' branch, consisted of twenty-one
persons.
The Edinburgh Post-office, for a long time after
its introduction and establishment, was conducted
solely with a view to the continuance and security of
the correspondence of the people, and thus it
frequently had assistance from the Scottish Treasury;
and if we except the periods of civil war, when a
certain amount of surveillance was exercised by the
Government, as a measure of State security, the
office seems to have been conducted with integrity
and freedom from abuse.
In 1796, Thomas Elder of Forneth, at one time
Lord Provost, was Deputy Postmaster-General; in
1799 and 1802, William Robertson, and Trotter,of
Castlelaw, succeeded to that office respectively.
It was held in 1807 by the Hon. Francis Gray,
afterwards fifteenth Lord Gray of Kinfauns ; and
in 1810 the staff amounted to thirty-five persons,
letter-carriers included.
In April, 1713, the Post-office was in the first
flat of a house opposite the Tolbooth, on the north
side of the High Street-Main's shop, as we have
stated. At a later period it was in the first floor
I ~ t ' a house near the Cross, above an alley, to which it
gave the name of the Post-ofice Close. From thence
it was removed to the Parliament Close, where its
internal fittings were like those of a shop, the letters
were dealt across a counter, and the whole out-door
business of the city was conducted by one lettercarrier.
After being for a time in Lord Covington's
house, it was removed to one already mentioned
on the west side of the North Bridge, and from
thence to a new office (now an hotel) on the Regent
Bridge in 1821. For ten years before that period
James twelfth Earl of Caithness was Deputy Postmaster-
General ; and in the year preceding the removal
there, the Edinbzcrgh WeeklyJournaZ says, that
by order of the Depute Lyon King of Arms, and
the Ushcr of the White Rod, the new coat of the
royal arms of Britain, put thereon, was torn
down and removed, "as derogatory to the independance
of Scotland," Le., wrongly quartered, giving
England precedence. Another and correct coat of
arms was substituted, and remained there till the
present building was erected.
In 1823, Sir David Wedderburn, Bart., of Ballendean,
was appointed Postmaster-General of
Scotland, an office afterwards abolished.
In 1856 the establishment on the Regent Bridge
consisted of 225 officials, of whom 114 were lettercarriers,
porters, and messengers, and the average
number of. letters passing through arid delivered
in Edinburgh daily was estimated at 75,000. The
nuniber of mail-bags received daily was 5x8, and
the number despatched 350. The amount of money
orders issued and paid showed a sum of A;1,758,079
circulating annually through the department in
Scotland.
On the 23rd of October, 1861, the foundationstone
of the new General Post-office was laid, on
the east side of the North Bridge, by the late
Prince Consort, amid much state and ceremony,
the letter-carriers, all clad for the first time in blue,
in lieu of their old scarlet, being drawn up in
double rank within the galleries which occupied the
site of the old Theatre and which were crowded
by a fashionable audience. This was almost the
last act of Prince Albert's public life, as he died
two months subsequently. At his suggestion the
crowning row of vases was added to the fapde.
As finished now, it stands behind a pavement
of Caithness slabs forty-three feet broad, and is
from designs by the late Mr. Robert Matheson, of
H.M. Board of Works in Scotland. Built of fine
white stone from Binny quarry, in the neighbourhood
of the city, its style of architecture is a
moderately rich Italian type. It presents an
ornamental main front of 140 feet to Princes
Street, and another equally ornamental front, or
flank, of 180 feet to the North Bridge, with a rearfront,
which is also ornate, of ~qo'feet, to the deep
valley where once the North Loch lay.
The flank to the Waterloo Place Buildings is
somewhat plainer than the others, and measures
160 feet. The edifice rises in the central part of
each of these three ornamental fronts, to the height of
two stately storeys above the street level, and has
at the corners wings, or towers, a storey higher, and
crowned with rows of massive and beautifully
sculptured vases. On the south front it descends
to the depth of 125 feet from the summit of
these towers, and thus presents a very imposing
appearance.
This. office, the chief one for all Scotland, cost,
including the site, Ar 20,000, and was first opened
for business on the 7th of May, 1866. The entire
staff, from t4e Surveyor-General downwards, consisted
in 1880 of 429 persons; whose salaries,
wages, and allowances, amounted to A38,427.
Connected, of course, with the head office, there
were in Edinburgh, Leith, and the suburbs, in
1880, receiving-offices and pillar-boxes."
. . -
"By a Government return it appears that in 1880 there pased
through the Scottish Post-ofice 101,948,goo letters, 1z,z84,700 post-cards,
zn,14o,goo book-parcels, and 14,570,700 newspapers In the same year,
the average number of letters delivered to each perran in the population of
the three kingdoms was 35 in England, d in Scotland,and 13" Ireland. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [North Bridge. amounted to twenty-three persons, including lettercarriers. Ten years ...

Vol. 2  p. 358 (Rel. 0.32)

272 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. IArgyle square.
Many professors succeeded Blair as tenants of
the same house; among them, Alexander Chris
tison, Professor of Humanity, between 1806 and
1820, father of the great chemist, Professor Sir
Robert Christison, Bart.
In the north-western extremity of the square
was the mansion of Sir George Suttie, Bart. of
that ilk, and Balgone in Haddingtonshire, who
married Janet, daughter of William Grant, Lord
the two squares which was described as prevailing
in their amusements-tea-drinking and little fetes.
at a time when manners in Edinburgh were starched,
stately, and old-fashioned, as the customs and ideas.
that were retained, when dying out elsewhere.
On the east side of this square was the old
Trades Maiden Hospital, a plain substantial
edifice, consisting of a central block, having a great
arched door, to which a flight of steps ascended,
OLD HOUSES, SOCIETY, 1852. (From a Drawing by Gewp U'. Sim~o#.)
Prestongrange ; and here also resided his son, Sir
James, who, in 1818, succeeded his aunt, Janet
Grant, Countess of Hyndford, as heir of the line
of Prestongrange, and assumed thereby in consequence
the additional name and arms of Grant.
Their neighbour was Lady Mary Cochrane,
dwghter of Thomas sixth Earl of Dundonald, who
died unmarried at an old age.
In 1795 among the residents in -4rgyle Square
were Sir John Da!rymple, the Ladies Rae, Sutton
(dowager), and Reay, Elizabeth Fairlie (dowager of
George Lord Keay, who died in 1768). Isolated
from the rising New Town on the north by. the
great mass of the ancient city, and viewing it with
a species of antagonism and rivalry, we may well
imagine the exclusiveness of the little coteries in
and wings, with a frontage of about 150 feet. It
was intended for the daughters of decayed trades
men, and was a noble institution, founded in 1704
by the charitable Mrs. Mary Erskine, the liberal
contributor to the Merchant Maiden Hospital, and
who was indeed the joint foundress of both.
In 1794 fifty girls were maintained in the
hospital, paying AI 13s. 4d. on entrance, and receiving
when they left it a bounty of ;E5 16s. 69d.,
for then its revenue amounted to only A600 per
annum. In the process of making Chambers
Street this edifice was demolished, and the institution
removed to Rillbank near the Meadows.
It stood immediately opposite Minto House, a
handsome and spacious edifice on the north side
of the square, forty-five feet square, on the slope ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. IArgyle square. Many professors succeeded Blair as tenants of the same house; among ...

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Hogg was born on a farm near Ettrick Forest in Selkirk and baptized there on December 9. He had little education, and became a shepherd, living in grinding poverty hence his nickname, The Ettrick Shepherd. His employer, James Laidlaw of Blackhouse, seeing how hard he was working to improve himself, offered to help by making books available. Hogg used these to essentially teach himself to read and write (something he had achieved by the age of 14). In 1796 Robert Burns died, and Hogg, who had only just come to hear of him, was devastated by the loss. He struggled to produce poetry of his own, and Laidlaw introduced him to Sir Walter Scott, who asked him to help with a publication entitled The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border. In 1801, Hogg visited Edinburgh for the first time. His own collection, The Mountain Bard, was published in 1807 and became a best-seller, allowing him to buy a farm of his own. Having made his name, he started a literary magazine, The Spy, and his epic story-poem, The Queen's Wake (the setting being the return to Scotland of Queen Mary (1561) after her exile in France), was published in 1813 and was another big success. William Blackwood recruited him for the Edinburgh Magazine, and he was introduced to William Wordsworth and several other well-known literary figures. He was given a farm by the Duke of Buccleuch, and settled down there for the rest of his life.

Hogg had already made his reputation as a prose writer with a practical treatise on sheep's diseases; and in 1824 his novel, The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner, was another major success. He became better known than his hero, Burns, had ever been.

Today, Hogg's poetry and essays are not as widely read as in his contemporary era. However "Justified Sinner" remains important and is now seen as one of the major Scottish novels of its time, and absolutely crucial in terms of exploring one of the key themes of Scottish culture and identity: Calvinism. In a 2006 interview with Melvyn Bragg for ITV1, Scottish novelist Irvine Welsh cited Hogg, especially "Justified Sinner" as a major influence on his writing.


[edit] Other works
The Forest Minstrel (1810) (poetry) 
The Pilgrims of the Sun (1815) (poetry) 
Brownie of Bodsbeck (1817) (novel) 
Jacobite Reliques (1819) (collection of Jacobite protest songs) 
The Three Perils of Man (1822) (novel) 
The Three Perils of Woman (1923) (novel) 
Queen Hynde (1925)) (poetry) 
Songs by the Ettrick Shephard (1831) (songs/poetry) 
The Brownie of the Black Haggs (1828) (short story/tale) 
The Domestic Manner and Private Life of Sir Walter Scott (1834) ("unauthorised" biography) 
Tales and Sketches of the Ettrick Shepherd (1837)[1] 

[edit] Footnotes
^ Bibliographic information from:Bleiler ... was born on a farm near Ettrick Forest in Selkirk and baptized there on December 9. He had little education, ...

Vol. 1  p. ix (Rel. 0.3)

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One of her chief intimates was the unfortunate
Lady Jane Douglas of Grantully, the heroine of
the long-contested Douglas cause. She
contemplated the approach of her own
death with perfect calmness, and in
anticipation of her coming demise had
all her grave-clothes ready, and the ,
turnpike stair whitewashed. When
asked by her only son, Archibald
(before mentioned), if she wished to
be put in the family burial vault at
Beaufort, in Kilmorack, she replied, I
Indeed, Archie, ye needna put your- '
sel' to any fash aboot me, for I
carena' though ye lay me aneath that ,
hearthstane."
She died in her house at the Wynd
head, in 1796, in the eighty-sixth
year of her age. The old Scottish
&ling-pin of her house door is now
preserved in the Museum of the '
Scottish Antiquarian Society.
Lovat, who died a Lieutenant-General
in 1782, was a man of irreproachable
character, who inherited nothing of
old Lovat's nature but a genius for
Her stepson, Sirnon, Master of TIRLISO-PIN, FKOM LADY
LOVAT'S HOUSE, BLACKFRIARS
WYND.
(From *hsco*tish M?,srum.)
service in America. The rapidity with which the
ranks of previous Highland regiments, raised by
making fine speeches. He raised the Fraset
Highlanders, or old 71st regiment, which was
disbanded in 1783, after a career of brilliant
the bloody brawl between the Earl of Bothwell
and Sir William Stewart of Monkton.
Between these two a quarrel had taken place in
him in 1757, were filled by Frasers,
so pleased George III., that on the
embodiment of the 71st he received
from the king a free grant of his
family estates of Lovat, which had
been forfeited by his father's attainder
after Culloden.
At the first muster of the 71st in
Glasgow, an old Highlander, who had
brought a son to enlist, and was looking
on, shook the general's hand with that
familiarity so common among clansmen,
and said, " Simon, you are a good
soldier, and speak like a man ! While
you live old Simon of Lovat will never
die "-alluding to his close resemblance
personally to his father, the
wily old lord of the memorable "Fortyfive."
Blackfriars Wynd, which has now
become a broad street, has many
a stirring memory of the great and
powerful, who dwelt there in ages
past j hence it is that Sir Alexander
Boswell wrote-
" What recollections rush upon my mind,
Of Lady Stair's Close and BZackfk'ws Wynd!
There once our nobles, and here judges dwelt ."
CHAPTER XXXI.
ALLEYS OF THE HIGH STREET (continued:.
Blackfriars Wynd-The Grant of Alexander 11.-Bothwell slays S'r Williiam Stem-Escape of Archbishop Shar&Cameronian Meeting
house-The House of the Regent Morton-Catholic Chapels of the Eighteenth Century-Bishop Hay-" No Popery *' Riots-Baron
Smith's Chapel-Scottish Episcopalians -House of the Prince of Orkney- Magnificence of Earl William Sinclair-Cardinal Beaton's
House-The Cardinal's Armorial Bearing-Historical Associations of his HouscIts Ultimate Occupants-The United Industrial School.
A BROAD $end (AngZic6 archway), leading through
the successor to the tenement in which Lady Lovat
dwelt, gave access to the Blackfriars Wynd, which,
without doubt, was one of the largest, most important,
and ancient of the thoroughfares diverging
from the High Street, and which of old was named
the Preaching Friar's Vennel, as it led towards the
Dominican monastery, or Black Friary, founded
by Alexander II., in 1230, on the high ground
beyond the Cowgate, near where the Old Infirmary
stands. The king gave the friars-among
whom he resided for some time-with many other
endowments, a grant of the whole ground now
occupied by the old wynd and modern street, to
erect houses, and for five centuries these edifices ... of her chief intimates was the unfortunate Lady Jane Douglas of Grantully, the heroine of the long-contested ...

Vol. 2  p. 258 (Rel. 0.3)

throne would ensure their total destruction, yet
he escaped them. Aware that a day of trial was
coming, and terrified by the unknown fate of Mar,
some of his numerous friends contrived to acquaint
him that in the Roads of Leith there lay a small
vessel laden with Gascon wine, by which he might
and also a strong rope, with a waxen roll
enclosing an unsigned letter, urging, "that he
should lose no time in escaping, as the king's
minions had resolved that he should die ere the
' morrow's sun set," but that the boats of the French
vessel would await him at the harbour of Leith.
EDINBURGH CASTLE IN 1647. (From Gmda o/ Rofhiemuys Mu#.)
U, the Castle; 6, the Castle ChapeL
escape if he made an effort. It is supposed that
he was confined in David's Tower, for we are told
it was one that arose from the northern verge of
the rock, where the height of the precipice seemed
to preclude the possibility of escape. He had
but one attendant (styled his chalmerchield) left
to wait upon him, and to this follower he revealed
his intention. From the vessel there came to
him two small runlets said to contain wine, and
they were camed to his apartment unexamined,
The duke found that they contained malvoisie,
U b,.
To lull suspicion, Albany invited the captain of
the guard and three of his principal soldiers to sup
with him, and all these he succeeded in partially
intoxicating. They sat drinking and gaming until
the hour grew late ; and then the royal duke found
that the moment of fate had come !
Snatching the captain's long dagger from his
baldrick, Albany buried it again and again in his
glittering breast ; he despatched the intoxicated
soldiers in the same fashion, and, in token of his
hostility, with the assistance of his chalmer-chield
castle rock
castles
: ... would ensure their total destruction, yet he escaped them. Aware that a day of trial was coming, and ...

Vol. 1  p. 33 (Rel. 0.3)

smaller cross was raised, " In memory of Colonel
Kenneth Douglas Mackenzie, C.B., who served for
forty-two years in the 92nd Highlanders-who saw
much of service in the field, and deserved well of
his country in war and in peace. . . . Died on
duty at Dartmoor, 24th August, 1873."
On the green bank behind the duke's statue is a
Two relics of great autiquity remain on this side
of the Castle bank-a fragment of the secret
passage, and the ruins of the Well-house tower,
which, in 1450, and for long after, guarded the
pathway that led under the rock to the church oi
St. Cuthbert. Within the upper and lower portion
of this tower, a stair, hewn in the living rock, was
EDINBURGH CASTLE, FROM THE KING'S MEWS, 1825. (AfterEw6ank.)
very curious monumental stone, which, however,
can scarcely be deemed a local antiquity-though
of vast age. It was brought from the coast of
Sweden by Sir -4lexander Seton, of Preston, many
years ago. On it is engraved a serpent encircling a
cross, and on the body of the former is an inscription
in runes, signifying-
ARI ENGRAVED THIS STONE I q MEMORY
OF HIALM, HIS FATHER.
.
GOD HELP HIS SOUL!
found a few years ago, buried under a mass of
rubbish, among which was a human skull, shattered
by concussion on a step. Many human bones lay
near it, with various coins, chiefly of Edward I. and
Edward 111. ; others were Scottish and foreign.
Many fragments of exploded bombs were found
among the upper layer of rubbish, and in a
breach of the tower was found imbedded a
48-pound shot. At certain seasons,. woodcock,
snipe, and waterducks are seen hovering near ... cross was raised, " In memory of Colonel Kenneth Douglas Mackenzie, C.B., who served for forty-two ...

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46 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. nvarrender Pam.
gables, covered with masses of luxuriant ivy, surrounded
by fine old timber, and near which lies
an interesting memorial of the statutes first made
in 1567, the days of the plague, of the bailies of
the muir-the toinb of some pest-stricken creature,"
forbidden the rites of sepulture with his kindred.
'' Here:" says Wilson, '' amid the pasturage of the
meadow, and within sight of the busy capital, a
large flat tombstone may be seen, time-worn and
grey with the moss of age ; it bears on it a skull,
surmounted by a winged sandglass and a scroll,
inscribed morspace . . , hora cadi, and below this
is a shield bearing a saltier, with the initials M. I. R.,
and the date of the fatal year, 1645.' The M. surmounts
the shield, and in all probability indicates
that the deceased had taken his degree
of Master of Arts, A scholar, perhaps, and
one of noble birth, has won the sad pre-eminence
of slumbering in unconsecrated ground,
and apart from the dust of his fathers, to tell
the terrors of the plague to other generations."
In that year the muir must have been open
and desolate, so the house of Bruntsfield
must have been built at a later date.
Bailie George Warrender of Lochend, an
eminent merchant in Edinburgh, having filled
the office of Lord Provost of that city in the
reigns of King William, Queen Anne, and
George I., was by the latter cr:ated a baronet
of Great Britain in 17 15, from which period
he represented the city in Parliament tili
his death ; but it is during the reign of
William that his name first comes prominently
before us, as connected with a judicial
sale of some property in the Parliament Close
in 1698, when he was one of the bailies, and
George Home (afterwards Sir George) was Lord
Provost.
In 1703 Lord Fountainhall reports a case :
James Fairholme against Bailie Warrender. The
former and other managers of '' the manufactory at
Edinburgh " had acquainted the latter that some
prohibited goods were hidden in two houses in the
city, and sought permission to search for and seize
the same, l h e bailie delayed till night, when
every man's house ought to be his sanctuary;
and for this a fine was urged of 500 marks, for which
the lords-accepting his excuses-" assoilzied the
bailie." In another case, reported by the same
lord in 1710, he appears as Dean of Guild in
a case against certain burgesses of Leith, that
savours of the old oppression that the magistrates
and deans of guild of Edinburgh could then
exercise over the indwellers in Leith, as part of
the royalty of the city.
Sir John Warrender, the bailie's successor, was also
a merchant and magistrate of Edinburgh ; and his
* As will be Seen from the engraving. Wilson would Seem not to have
deciphered the tombstone correctly. These lines are inscribed on the
tomb :-
THIS SAINT WHOS CORPS LYES BU
RlED HEIR
LET ALL POSTERITIE ADIMEIR
FOR VPRIGHT LIP IN GODLY PElR
WHElR JUDGMENTS DID THIS LAND
SURROUND
HE WITH GOD WAS WALKING FOUND
IOR WHICH PROM MIDST OF PElRS (1)
HE'S CROUND
HEIR TO BE INTERD BOTH HE
AND FRIENDS BY PROVIDENCE AGRlE
NO AGE SHAL LOS HIS IIIEMORIE
H E AGE 53 DIED
1645.
OLD TOMB AT WARREKDER PARK.
great-grandson, Sir Patrick, was a cavalry officer of
rank at the famous battle of Minden, and died in
I 799, when King's Remembrancer in the Scottish
Court of Exchequer.
Within the last few years the parks around old
Bruntsfield House have-save a small space in its
immediate vicinity-been intersected, east, west,
north, and south, by stately streets and lines of
villas, among the chief of which are Warrender
Park Crescent, with its noble line of ancient trees ;
Warrender Park Road, running from the links to
Carlung Place ; Spottiswood and Thirlstane Roads ;
and Alvanley Street, so called from the sister of
Lord Alvanley, the wife, in 1838, of Captain John
Warrender of the Foot Guards.
The old mansion is still the Edinburgh residence
of Sir George Warrender, Bart.
Eastward of the White House Loan, and lying
between it and the Burghmuir, is the estate of ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. nvarrender Pam. gables, covered with masses of luxuriant ivy, surrounded by fine old ...

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Well from Restalrig, where it had been all hut
buried under the workshops of the North British
Railway ; but now a limpid perennial rill from the
Craigs flows into its ancient basin, the Gothic archway
to which is closed by an open iron gate.
The old solitude and amenity of the Hunter's
Bog, after 1858, were destroyed by the necessary
erection of four rifle ranges, two of 300 yards, and
two of 600 yards, for the use of the garrison and
DUDDINGSTON CHURCH (INTERIOR).
volunteers, and the construction of two unornamental
powder magazines. The danger signal is
always hoisted in !he gorge known as the Hause ;
the rocky ridge named the Dasses overlooks these
ranges on the east.
Leaving the Echoing Rock, an isolated eminence,
and following the old road round the hill,
under Samson's Ribs, a superb range of pentagonal
greenstone columns sixty feet long by five in
dkmeter, the Fox's Holes, and the rugged stony
slope named the Sclyvers, we come to a lofty
knoll named the Girnel Craig, and another named
the Hangman's Craig or Knowe, from the following
circumstance. About the reign of Charles II.,
the office of public executioner was taken by a
reduced gentleman, the last member of an old
88
reprobate could not altogether forget his former
tastes and habits. He would occasionally resume
the garb of a gentleman, and mingle in the parties
of citizens who played at golf in the evenings on
Bruntsfield Links. Being at length recognised,
he was chased from the ground with shouts of execration
and loathing, which affected him so much
that he retired to the solitude of the King's Park,
and was next day found dead at the bottom of a
precipice, over which he is supposed to have thrown
himself in despair. The rock was afterwards
called the Hangman's Grae."
The deep gorge between it and the Sclyvers is
named the Windy Goule, and through it winds the
ancient path that leads direct to the hamlet of
Duddingston, which, with the loch of that name,' ... from Restalrig, where it had been all hut buried under the workshops of the North British Railway ; but now ...

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17451 MACDONALD OF TEINDREICH. 333
landers, after their retreat from England, were besieging
Stirling, Lord Tweeddale wrote to General Guest,
stating that they meant to take the capital again.
On this, the Edinburghers at once held a solemn
council of war, and valiantly resolved to defend the
city; and once more all their plate and valuables
were committed to the care of General Guest. It was
take, Hawley, who had served as a major at
Sheriffniuir, and always expressed contempt 'for
the Highlanders, marched with fourteen battalions,
besides cavalry and artillery, to Falkirk, where his
army was routed as completely as that of Cope
had been, and all his guns were taken, save one
brought off by the 4th Regiment.
CHARLES EDWARD IN HIS LATER YEARS.
(From a Partrait Sy Oeim Humjhy, R.A., iake?a at Fhrme, 1776.)
arranged that a store of provisions should be
immediately laid in, that the cannon should be
mounted on travelling carriages, that the walls and
gates should be more completely fortified, that a
corps of really resolute soldiers should be embodied;
and again arms were issued to the
Seceders, and all who required them ; but on hearing
that Charles had actually made a requisition
for horses to draw his battering train, their courage
evaporated a second time, and all ideas of fighting
were abandoned; but the arrival of General
Hawley's army relieved them from immediate
apprehension.
Erecting an enormous gallows in the Grassmarket,
whereon to hang all prisoners he might
In the Castle he lodged his sole trophy, the
brave Major Donald Macdonald of Teindreich,
who struck the first blow in the revolt at the
Spean Bridge, and who had been captured in the
smoke at Falkirk. He was brought in bound with
ropes,'and kept in a dungeon till he was sent in
chains to Carlisle, to be butchered with many
others. He was a handsome man, and bore his
sufferings with great cheerfulness.
" It was principle, and a thorough conviction of
its being my duty to God, my injured king and
oppressed country," said he, "which induced me
to take up arms under the standard of his Royal
Highness Charles Prince of Wales, and I solemnly
declare I had no bye views in drawing my sword in
' ... MACDONALD OF TEINDREICH. 333 landers, after their retreat from England, were besieging Stirling, Lord ...

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well worth consideration ; but, interesting as it is, it
need not detain us long here.
In the ? Myrvyian, or Cambrian Archa?ology,? a
work replete with ancient lore, mention is made of
Caer-Eiddyn, or the fort of Edin, wherein dwelt
a famous chief, Mynydoc, leader of the Celtic
Britons in the fatal battle with the Saxons under
Ida, the flame-bearer, at Catraeth, in Lothian, where
the flower of the Ottadeni fell, in 510; and this is
believed to be the burgh subsequently said to be
named after Edwin.
In the list of those who went to the battle of
Catraeth there is record of 300 warriors arrayed in
fine armour, three loricated bands (Le., plated for
defence), with their commanders, wearing torques
of gold, ?three adventurous knights,? with 300 of
equal quality, rushing forth from the summits of
the mighty Caer-Eiddyn, to join their brother
chiefs of the Ottadeni and Gadeni.
In the ?British Triads? both Caer-Eiddyn
(which some have supposed to be Carriden), and
also DinasEiddyn, the city of Eiddyn, are repeatedly
named. But whether this be the city of
Edinburgh it is exceedingly difficult to say; for,
after all, the alleged Saxon denominative from
Edwin is merely conjectural, and unauthenticated
by remote hcts.
From Sharon Turner?s ?Vindication of Ancient
British Poem%,? we learn that Aneurin, whose work
contains 920 lines, was taken prisoner at the battle
of Catraeth,* and was afterwards treacherously slain
by one named Eiddyn; another account says! he
died an exile among the Silures in 570, and that the
battle was lost because the Ottadeni ?had drunk
of their mead too profusely.?
The memory of Nynydac Eiddyn is preserved
a beautiful Welsh poem entitled The Drinking
Iorn,?by Owain, Prince of Powis.
i full of energy.
The poem
?? When the mighty bards of yore
Awoke the tales of ancient lore,
What tide resplendent to behold,
Flashed the bright mead in vase of Gold !
The royal minstrel proudly sung
Of Cambria?s chiefs when time was young;
How, with the drink of heroes flushed,
Brave Catraeth?s lord to battle rushed,
The lion leader of the strong,
And marshal of Galwyiada?s throng ;
The sun that rose o?er Itun?s bay
Ne?er closed on such disastrous day ;
There fell Mynydoc, mighty lord,
Beneath stem Osway?s baneful sword ;
Yet shall thy praise, thy deathless pame,
Be woke on harps of bardic fame,
Sung by the Cymri?s tuneful tmb,
Aneurin of celestial strain.?
DanielWilson,one of the ablest writers on Scottish
ntiquities, says that he thinks it useless ?to follow
le fanciful disquisitions of zealous anticuarians
Zspecting the origin and etymology of Edinburgh ;
: has successively been derived, both in origin and
1 name, from Saxon, Pict, and Gael, and in each
ase With sufficient ingenuity to leave the subject
lore involved than at first? But while on this
ubject, it should be borne in mind that the unirtunate
destruction of the national records by the
waders, Edward I. and Oliver Cromwell, leaves
ie Scottish historian dependent for much of his
iaterial on tradition, oi information that can only
e obtained with infinite labour; though it may
o doubt be taken for granted that even if these
rchives had been preserved in their entirety they
ould scarcely have thrown much, if any, light upon
le que& vexata of the origin of the name of
;dinburgh.
CHAPTER 11.
THE CASTLE OF EDINBURGH.
Of its Origin and remoter History-The Legends concaning it-Ebranke-St. Monena-Defeat of the Saxons by King Bridei--King Ed&-
Ring Grime-The Story of Grime and Benha of Badlieu-The Starting-point of authentic Edinburgh History-SL Mugarct-Her Piety
and vlliaMe Disoosition-Her Chaoel--Ha Dath-Rcstontion of her Oiatary-Her BurLCDonnld Bauc-Khg a v i d L-l?hc Royal
Gardens, afterwp;ds the North Lock
AFTER the departure of the Romans the jnhabitants
of fiorthern Britain bore the designation of Picti,
or Picts; and historians are now agreed that these
were not a new race, but only the ancient Caledonians
under a new name.
The most remote date assigned for the origin
*The famous Cutrail, or Pictsmrk-ditch, is a u wto have had
somc amnection with this battle df cluaeth. (Gdb Cambrrasir. 11.)
of the Castle of Edinburgh is that astounding
announcement made in Stods ?Summarie of
Englyshe Chronicles,? in which he tells us that
?Ebranke, the sonne of Mempricius, was made
ruler of Britayne ; he had, as testifieth Policronica,
Ganfride, and others, twenty-one wyves, of whom
he receyved twenty sonnes and thirty daughters,
which he sent into Italye, there to be maryed to ... worth consideration ; but, interesting as it is, it need not detain us long here. In the ? Myrvyian, or ...

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224 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Weat Port.
~~ ~
the dreadful Irish murders in 1828; but its repute
was very different in the last century. Thus we find
in the Edinburgh papers for 1764, advertisedas to let
there, " the new-built house, beautifully situated on
the high ground south of the Portsburgh, commanding
an extensive prospect every way, with genteel
furniture, perfectly clean, presently possessed by
John Macdonald, Esq., of Lairgie," with chaisehouse
and stabling.
remained intact up till SO recently as 1881, while
around the large cupola and above the chief seat
were panels of coats of arms of the various city
crafts, and that also of the Portsburgh-all done in
oil, and in perfect condition. This court-room was
situated in the West Port. In its last days it was
rented from the city chamberlain by the deacons'
court of Dr. Chalmers' Territorial Church. Mission
meetings and Sunday-schools were held in it, but
OLD HOUSES IN THE WEST PORT, NEAR THE HAUNTS OF BURKE AND HARE, 1869
(Fsmn a Drawing Sy Mn. J. Stnvari Smith.)
Near the Territorial Church is a door above
which are the arms of the Cordiners of the Portsburgh-
a cordiner's cutting-knife crowned, within a
circle, with the heads of two winged cherubim, and
the words of Psalm 133, versified :-
" Behold how good a thing it is,
And how becoming well,
Together such as brethren are,
In unity to dwell.
I 696. "
One of the most complete of the few rare relics
of the City's old municipal institutions was the
court-room where the bailies of the ancient
Portsburgh discharged their official duties. The
bailies' bench, seats, and other court-room fittings
the site upon &hich it was built was sold by
roup for city improvements.
In the middle of the West Port, immediately
opposite the Chalmers Territorial Free Church
and Schools, and running due north, is a narrow
alley, called the Chapel Wynd. Heye, at the foot
thereof, stood in ancient times a chapel dedicated
to the Virgin Mary, some remains of which were
visible in the time of Maitland about 1750. Near
it is another alley-probably an access to itnamed
the Lady Wynd. Between this chapel and
the Castle Rock there exists, in name chiefly, an
ancient appendage of the royal palace in the
fortress-the king's stables, " although no hoof of
the royal stud has been there for well-nigh three
I ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Weat Port. ~~ ~ the dreadful Irish murders in 1828; but its repute was very ...

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Bmghton.]
The new Catholic and Apostolic church, a conspicuous
and spacious edifice, stands north of
all those mentioned at the corner of East London
Street. It was founded in November, 1873, and
opened with much ceremony in April, 1876. It is
in a kind of Norman style, after designs by R.
Anderson, and measures zoo feet long, is 45 feet
in height to the wall-head, and 64 to the apex
EAST LONDON STREET.
of the internal roof. It comprises a nave, chancel,
and baptistry. The nave measures IOO feet in
length, by 45 in breadth; is divided into five
bays, marked externally by buttresses, and has
at each corner a massive square turret surmounted
by a pinnacle rising as high as the 1;dge of the
roof. The chancel measures 614 feet, and communicates
with the nave.
PICARDY VILLAGE AND GAYFIELD HOUSE. (Aft# CkrR of Ekiin.)
CHAPTER XXVI.
THE NORTHERN NEW TOWN.
Picardy Place-Lords Eldm and Craig - Si David Milne-John Abetnumbie-Lard Newton-Commissionex Osbome-St. Paul's Church-
St. George's Chapel-Willii Douglas, Artist-Professor Playfair-General Scott of Bellevue-Drummond P k c d . K. Sharpc of Hoddam
--Lord Robertson-Abercrombic Place and Heriot Row-Miss Femer-House in which H. McKenAe died-Rev. A. Aliin-Great King
Street-% R. Christison--Si W illiam Hamilton-Si William Ab-L-ard Colonsay, &c.
THE northern New Town, of which we now propose
to relate the progress and history, i; separated
from the southern by the undulating and extensive
range of Queen Street Gardens, which occupy a
portion of the slope that shelves down towards the
valley of the Water of Leith.
It is also in a parallelogram extending, from the
quarter we have just been describing, westward to ,
72
the Queensferry Road, and northward to the line
of Fettes Row. It has crescental curves in some
of its main lines, with squares, and is constructed
in a much grander style of architecture than the
original New Town of 1767. Generally, it wqs
begun about 1802, and nearly completed by 1822.
In the eastern part of this parallelogram are Picardy
Place, York Place, Forth and Albany Streets, ... new Catholic and Apostolic church, a conspicuous and spacious edifice, stands north of all those ...

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GENERAL INDEX. 379
.Her!or brewery, The, 11.374
Henot free schools, 11. 374 37:
Heriot Kow, 11.1~5, 158,194, 201
.Heriot's Bridge, 11. 234
Heriot's Green, 11. 371, 372, 373
Heriot's Hill, I l l . 86, 87
.Heriot's Hill House, 111. *88
Heriot's Hospital, I. 48, 55, 64, 76,
134, 176, 242, 335, 11. 33s 84, 115.
its designer, rb. ; curious itemsof
expenditure, ib.; generaldescription
of the building 11. 369, 370 ;
views of the hospidl, II.364,368,
Heriot's School, I. 198, 11. 184, 250,
37% 373, 376, 379. pb& 24
274
Lord)
265. 266
266
Heriot's Trust, 11. 358
Hermand, Lord (sec Fergusson,
Hermitage, The, Leith Links, 111.
Hermitage Hill, Leith, III.175,186,
Hermitage Place, 111. 79
Hermitage Terrace 111. 266
Heron's Court. I. ,b~
Herries, Sir Rbberi I. 179
Herring Sir John 111. 346
Herrini fishery, $he Newhaven,
111. $2 - -
Hertford, Earl of, I. 43, lob, 217,
11. 2, 48, 56, 111. 169, 179, 218,
3'07 347,
.Heme Prinrr of 111. 194
High kalton T i e street 11. 103
High Churc'h The, &.* Giles's
Cathedral, 1: 14x '148 149
High Constables o t the dalton, 11.
'03
High Constables, Society of, 11. 23
Highest buildings in Edinburgh, I.
Hiehla;ldar;dAericultural Society's
*168 191 193
chambers, I.'zg~, zg
Highland Society of &cotland, I.
$94,295
ighlanders in Edinburgh, I. 322
323,324. 11,133 ; employmental
11. 235 ; Gaelic chapel for ib.
Highlanders,Revultofthe S'eaforth,
Highrtggs, 11. 222, 223, 230, 325,
366 111. Z,%
Highiiggs 80use 11. 223
.High School of ddinburgh, I. 110,
963, 11. 1 1 ~ 1 1 3 , 168, 2-1 259,
303, 327, 314! 111. 3, 86;k:story
of the old igh School, 11. 287-
193; thesecond High School, 11.
193; the new High School, 11.
1x0-114; views of the High
School, 11. *113, *q*, *z#;
carved stone over the entrance to
the first High School 11. .
eminent masters and kctors:%:
2-06
11. 307-310
Hiih S&Al brawls 11.289
High School Close '11. 17
High School Club'The, 11. 113
High School, Leith 111. *265
High Fhool Wynd, I. 11. 249,
High'School Yard, 11. 275, 293,
J&h'J%t, The, I. P, 31, 43, 79,
947 I212 123, 126, 1.53, 1541
155,183,187,191-a82~335,II. 64,
95, 119, '57s 239, 24'2 2431 25%
138, I++; conflicts in the, I. 39,
50, 55 194-196. first paved and
lighteh, I. '92'; high-storeyed
houses, ib. ; removal of household
garbage, 193; the night watch,
194 ; use offire-arms in the streetr
forbidden, ib . fights between
rival clans, 1&196 ; abduction
of women and girls, 197 ; sump
tuary laws a inst women 197
198 ; the LorrF'rovost, 19;; th;
a t y police, ib. ; banquets at the
C m , zoo; city constables, I.
203 ; cleanliness enforced, ib. 1
the city lighted withgas, ib. ; the
Black Turnpike, zq; bitter re.
ception of Queen Mary, ib. ; the
house of Fentonbans. 207 j Ban-
250
02
253, 286, 287, 112 I2
283, 2938 294, 375, Id. 6, Ia,47.
natwe, the printer ib. . the
Bishop's Land, 208 its dishguished
residents, ib. ; the Earls
of Crawford zag - the first shop
of Allan Kakay,' 210 ; Ancrum
Hou~e, zrz: the first shop of
Constable and Co., 212 213;
Manners and Millar, book&llers,
213; ancient houses, ib. ; Knox's
house and church, ib. ; &herino
mansion, ib. ; the preaching
window Knox'shouse 214; house
of Archbishop Shkpe, 21s ;
the Nether Bow Port, ar,; the
earlier gate ib, ; the Kegent
Morton's su&riw party, 218. the
last gate, ib.; the ancient marirets,
zr9 ; house of Adam Rothwell
Bishop of Orkney, ib. ; the bishoi
and Queen Mary, ib . Sir Wilrim
Dick of Braid, z;dr 221 ; his
colo~sal wealth, a m ; hard fortune,
ib. ; Advocates' Close, ib. ;
Sir James Stewart's house, ib. ;
Andrew Crosbie, ib. ; Scougal's
picture-gallery, 223 ; Roxburghe
Close, ib. ; Warriston's Close. ab. ;
William and Robert Chambers
224-226 ; house of Sir Thond
Craig, 226 ; Sir Archibald Johnston
of Warriston 226 127 ; Mary
King's Close i27 f Mr. and
Mrs. Colthearh ghostly visitors
rb. . Craig's Close 229 * Andd
H& bwkselly, b. ; tke " Isle
of Man Arms, 230; the Cape
Club cb . the Poker Club ib .
Old k&p Office Close, '23; f
Fortune's lavern, ib. ; the Countess
of Eglinton, 231-234 ; murderous
riot in the Close, 234 ; the
Anchor Close 235; Dawney
Dou 185's tavirn 235 236; the
CpcLllan Club,' 235 f Smellie's
printing-office 235, 236. Mylne's
Square, 2 3 d z 3 8 : ~orld AI='s
house, 237; thecountess ofSutherland
and lady Glenorchy,
237, 238; Halkerston's Wynd
238 : Kinlochs Clox, ib. ; Car!
rubber's Close, 238140 ; Capt.
Matthew Hendemn, 239 ; Alkn
R-y's theatre, ib.; its later
tenants, id. ; the Tailors' Hall
239,240 ; *' Hyve awa, lads, I d
no deid yet ib. . Chalmers'
Close, -16. ; hope's'house, ib, ;
Sandiland's Close, ib. ; Bishop
Kennedy's house, ib.; Baron
Grant's House, ,:41; the " Salamander
Land 242 ; the old
Fishmarket Close, ib. : Heriot's
mansion ib. . the Deemster's
house ib.; Bbrthwick's Close
ib. ; I k d Dune's house, i6. ; th;
old Assembly Rooms, ib. ; Miss
Nicky Mum 243 ; formalities
of the balls it: ladies' fashions
245; Bell': Wynd $6. . BIa&
Street and Hunter'; Squire, ib. ;
' Kennedy's Close, ib. ; Niddry's
Wynd, ib. ; Provost Nicol
Edwards' house, 245, 246, 247 :
Lockhart's Court, r6. ; St. M a j s
Chapel, lb. ; Masonic Lodge
meetings, ib. ; Lady Glenorchy,
ib. ; story of Lady Grange 248-
251; St. Cecilia Hall Z;I; its
old-fashioned concerts,'ib. ; the
belles of the eighteenth century,
ib. . the name Niddry, 252 ;
Diikson's and Cant's Closes, 253 ;
house of David Allan, zb. ; Rosehaugh's
Close, id. ; house of the
Abbots of hIelrase, ib. ; Sit
George Mackenzie of Rwhaugh,
254 ; Lady Anne Dick, lb. ; Lord
Strichen, ib.; the manners 01
17 0, ib. ; Provost Grieve, 255 ; J t o n Dhu, ib. ; Lad Lovat's
Land, ib. ; Walter Ehepman,
rimer, ib. ; Lady Lovat 257 ;
backfriars Wynd, 258 : Sir Wdrim
Stewart slain by Rothwell
259 ; escape of Archbisho;
Sharpe, rb . Cameronian meeting-
house, ' >b. ; house of the
Regent Mortan ib. : Catholic
chapels of the'eighteenth cen
tury, 261. Bishop Hay ib.
Baron Smi;h's chapel, 262'; Car
d i d Beaton's house 263; Its
historical association:, io. ; IU
ultimate occupants 264; the
United Industrial School, 265 ;
Toddricks Wynd, 2 6 6 ; Lord
Leven's house in Skinner'sClose,
267 ; the Scottish Mint, ib. ;
Argyle's lodging,a70; Dr.Cullen,
271 ; Elphinstone's Court, 272;
Lords Loughborough and Stonefield
z7r 273' Lord Selkirk 274'
Dr. kutierfoid, ib. ; house Af th;
Earls of Hyndford ib. ; the
three romps of MoAreith, 275;
Anne Countess of Balcarres, 276 ;
Souti Foulis' Close, ib. ; Fountain
Close. ib. ; Endmylie's Well
ib. ; house of Bailie Fullerton:
277; Koyal College of Physicians,
278 ; Tweeddale Close, ib. ; hollse
of the Marquis of Tweeddale, ib.;
the British Linen Company, 279 ;
murder of Begbie, 280; the
World's EndClose,z81; the Stanfield
tragedy, ib. : titled residents
in the old closes, 282
ligh Street, Portobello, 111. 152,
* I53
Till Mrs. the xulptor, 11. 131
-Iill!house'Field, Leith, 111. go, 273
lill Street, 11. 159, 165
lobart Lord 11. 373
logarih Gedrge W.S., 11. 26
7ogarth' The Scbttish I. 253
logg. J k e s , the EttrigkShepherd,
1. 7, 15. 339, 11. '27, 1409 142,
'7% '99, 111. 747 7 I 126, 1277 I79
Holderness Robert %arl of, 11. 39 ' Hole in the Wall" Inn, 11. 268
Holland John projector of the
Bank ;If Scotlkd, 11. 93,95
HoLstein Visit of the Duke of, to
Edinbhrgh I. III
Holy Cross, Abbey of the, 11. 288
Holy Cross, Kirk of the, 11. ~ o o
Holyrood Abbey, I. 19, m, 4 4 116,
139, 2f7.s 23p 11. 11, 42-60> 379;
its ongin, 1. 42, 43, 4; its endowments
11. 44, 46, 111. 49;
list of abbbts, I1.46-49,III. 41 ;
seal of the Abbey, 11. *46; its
relicsandrevenues, II.5o;church
of 11. * 5 6 ; nave of, 11. *57;
d&s;truction of, 11. 57, 58 : right
of sanctuary, 11. 60 ; Hollar's
print of, 11. *45 ; Gothic porch
and gatehouse 11. 11
Holy Rood Acd, The, 11. 239
H+rocd, Ancient chapel of the,
11. 239
Holyrood chapel, St. Giles's church.
Holyrood dairy 11. * 305
Holyrwd Foun$in,The, 11. g *SI
Holyrood House, I. 199 ; the &&I
Royal, 11. * 49
Holyroodhouse, Lord, I. go, 158,
zm. aza, 11. 49,111. zgg
Holyrood Palace, I. xi 6, 40, 42>
54 55, 58, 7% 791 90. '75,204, 11.
at, 11. 66-7'. 111. 4, 7 ; Charles
I. at, 11. 73; James Duke oi
York and Albany at, I. 335 11.
75, 111. 11; arrival of Pr'incc
Charles Edward at, I. 316; Comtc
d'Artois at, 11. 76, 78 ; isometric
projectionof the Palace, 11. 61
views of the Palace, 11. 68, * 6q
*72;modemviews, II.*73 *Bo
81 ; monuments, I. 196, zm: 238
the old Mint, I. 267 : sanctuaq
of, 11. 11, 281, 303 ; plan ofth:
sanctuary, 11. * 3 q ; Hollar:
print of, 11. ' 45
yard, I. 256
L 7 9 , 236, 354; Queen Maq
Holyrood Tennis Court, 111. 125
Home Earl of, 11. 31
Home: Lord, I. 40, 49,II. zzz, 111
Home, Sir John, I. 102
Home, Alexander Lord, Provost
Home Alexander Provost 11. z&
Home: George, Cierk of .%Lion, I
29. 134, 298
11. 279
zar
Home, Sir George, Lord Provost
Home ofthe Heugh, Patrick, III.3(
Home of Polwarth, Patrick, I1
Home of Wedderburn,David, 1.4, t:
111. 46
180. 111. 36
Iome, NinQn, the dominie, 111.156
Iome Lady I. a82 11. 31
iamb, John,'autho:of '' Douglas,"
11. 24-7 127.334 111. 45,21g,
24o-zp ; hisancestors, III. 240 ;
h~s death and burial-place, ib.
Iome Street, 11. zaz
iowerton the actor, I. 350
Iornildon'Hill (see Battles)
ioneyman, Bishop ofOrkney, 1.259
ioneyman, Sir William, Lord
Armadale, 1. 259
Iooly, Mount, I. 383
looped ladies, r. z++ 245
iope of Granton, imd Jwtice-
Clerk, 1. 159. 11. 159
lope, Right Hon. Charles, of the
Edinburgh Volunteers, 11. *I 7
mal 268, 372, 374, 111. 311 ; k
conduct as Lord Advocate, 11.
102 a03
lor, I. 36 , 111 77
maAsion of, 11.243
house of I. 240
{ope: %Alexander, Lord Rankeil-
<ope Sirlrchibald, 111. 270
4ope' Sir Thomas, I. 116, 11. 243;
<ope, John de, I. 94; supposcd
<ope Major-General, 11, 19
<ope' Profesar John 11. 293
lope' President 11. ;gs
4ope'of Carse, iI. 281
lope of Craighall, The family os
111.311.
111. 316
agriculturist, 11. 3;7
*ope of Craighall, Sir Thomas,
Hope of Rankeillor Thomas, the
Hope Dr. John, I. 3631*364. 111.161
Hope' Robert, physician, 11. zg8
Hope' Park, 11. 339,347, 348, W.
Kope Jark Chapel, 111. 51
Hope Park Congregational Church,
Rope Park Crescent, 11. 349
Hope Park Terrace 11. 3
Hope Park United Pregyterian
Church, 111. 51
Hope Street, 11. 130,165
Hope's Close, 1. 116
Hopetoun, Earl of, I. 238, 3
354 513 I!I. 54
111. 5'
111. 57
Hope Park En4 11. ~ 9 , 351, 35%
, 11.
38, 1% 171, 1%~ 34% IIp16rs
190, 323,362; houseof, I. 40, IL
26; monument to 11. 171 .
Hopetoun Fenciblei, 11. 236
Hopetoun House 111. 77
Hopetouu Laird'of 111. 57
Hopetoun'Rooms h. 158, 111. 78
Hopkins, Mrs. a&ess, 11. 24
Horn Charity,'The, I. 308
Horn Lane 111. 76
Horn Orde: The 111. IZZ
Horner, Frkcis,'I. 379, 11. 187,
Horner, Leonard, I. 165, 291, 379,
292, 29.52 347
111. 342,
Horseracing on Leith Sands, 111.
Horse Wynd, I. 267. 282, 11.27, 38,
Hos~italbfO&Mlessed Lady,I.po
Hospital of St. Thomas, 11. 39 47
Hospitallers of St. Anthony, L k h ,
Hotels, The street for, 11. 123
House of Correction, I. 301.302
House of Industry 111. 125
House in High &reet, with memorial
window (' Heave awa,
Lids, I'm no deidyet," I. z4oo,*24r
H o u ~ of the Kirk-of-Field, 111.
268-270
39 .& 255 256, 158, 274, 282
111. 216
4, 6, 7
Household garbage, The streets
formerly receptacles for 1. 192
Houses in the New Tom: Number
Houston, Archibald, Murder of, I.
Houston Lad 11. 331
Howe Sireet, fi. 1%
Howard, the philanthropist, I. 132,
Howf The Leith 111. 23r
Hugk Mill& (scs kfiller)
Hugh Miller Place, 111. 75
Human heads Exposure of 11.4
Humane smiity of Leith, ~ I I . a%
. - 48, !49
Of, 11. 175
'96
359
-
... INDEX. 379 .Her!or brewery, The, 11.374 Henot free schools, 11. 374 37: Heriot Kow, 11.1~5, 158,194, ...

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men of rank, another plot to storm it, at a time
when its garrison was the nsth, or old regiment of
Edinburgh, was formed by Lord John Drummond,
son of the Earl of Perth, with eighty men, mostly
Highlanders, and all of resolute courage. All these
-among whom was a Captain McLean, who had
lost a leg at Killiecrankie, and an Ensign Arthur,
late of the Scots Guards-were promised commissions
under King James, and IOO guineas each, if
ROYAL LODGING AND HALF-MOON BATTERY.
when the plot was marred by-a lady !
In the exultation he felt at the approaching
capture, and the hope he had of lighting the beacon
which was to announce to Fife and the far north
that the Castle was won, Ensign Arthur unfolded
the scheme to his brother, a physician in the city,
who volunteered for the enterprise, but most prudently
told his wife of it, and she, alarmed for his
safety, at once gave information to the Lord Justice
the event succeeded ; and at that crisis-when Mar
was about to fight the battle of Sheriffmuir-it
might have put him in possession of all Scotland.
Drummond contrived to suborn four of the garrison
-a sergeant, Ainslie, to whom he promised a
lieutenancy, a corporal, who was to be made an
ensign, and two privates, who got bribes in money.
On the night of the 8th September, when the
troops marched from the city to fight the Earl of
Mar, the attempt was made. The chosen time,
near twelve o'clock, was dark and stormy, and the
ilrodlcs operandi was to be by escalading the western
walls, near the ancient arched postern. A ladder,
equipped with great hooks to fix it to the cope of
the bastion, and calculated to admit four men
Clerk, Sir Adam Cockburn of Ormiston, who instantly
put himself in communication with Colonel
Stuart. Thus, by the time the conspirators were
at the foot of the wall the whole garrison was
under arms, the sentinels were doubled, and the
ramparts patrolled.
The first party of forty men, led by the resolute
Lord Drummond and the wooden-legged McLean,
had reached the foot of the wall unseen ; already
the ladder had been secured by Sergeant Ainslie,
and the escalade was in the act of ascending, with
pistols in their girdles and swords in their teeth,
when a Lieutenant Lindesay passed with his patrol,
and instantly gave an alarm I The ladder and all
on it fell heavily on the rocks below. A sentinel ... of rank, another plot to storm it, at a time when its garrison was the nsth, or old regiment of Edinburgh, ...

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GENERAL INDEX.
299, 307, 342 ; Lord Provost, 11.
282 283 293' hisfuneral I 155
Kindid, b a d , of Coates 'Hbuse
first constable of Edinbured
Castle, I. 79
Kincaid, John, of Craig House
111. 42; his ancestors and de!
scendantr ib.
Kincaids of Warriston, The, 11. 182,
Ki%$d 2nd 11. 282
Kincardine, Earl of, I. 101
Kincleven Lord 111. 221
King Ceo;ge's dstion, Leith Dock,
Kinghorn, Earl of, 11. 352
Kinghorn, 111. 211
Kinghorn-ness, 111. 294
King ames's Knowe, 111. 29
King dtreet Leith lII.176,178 227
Kiugeston k r John de I. a4 ;5
Kings, Ghery of the: Hol)rood
Kings of Sc*&yand Kneller's par.
King's Advocate. Privileges of the,
-
111. 283
Pal==, 11 4, 76, '77, 79
traits of the., I. <58
IE,243
Kings Body Guard for Scotland,
King's Bridge, The, I. 118, 195, 11.
11. 352
215,
Kings Company &Archers, 11.352
King's Cramand, 111. 3q, 317
King's Head Inn 11. 242
King's Park I. 4 4 11. 7, 310, 313,
915, 346; ;ombat)in the, 11. 306
King's Printing-office, I. 376
" Kingh Quhair," The, I. a7
King's Road, I. 295
King's stables, The, 11. 224, 225
Kine's Wark. Leith. 111. 216. 217. I . - . ".. 23, a45
Kingston, Viscount, 111. 30
Kingston Gmge, 111. 338
Kmleith, 111. 164
Kinloch, Lord, 11. 197
Kinloch Sir Alexander 111. 343
Kinloch' Sir David Id. 343 .
Kinloch: Pmvost 'sir Francs, I.
169, 254, 111. 94, 3432 344; his
son3 111 344
Kinlodh, Hkry, House of, 11. 18,
'9
Kinloch's Clm, I. 238, 11. 18
Kinnoul, Earls of, 1. 371, 372, 111.
108
Kintore, Earl of, 11. 86, 339
Kirkbraehead House 11. II;, 136.
138, *x4q 210; dew of Edmburgh
Castle from, 1. * 64
Kirkcudbriqht Lard I. 153
Kirkaldy, Sir jame< I. 50
Kirkaldyof Grange, Sir William I.
47,20+.259, 11. 181, 225, 111. ;9,
36 6r 134 247; his defence of
th6 C h e k. 47-49, 78,116 121
214, 218, ill. 5 ; becomei'pro:
vast, 11. 279 ; %is dgth, I. 151,
111. arg
Kirkgate, The, Leith, 111. 175, 186,
213-226, 235 293 279; King
James's Hospital m'the, 111.186,
217; ancient chapel in the, 111.
* z u , 214; view of the Kirkgate,
Ill. *213
Kirkheugh The, I. 181, 11. 243
Kirkland, il. 60
Kirkliston, I. 23
Kirk Loan, Tie, 11. 114, 131, 111.
id-of-Field, The, I. 263; 266, 11.
71 222, 23 224 '51r 254, 2841
I, I, 4, 7, 8, 23,
39, 59 ; its provosts, 111. a, 3, 7 ;
the provost's house 111. 3 6,
23 ; murder of Lord barnle;,fIl.
3- 23; rough sketch of the
Kirt-af.Field 111. * 5
Kirk-of-Field Pbrt, III.3,7: affray
In the 111. 7
Kirkaf-'Field Wynd, I. 195, 11.
254, 111. 2, 3
Kirkpatricks of Allisland 11. 217
Kirk Semion, Leith, Pet& tyranny
of the, 111. 254
Kirk Session of St. Cuthbert's, 11.
K7= 78
z& 3797 19;.
216
Kirk Style The old I. 240
Kirkyard, !The, Hoiyrood, I I. 69
Kitchen Tower The I. 36
Kneller, Sir Gohfrey: I. 158
KnightsHospitallersof St.Anthony,
Leith 11. 319
Knight; of St. John, I. 321, I1 52,
232 ; hall of the, I. 314
Knolles, Sir William, I. 300
Knox, John, 1. a, 6, 93, 140, 143,
150, 151, 2=2, 113, 214, 254,298,
11. 64, 66, 71, 74, 262, 286, 288,
111. 35, 1. 174 177 178 I79
181, 223 ; Es puliit iLSt. Ciles';
Church, I. '143, 150, 11. 8 .
his grave, I. '150, 158; txi
manse of I. 212; his study, I.
*=la ; hi; house, I. 276, Plntc 9 ;
portraitandautographof I. *z13;
effigy of, I. 214; his wives, ib. ;
his death 1. 215; his bedroom
and sitti;g-raam, I. *216 *217;
his interview with Queen'Mary,
11. 67 : painting representing his
dispensing the sacrament, 11.89;
bronze portrait of, 11. 127
Knox, John, minister of North
Leith, 111. 254
Krames, The, St. Giles's Church,
I. 124 747 166 219
Kyd Bhie 'oh; 11 242
KyAchin, dhe &d of, 111. 192
L
Ladies'Assembly Room,The,II. 325
Ladies' College 11. 158
Ladies Euthuhiasm of towards
PrinkCharles Edward: I. 327,330
Ladies' fashions 1.243-245; oyster
tavern partie; patronised by, I.
1IC
La-&s' Walk Leith 111. 171
Ladies' Well 'The <[I. 54
Ladv aisle. +he. St. Giles's Cathe-
223, 356
Lady Lovat's Land I. 255
Lady Stair'sClose, i. 1o2,106,'107.
258, 282, 11. 118
Lady Wynd, The, 11. 224,zmS
Laigh Council-house, The, I. 175,
the council-rwm, 1. 116, 123
Laighshops 111. 126
Laiug, Aleiander, architect, 11.
h?;, Alexander Gordon, 11. 120;
his father 11. 120
Laing, Dahd, bookseller, I. 375,
11. 192 254, 382, 111. 128 149
Laing dilliam bookseller 'I. 375
Lamhie Gptah I. 204 &S
Lamb's' Close, gt. Gilks Street,
Lammius Seal of Amauld, I. * 182
Lamond 6f Lamond ohn 11.173
b p Acre Corsto$ine,rII1.1i8
Lancashire,'Tom comedian, I.
Landseer, the painter, 11. 89
Lang Dykes 11. 114 182 213 269
h g Gate,'The, 1.' @,'249,' 324, :: Lang Sandy," Ii. 28
Lang Sandy Gordon '' 11.157
"Lang Sandy Wood,"II. 115 (see
Wood, Dr. Alexander)
Langtoft, the chronicler, 111.351
Lanier, Sir John, I. 64, 63
Lantern and tower Jt. Giles's
Church. I. IAA. 116
Leith, 111. 188
335, 364, 11. 1x4 176, 111. 135
356: the ancient church; 111. -- .
357,358, '961
Laud, Archbshop, I. 51
Lauder, Si Alexander, Provost,
L
Pro3
Laude
Lau e; Sir John (ste Fountainhall)
Lauder: Sir Thomas Dick, 11. 95.
"97 I![. 49
111. 49. 50; his works, 111. 5d
Lauder Provost George of 11.278
Lauder: Thomas, Bishop Af Dunkeld,
11. Z;I
Lauder, W i l l i , the player, 11.39
Lauder the brothers, painters, 11.
89 9: Ill. 83 84
Lauher iamily, +he, 111. 49, 54
Lauder Road 111. 54
Lauderdale. 6uke of. I. 4. 220.11.
11, 22, 28;, 315 316,11~.'15o;i29;
Duchess of IIi. 150, 355
Lauderdale, 'Earls of, I. 90, 182,
111. 149. 258, 265, 334, 365;
Countess of 11. 31
Laudersofth;Bass The, 111.5453
Laurie Gilbert iI.'2a2
1auri;Street k i t h 111. 244
Lauriston Mkrquis Af 111. 110
Lauristo; Lord 111. '111
Lauriston: I. 38: 11. 222, 223, 345,
Lauriston Castle, 111. 110, III, 112,
Lauriston Gardens, 11. 363
Lauriston House, 11. 356
355-3631 370,111. 27,156
113
Lauriston Lane, 11. 121, 362
Lauriston Park, 11. 362
Lauriston Place 11. 6a, 363
Law, the financh sciemer, 11. 39,
111.111 __.. ...
Law of Lauriston John 1.174
Law, William, ~o;d Pro&, 11. a84
Law Courts, Plan of the, 1. * 169
Lawers, Laird of, 111. 29
Lawnmarket, The, I. 79,g4-123,
'75, 253, ZQZ, 295, 310, 31% 313,
314, 366, 11. 82 95, 24a 284 111.
99, 366; fire 'in 1771,' I. '102 ;
views of the I. *104, *'os, *I&
Lawnmarket hub, The, 111. 124
Lawnmarket Gazettes. I. 121. 111. I -,
124
Lawrence, Sir Thomas, 11. 88, 91,
Lawrence, Lady, I. 282
Lawson, Lord Provost, 11. 284
Lawson, James, Knox's successor,
111.77
11. 288. 111. 8
Lawson ;f the Highriggs, Richard,
1.41. 11. 223; Pluvoat, 11. 279
Lawn, Rev. Parker, 111.230,231, ~~ 259,262, 342
Lawsous Mansion-houseof the. 11.
223
" Lay of the Iast Minstrel," The,
111. 145
Lea, Sir Richard, 11. 48, 56
Leannonth Lord Provost, 111. p
Leather &s, 11. 330
Leather trade, Edinburgh the seat
Lee, Principa1,tI. ag, III. 90,179
Lee the actor 11.23 24
Lefivre, Sir J:hn Sha;, 11.84,85,88
Leggat's Land, 111. 75
Leggett Alexander I l l . 82
Letgh i u n t 11. 14; 141
Leigh Sir damuel igerton, 11.159
Leith,'I. 42, 11. 43, *45, 55, 63, 66,
76, 101, 182, zi3, 234, 28% 307,
330, 3547 111. 357 36, 72, 959 132,
133. 1.34. 143. 146, 19, 151. 152 ;
historical survey of the town,
111. 1 6 4 1 ~ ~ ; its charters, Ill.
166 * its early history 111. 166-
198 its subjection td the Edinburgh
magistrates 166-184 :
burnt and pillaged b;theEnglish, 169, I 0, arrival of the French
171 ; tteiortifications, ib. ; arrivai
of the English fleet and army,
174; opening of the batten=,
176; failure of the great assault
177 ; the Queen Regent's death:
177, 178; relics of the siege,
178; the fortificationsdemolished,
16.; landing of Queen Mary
179 ; Leith mortFaged, ld. : Ediu!
burgh takes military passession
of it, ib. ; its history during the
time of James VI. 179-182 ; the
Gowrie conspiracy 182; the
Union Jack, ab . piracy in the
harbour, 183, 1s;'; Leith re-fortified
184. the Covenant signed
186 the 'Cramwellis in Leith:
187; newspapers first printed in
the citadel, 187 ; Tucker's report,
i6. ; the Covenanters transported,
189; English pirates banged,
190, 191; the city during ?he
insurrection of 1715, 191 ; Bngadier
Mackintosh, xg~, 192; the
Duke of Argyle, 192 ; landing of
the Hessian army in 1746, I*;
of the, 11. 26
Highland mutinies 196, 197;
Paul Jones, 1g6, 1'7; mcidents
towards the close 01 the last century,
198 ; the first Scottish MVY
199; old fighting +nvS 0:
Leith, 198-206. their brave exploits,
zos, 206 ;'history of Leith
during the present century, q-
ZIZ ; dexription of the tom and
its neghbourhacd, a13189 (ye
rYbsequont i:cmr concerning
p t h ) ; plan of Leith, 111. *176,
zo5,** 233 ; view of Leith, 1@3,
111. 177; arms of Leith, Ill.
'~b; view of Leith from the
Easter Road, 111. ' 185
Leith and Edinburgh people in the
first years of the nineteenth cen-
Leith and London smacks, and
packet-ships, Ill. 210, 211 ; mtrw
duction ofsteamers 111. a11
Leith, Appearance :f, during the
French war 111. 210
LeithBank ?he 111.154 *236,23Q
Leith, Chakber bf Commk- Ill.
tury, 111. q
245; 288
Leith Dock Commissioners. The. . . 116 283, 288
Leith Docks, 111. 1 8 n 8 . g ; revenues
of, 111.26 ; mew in, 111.
'a85
Leith harbour 111. 2-74 ; entrance
to, Ilk. * 270 ; itscrowded
condition, 111. 273; the signal
tower 111. * 9, *xg, 245, 079:
its apbrance In 1700 111. 173
in 1829 111. *zoo; &-fight in;
III.18;,184;casandwestpiers,
Pbtr 33
Leith High School, 111. 159
Leith Hospital 111.248
Leith ImprovekntScheme,III.z~
Leith Links, I. 330, 331, 11. 11,
309, 344 35% 354,359. 372, 111.
31, 36, 166, 171, 175, '771 '7%
182, 186, 192, 1% 198. 219, '43, drEi, I. 4;. 11. 176,223, 111.
fz68 290
'5'
Leith markets The 111.246
Leith Merchats' dub. 111. zzo Leith MilSIII* & ;, --I
Leith Newspapersir;, 11% 187, 236
LeitiPierand Harbour, 179% PLd# . . .
32
Leith Piers. 111. 208. 071 : the
188, 18% 194, 197,-198;207)22g; * 2 7 ~ ~ 280, 28r, 288, 302
Leith Sands, 111. 267770; executions
there, 111. 267 ; duel
fought there 111. 268; horsennng
there, '111. 268-270
Leith Science School, 111. 270
Leithstage, Travelling by the, 111.
15% 154
17 I 178
Leith Street, I. 364, 11. r q ,
Leiti sugar H O W company,
""e
174
111.
Terrace 111. 152
Leith Walk, 1: s, 87, 180, 11. 178,
III. 94 128, 150-163, 171, 201,
218, 234, 251, 169, 288;
amusements for children, 111.
IFA: exsutions there 111. =SA.
1 3 - ig tlng of the, 111. 152, 1%; its
.. , _... 155,156~~57; itsnunerygmunds,
111. 157 ; new of from Gayfield
Square. 111. *16;; the botanic
garden I. 263 111. g6
Leith Wilk pubk school, Ill. 159
Leith Wynd, I. 38, 195, m7, VI,
2% 294 9 7 9 8 -3% 336.
LeitdWyndPort, I. 43,63, 302
Leiths, The family of, 111. 164
Le Jay, Brian the Templar, 11. 51
Lekprevik, Rhert, the printer, I.
342 11. 17 18: Z& hI. 6,125. 151
215
L~MOX, Duke of, I. 195, 11.
Lennox, 3308 111. Duchess 335 of, I. 305
knnox, Earls of, 1. 4 5 154
186,25~1I. 17.63, 72, 111.
195,246,247, 297
Lennox Street, 111. 71 ... INDEX. 299, 307, 342 ; Lord Provost, 11. 282 283 293' hisfuneral I 155 Kindid, b a d , of Coates ...

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CONTENTS. V
CHAPTER XV.
T H E CALTON H I L L .
e .
?AGS
Origin of the Name-Ghbet and Battery them-The Quarry Holes-The Monastery of Greenside Built-The Leper Hospita-The
Tournament Ground and Playfield-Church of Greenside-Burgh of Calton-Rev. Rowlaod Hill-Regent Bridge Built-Obscmtorp
and Asmnomical Insiituticu-Bridewell Built-Hume's TombThe Political Martyrs' Monument-The Jews' Pka of Burial-
Monument of Nelson-National Monument, and those of Stewart. Playfair, and Bums-Thc High School-Foundarion hid- . Architeke and Extent-The 0pening-lnstruct;on-Rec~n of the New SchooCLintel of the Old School-Lard Brougham's
Opinion of the Institution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I M
CHAPTER XVI.
THE NEW TOWN.
The Site before the Streets-The Lang Dykes-Wood's Farm-Dmmsheugh House-Bearfd's ParkgTbe Honsg of Easter and Wester
Coates--Gabriel's Road4hig.s Plan of the New Town-John Young builds the Fint House Therein-Extensionof the Town Weatward I I4
CHAPTER XVII.
P R I N C E S STREET,
A Glance at Society-Change of Manners, &c-The Irish Giants-Poole's Coffee-house-Shop of Constable & Co.-Weir's Museum, 1%-
The Grand Duke Nicholas-North British Insurance Life Association-Old Tar Office and New Club-Craig of Riccarton-" The
White Rose of Scotland "-St. John's Chapd-Its Tower and Vaults, &,.-The Smtt Monument and its Muscum-The Statues OP
Professor Wilrion, Allan Ramsay, Adam Bkk, Sir Jam- Sipson, and Dr. Livingstone-The General Improvements in Princes Street C 19
CHAPTER XVIII.
THE CHURCH OF ST. CUTHBERT,
History and Antiquity-Old Views of it Described-First Protestant Incumbents-The Old Manse-Old Communion Cups-Pillaged by
Cmmwell-Ruined by the Siege of 1689, and again in 17qs-Deaths of Messls McVicar and Pitcairn-Early Bdy-suatcheni-Demolition
of the Old Church-Erection of the New- of Heart-burial4ld Tombs and Vaults-The Nisbets of Dean-The Old Poor
House-Kirkbraehead Road--Lothian Road-Dr. Candish's Church-Military Academy-New Caledonian Railway Station. . . 13r
CHAPTER XIX.
GEORGE, S T R E E T .
Major Andrew Fraser-The Father of Miss F e r r i a 4 r a n t of Kilgraston-William Blackwad a d hh Magazine-The Mcdher ol 6 i
Walter Scott-Sir John Hay, Banker-Colquhoun of Killermont-Mn. Mumy of Henderland-The Houw of Sir J. W. Gardon.
Sir James Hall. and Sir John Sinclair of Ulbster-St. Andrew's Church-Scene of the Disruption-Physicians' HalLGlaoce at the
History of the College of Physicians--Sold and Removed-The Commercial Bank-Its Constitution-Assemhly Rooms-Rules of
17+Banquet to Black Watch-"The Author of ' Waverley"'-The Music Hall-"he New Union Bank-Its Formation, &c.-The
Masonic Hall-Watson's Picture of B-Statues of George IV., Pith and C6almer$ . . . . . . . . . . J39
CHAPTER XX.
QUEEN STREET.
The Philosophical Institution-House of Baron &de-New Physickd Hall-Sir James Y. Simpsoo, M.D.-'l%e ITomse of Profcsor
Wilsn-Si John Leslie--Lord Rockville-Si James Grant of Gm-The Hopetoun Roo~m-Edinburgh Educational Inrticucim
forLadies. . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I51
CHAPTER XXI.
THE STREETS CROSSING GEORGE STREET, AND THOSE PARALLEL WITH IT.
Row Street-Miss Bums and Bailie Creech-Sir Egerton high-Robert Pollok-Thiitle Street-The Dispmsav-Hd Street--Coont
d'Alhy-St Andrew Street-Hugo Amot-David, Earl of Buchan-St. David Street-Dad Hume-Sii Waltcr Scott and Basil
Hall-Hanover Street-Sir J. Gnham Dalyell-Offics of Associatim for the Impmmmt of the Poor--FrsdeticL Street--Gnnt d
Corrimony-Castle Street-A Dinner with Si Walter h a - S h o e of Rubiw-Mwey Napier4h.de Street and Charlotte Street . 158 ... V CHAPTER XV. T H E CALTON H I L L . e . ?AGS Origin of the Name-Ghbet and Battery them-The Quarry ...

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[Cramond.
---
OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH.
- -- 314
has been erected by the duke near it, at the foot of
the Granton Road, and on the opposite side of the
way are the Custom-house and other edifices, the
nucleus of an expanding seaport and suburb.
The stone used in the construction of' the pier
was chiefly quamed from the duke's adjacent property,
and the engineers were Messrs. Walker and
Burgess of London. The length of the pier is
'1,700 feet, and its breadth is from 80 to 160 feet.
Four pairs of jetties, each running out go feet, were
designed to go off at intervals of 350 feet, and two
slips, each 325 feet long, to facilitate the shipping
and loading of cattle.
A strong high wall, with a succession of thoroughfares,
runs along the centre of the entire esplanade.
A light-house rises at its extreme point, and displays
a brilliant red light. All these works exhibit such
massive and beautiful masonry, and realise their
object so fully, that every patriotic beholder must
regard them in the light of a great national benefit.
The depth of the water at spring tides is twentynine
feet. By the 7th William IV., c. 15, the Duke
of Buccleuch is entitled to levy certain dues on
passengers, horses, and carriages.
Eastward of this lies a noble breakwater more
than 3,000 feet in length; westward of it lies
another, also more than 3,000 feet in length, forming
two magnificent pools-one 1,000 feet in
breadth, and the other averaging 2,500.
At the west pier, or breakwater, are the steam
cranes, and the patent slip which was constructed
in the year 1852 ; since that time a number of
vessels have been built at Granton, where the first
craft was launched in January, 1853, and a
considerable trade in the repair of ships of all
kinds, but chiefly steamers of great size, has been
carried on.
Through the efforts of the Duke of Buccleuch
and Sir John Gladstone a ferry service was established
between the new piers of Granton and
Burntisland, and they retained it until it was taken
over by the Edinburgh and Northern, afterwards
called the Edinburgh, Perth, and Dundee Railway
Company, which was eventually merged in the
North British Railway.
Westward of the west pier lie some submerged
masses, known as the General's Rocks, and near
them one named the Chestnut.
CHAPTER XXXVII.
THE ENVIRONS OF EDINBURGH.
Cmmond-Origin oh the Name-Cramond of that Ilk-Ancient Charters-Inchmickery-Lord Cramand-Barnton-Gogar and its Propfieto-
Saughton Hall-Riccarton.
WITHIN a radius of about five miles from the
Castle are portions of the parishes of Cramond,
Liberton, Newton, Lasswade, Colinton, and 'Duddingstone,
and in these portions are many places
of great historical and pictorial interest, at which
our remaining space will permit us only to glance.
Two miles and a half westward of Granton lies
Cramond, embosomed among fine wood, where the
river Almond, which chiefly belongs to Edinburghshire,
though it rises in the Muir of Shotts, falls
into the Firth of Forth, forming a small estuary
navigable by boats fo; nearly a mile.
Its name is said to be derived from cmr, a fort,
and avon, a river, and it is supposed to have been,
from a disinterred inscription, the Alaterva of the
Romans, who had a station here-the Alauna of
Ptolemy. Imperid medals, coins, altars, pavements,
have been found here in remarkable
quadtities; and a bronze strigil, among them, is
now preserved in the Museum of Antiquities. On
the eastern bank of the river there lay a Roman
mole, where doubtless galleys were moored when
the water was deeper. Inscriptions have proved
that Cramond was the quarters of the 11. and
XX. Legions, under Lolliiis LJrbicus, when forming
the Roman rampart and militaryroad in the second
century-relics of the temporary dominion of Rome
in the South Lowlands.
According to Boece and 'Sir John Skene, Constantine
IV., who reigned in 994, was slain here
in battle by Malcolm lI., in 1002, and his army
defeated, chiefly through the wind driving the sand
into the eyes of his troops.
In after years, Cramond-or one-half thereofbelonged
ecclesiastically to the Bishops of Dunkeld,
to whom Robert Avenel transferred it, and here
they occasionally resided. There was a family
named Cramond of that ilk, a son of which became
a monk in the Carmelite monastery founded
at Queensferry early in the fourteenth century by
Dundas of that ilk, and who died Patriarch of
Antioch. ... AND NEW EDINBURGH. - -- 314 has been erected by the duke near it, at the foot of the Granton ...

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360 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [North Bridge
they occupied when obtained, that we are tempted to
conclude the genteeler part of the congregations in
Edinburgh deem the essential duties of religion to
be concentrated in holding and paying rent for so
many feet square in the inside of a church."
- Lady Glenorchy, whom Kincaid describes as '' a
young lady eminent for good sense and every
accomplishment that could give dignity to her
rank, and for the superior piety which made her conspicuous
as a Christian," in 1772 feued a piece of
ground from the managers of the Orphan Hospital,
at a yearly duty of d15, on which she built her
chapel, of which (following the example of Lady
Yester in another part of the city) she retained the
patronage, and the entire management with herself,
and certain persons appointed by her.
In the following year she executed a deed,
which declared that the managers of the Orphan
Hospital should have liberty (upon asking it in
proper time) to employ a preacher occasionally in
her chapel, if it was not otherwise employed, and
to apply the collections made on these occasions
in behalf of the hospital. On the edifice being
finished, she'addressed the following letter to the
Moderator of the Presbytery of Edinburgh :-
" Edin., April zgth, 1774.
"REVEREND SIR,-It is a general complaint that the
churches of this city which belong to the Establishment are
not proportioned to the number of its inhabitants, Many
who are willing to pay for seats cannot obtain them ; and no
space is left for the poor, but the remotest areas, where few of
those who find room to stand can get within hearing of any
ordinary voice. I have thought it my duty to employ part
of that substance with which God has been pleased to
entrust me in building a chapel within the Orphan House
Park, in which a considerable number of our communion
who at present are altogether unprovided may enjoy the
benefit of the same ordinances which are dispensed in the
parish churches, and where I hope to have the pleasure of
accommodating some hundreds of poor people who have
long been shut out from one of the best and to some of them
the only means of instruction in the principles of our holy
religion.
" The chapel will soon be ready to receive a congregation,
and it is my intention to have it supplied with a minister 01
approved character and abilities, who will give sufficient
security for his soundness in the faith and loyalty to Govern
ment.
"It will give me pleasure to be informed that the Pres.
bytery approve of my design, and that it will be agreeable tc
them that I should ask occasional supply from such ministen
and probationers as I am acquainted with, till a congregatior
be formed and supplied with a stated minister.-I am, Rev,
Sir, Src '' W. GLENORCKY."
The Presbytery being fully convinced not onlj
of the piety of her intentions, but the utility o
having an additional place of worship in the city
unanimously approved of the design, and in May,
1774, her chapel was opened by the Rev. Robert
Walker of the High Church, and Dr. John Erskine of
the Greyfriars ; but a number of clergy were by no
means friendly to the erection of this chapel in any
way, on the plea that the footing on which it was
admitted into connection with the Church was not
sufficiently explicit, and eventually they brought the
matter before the Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale.
Lady Glenorchy acquainted the Presbytery, in 1775,
that she intended to place in the chapel an English
dissenting preacher named Grove. The Presbytery
wrote, that though they approved of her
piety, they could give no countenance whatever to
a minister who was not a member of the Church of
Scotland; and Mr. Grove foreseeing a contest,
declined the charge, and now ensued a curious
controversy.
Lady Glenorchy again applied to the Presbytery,
wishing as incumbent the Rev. Mr. Balfour, then
minister of Lecroft; but he, with due respect for
the Established Church and its authority, declined
to leave his pastoral charge until he was assured
that the Presbytery of the city would instal him in
the chapel. The latter approved of her selection,
but declined the installation, unless there x-as a
regular " call " from the congregation, and security
given that the offerings at the chapel were never to
be under the administration of the managers of the
charity workhouse.
With this decision she declined to comply, and
wrote, " That the chapel was her own private property,
and had never been intended to be put on the
footing of the Establishment, nor connected with it
as a chapel, of ease to the city of Edinburgh ; That
having built it at her own expense, she was entitled
to name the minister : That she wished to convince
the Presbytery of her inclination, that her minister,
though not on the Establishment, should hold communication
with its members : That, with respect
to the offerings, everybody knew that she had a p
pointed trustees for the management of them, and
that those who were not pleased with this mode of
administration might dispose of their alms elsewhere;
adding that she had once and again sent part of
these offerings to the treasurer of the charity workhouse."
A majority of the Presbytery now voted her reply
satisfactory, agreed to instal her minister, and that
he should be in communion with the Established
Church, '' Thus," says h o t , who seems antagonistic
to the founders, " did the Presbytery give every
mark of countenance, and almost every benefit
arising from the Established Church, while this institution
was not subject to their jurisdiction ; while ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [North Bridge they occupied when obtained, that we are tempted to conclude the ...

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vi1
.-
CONTENTS. -
CHAPTER XXVII.
LEITH-CONSTITUTION STREET, THE SHORE, COAL HILL, AND SHERIFF BRAE.
PAGE
Constitution Street-Pirates Executed-St. James's Episcopal Church-Town Hall-St. John's Church-Exchange Buildings-Headquarters
of the Leith Rifle V o l u n t e e d l d Signal-Tower-The Shore-Old and New Ship Taverns-The Markets-The Coal Hill-
Ancient Council House-The Peat Neuk-Shirra Brae-Tibbie Fowler of the Glen-St. Thomas's Church and Asylum-The
Gladstone Family-Great Junction Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
CHAPTER XXVIII.
NORTH LEITH.
The Chapel and Church of St. Ninian-Parish Created-Its Records-Rev. Gorge Wishart-Rev. John Knox-Rev. Dr. Johnston-The
Burial-Ground-New North Leith Church-Free Churchald Grammar Schoolxobourg Street-St. Nicholas' Church-The
Citadel-Its Remains-Houses within it-Beach and Sands of North Leith-New Custom House-Shipping Inwards and Outwards . . 25 I
1
CHAPTEK XXIX.
LEITH-THE LINKS.
Links-Gdfers t h e 4 h a d e s I.-Montrose-Sir James Foulii and others-The Gn .lit-A Duel in 1729-Two Soldiers $hot-
Hamilton's Dragoons-A Volunteer Review in rTgT-Residents of Rank-The Grammar School-Watt's Hospital-New Streets-
Seafield. Baths-First Bathing Machine in Scotland-A Duel in 1789 . . . . . . . . . . . . . * 259
CHAPTER XXX.
LEITH-THE SANDS.
The Sands of Leith-Pirates Executed there-The Kuit oflyme-Captain Potts of the Dmdrrought-A Duel in 1667-Horse-racing-
"The Bell"-kith Races in 1661--"Going Down with the Purse"-Races in 1763 and ,771, etc. . . . . . . . . 267
CHAPTER XXXI.
LEITH-THE HARBOUR.
The Admiral and Bailie Courts-The Leith Science (Navigation) School-The Harbour of Leith-The BaF-The Wooden Piers-Early Im.
provements of the Harbour-Erection of Beacons-The Custom House Quay-The Bridge-Rennie's Report on the required
Docks-The Mortons' Building-yard-The Present Piers-The Martello Tower . . . . . . . . . . . 270
CHAPTER XXXII.
MEMORABILIA OF THE SHIPPING OF LEITH AND ITS MARITIME AFF.\'RS.
Old Shipping 1st-Early Whale Fishing-kttei; of Marque against Hamburg--Captures of English Ships, 1650-1-First recorded
Tonnage of Leith-Imports-Amrt of Captain Augh Palliser-Shore Dues, 1763-Sailon' Strike, 17g~--Tonnage in 188r-Passenpr
Traffic, etc.-Letters of Marque-Exploits of some4lance a t Shipbuilding . . . - . . . . . . . . 27)
CHAPTER xxx~ I r.
L E I T H - T H E DOCKS.
New Docks proposed-Apathy of the Government-First Graving Dock, 1716Two more Docks constructed-Shellycoat's Rock-
The Contract-The Dock of rhr-The King's Bastion-The Queen's Dock-New Pierx-The Victoria I)ock-TXe Albert
Dock-The Edinburgh Dock-Its Extent-Ceremony of Opening-A Glance at the Trade of Leith . . . . . . . 282 ... - CHAPTER XXVII. LEITH-CONSTITUTION STREET, THE SHORE, COAL HILL, AND SHERIFF ...

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358 OLD -4KD NEW EDINBURGH. ELauristollr - _
.. . . .
whom were the Duke of Buccleuch, the Earl 01
Stair, and Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, of Pollock
and Keir, with an acting committee, at the head
of whom were the Lord Provost, the Principal, Sir
Alexander Grant, Bart., and Professor Sir Robert
Christison, Bart., D.C.L.
The project was started in 1874, and commenced
fairly in 1878. The architect was Mr. R. Rowand
Anderson, and the cost of the whole, when
finished, was estimated at about ,t;250,000.
The first portion erected was the southern block,
comprising the departments of anatomy, surgery,
practice of physic, physiology, pathology, midwifery,
and a portion of the chemistry. The frontage
to the Meadow Walk presents a bold and
semicircular bay, occupied by the pathology
and midwifery department. An agreeable variety,
,but general harmony of style, characterises the
buildings as a whole, and this arose from the
architect adhering strictly to sound principle, in
studying first his interior accommodation, and
then allowing it to express itself in the external
elevations.
The square block at the sjouthem end of the
Meadow Walk, near the entrance to George Square,
is chiefly for the department of physiology ; whilst
the south front is to a large extent occupied by
anatomy. . The hall for the study of practical anatomy is
lighted by windows in the roof and an inner court
facing to the north, a southern light being deemed
unnecessary or undesirable. The blank wall thus
left on the south forms an effective foil to the
pillared windows of the physiology class-room, at
one end, and to some suitable openings, similarly
treated, which serve to light hat and coat rooms,
&c., at the other.
In the eastern frontage to Park Place, where the
departments of anatomy, physic, and surgery, are
'placed, a prominent feature in the design is
produced by the exigencies of internal accommodation.
As it was deemed unnecessary in
the central part of the edifice to carry the groundfloor
so far forward as the one immediately above,
the projecting portion of the latter is supported by
massive stone trusses, or brackets, which produce a
series of deep shadows with a bold and picturesque
effect. The inner court is separated from the
chief quadrangle of the building by a noble
hall upwards of IOO feet long, for the accommodation
of the University anatomical museum. It
has two tiers of galleries, and is approached by
a handsome vestibule with roof groined in stone,
and supported by pillars of red sandstone. The
quadrangle is closed in to the west, north, and east,
by extensive rmges of apartments for the accommodation
of chemistry, materia medica, and
medical jurisprudence. The north front faces
Teviot Row, and in it is the chief entrance to the
quadrangle by a massive gateway, which forms one
of the leading architectural features of the design.
When the building devoted to educational purposes
shall have been completed, there will only remain
to be built the great college hall and campanile,
which are to complete the east face of the design.
Including the grant of &3o,ooo obtained from
Government, the whole amount at the disposal of
the building committee is about &18o,ooo.
For the erection of the hall and tower a further
sum of about &5o,ooo or ~60,000 is supposed to
be necessary.
The new Royal Infirmary, on the western side Ff
the Meadow Walk, occupies the grounds of George
\.Vatson's Hospital, and is engrafted on that edifice.
The latter was bnilt in what was then a spacious
field, lying southward of the city wall. The founder,
who was born in 1650, the year of Cromwell's ipvasion,
was descended from a family which for
some generations had been merchants in Edinburgh;
but, by the death of his father, John Watson,
and the second marriage of his mother, George
and his brother were left to the care of destiny.
A paternal aunt, Elizabeth Watson, or Davidson,
however, provided for their maintenance and education
; but George being her favourite, she bound
him as an apprentice to a merchant in the city,
and after visiting Holland to improve his knowledge
of business, she gave him a small sum wherewith
to start on his own account. He returned to
Scotland, in the year 1676, when he entered the
service of Sir James Dick, knight, and merchant of
Edinburgh, as his clerk or book-keeper, who some
time after allowed him to transact, in a mercantile
way, certain affairs in the course of exchange between
Edinburgh and London on his own. behalf.
In 1695 he became accountant to the Bank of
Scotland, and died in April, 1723, and by his will
bequeathed ;~;IZ,OOO to endow a hospital for the
maintenance and instruction of the male children
and grandchildren of decayed merchants in Edinburgh
; and by the statutes of trustees, a preference
was given to the sons and grandsons of members of
the Edinburgh Merchant Company. The money
left by the prudent management of the governors
was improved to about &20,000 sterling befort
they began the erection of the hospital in 1738,
in a field of seven acres belonging to Heriot's
Trust.
George Watson, in gratitude for the benefits conferred
upon him in his friendless boyhood by his ... OLD -4KD NEW EDINBURGH. ELauristollr - _ .. . . . whom were the Duke of Buccleuch, the Earl 01 Stair, and ...

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16171,782 283, 335, 343 343
III, 140; dew of, II. 169
vanous buildings in, 11. 172; it!
early residents, 11. 166
St. Andrew Street 11. I 160, 161
St. Andrew's Stree;, LeitcIII. 226
m71228 234
St. Ann, the tailors' patron saint, I.
23
St. Rnne-s altar Holyrood 11. 58
in St. Giles'sbhurch I1.'266
St. Anne's altar, St.' Cuthbert'r
Church, 111. 94
St. Anne's Yard, 11. 76,79,3~3,3q
St. Anthony's Chapel Arthur s Seat,
I. 3 6 ; ruinsof, li. *3m *321
St. Anthony's Fire, or &ipelas,
111. 215 216
St. Anthoiy's Hermitage, I. m, 11.
303, 19, 111. 216
St. Ant%ony's Port, Leith, 111.151
SI. Anthonys preceptory, Leith,
its seal,
St. Anthonir Street, Leith, 111.
St. Anthony's Well, 11. 312, 319,
St. Anthony's Wynd,Ldth,III.z~s
St. Augustine Chapel of 11.53
St. Augustine4 Church i. zgz.zg4
St. Bennet's, Greenhill,' 111. 54
SL Bernard's Chapel, 111.75
St. Bernard's Church, 111. 75
St. Bernard's Crescent, 111. 71. p,
St. Bernard's parish, 11. 92, 135,
St. Bernard's Row, 111. 94, 97
St. Bernard's Well, III.74,75. *76,
178, 17% 2yi, ~2
111. 131, 175, 176, 215
111. '216 217 298
"178 V a
322
73, 79,81
111.77
78
58,251. !II. 49
0s LI. #5
St. Catharine's altar, Holymod, 11.
St. Cathenne of Sienna, Convenl
St. Cecilii hall, I. 151, *a5z, II.
St. Christopher's altar, St. Giles's
St. Clair Lord 1. 16g
St. Clai;of St.'Clair, General, 111.
175
Church, 11. 264, 111. a
n z
St. Clair of Roslin William, 11.
354 (sec sinclair dar~ William)
St. colme Street '11. 105
St. Columba's Ekcooal Church. I. . *
9 5 .
Church, 11. 6 3 , 264
St. Crispin's altar, St. Giles's
St. Cuthbert, Bishop of Durham,
11. 13r
295
St. Cuthben's chapel of ease, 11.
St. Cuthben's Church. Pkatc I. I.
incumbents, 11. 131;. the old
manse, 11. 132 ;demolition of the
old church, 11. 134, 136 ; erection
of the new building, 11. 134 ; the
old and new churches, 11. 131
'133, * 136, * 137 ; burials unde:
thesteeple 11. 135; theoldpoorhouse,
11.'135, 111. 83
St. Cuthbert's Free Church, 11.225
St. Cuthbert's Lane, 11. 335
St. David Street, 11. 16r, '65
St. David's Church, 11. ar6
St. Eligius, patron of the hammermen,
11.962
St. Eloi, 11. 263: carved groin
stone from Chapel of, St. Giles's
Church, I. * 147, 11. 262
St. Eloi's eo-. 11. 262
St. George's 'Church: Charlotte
St. Georie's Episco$l chapel, 11.
Square 11. 115, 126 173, 175
'90
St. Geor e's Free Church, 11. 138,
St. George's Well 111. 75
St. Giles, the pation saint of Edinburgh,
I. 138, 141, 254: seal of,
I. * 140 ; procgsiou of the saint's
relics I. 140
St. GilehChurch, 1. *I, 42,47, so,
51, 52.55, ~ 6 7 8 ~ 9 4 , IV. xm, Iax,
123, 138-147, 152, 18% 186, rga,
11. 15, 957 234, 3167 37% 111. 31,
z10,115. 75
GENERAL INDEX.
51, 173, 184; its early history
I. 138 139; the Norman door
way, i. 139, 141' the Preston
relic, I. 140; Sir DAvid Lindesaj
on the rocessionists, I. 141,
chapel ofsobert Duke of Albany:
I. 142; funeral of the Regent
Murray, I. 143; the "gude
Regent's aisle," rb. ; the Assem.
blyaisle, I. 144; disputes between
am- VI. and the Church party, I. 144,146'departureofJamesVI.
I. 146 ; Haddo's hole, ib. ; thi
Napier tomb, id. ; the spire and
lantern, I. '144, 146; theclock
and bells, I. 146 ; the Krames, I.
147 ; restorations of 1878 ib. ;
the or an, ib. ; plan of St. kiles's
Churcf I. *1452 the High
Church' 1. *I 8 149; removal
of hone;: from f f. 384
3t. Giles's Chdchyard, I. 148, 149,
157 11. 379
31. Ghes's Grange, 111. 47, 49, 52,
54 ;, its vicar, 111. 49
3t. Giles's Kirkyard, 11. 239
3t. GilesStreethow PrincaStreet).
I. 286 11. 11;
3t. Gd&s Street, Leith, 111. 223,
226 234
3t. Jimes's chapel, Newhaven, 111.
216, 295, 298, p; remains of,
3t. James'schapel,Leith, III.*240,
111. 297
243
3t. ams'sOpw=opalchapel 11.184
jt.jame~'sEp~opalChurcd,Leith,
111. *241, 243
3t. James's Square, I. 366. 11. 176, . _ _ . .~
19.
3t, lohn the Baotist's Chaoel. 111. . . si, 53
St. John's altar, St. Giles's Church,
II.26?,65
3t.John sCatholicChapel, Brighton
St. Johks chapel, Burghmuir, 111.
Place 111. 147
126, 134, d, 338, 383
3t. John's Established Church, I.
291
Leith 111. *n44
jt. John's Established Church,
jt. Johr;'s Free Church I. z 5, 314
Zt. John's Free Church,'Leiti, 111.
j t T p Hill I. 82
It. ohn's Stdet, 1. 325, 11. 2, 9,
jt. Katherine of Scienna, Convent
2, 53, 329 ; ruins of,
jt. Kathanne's altar, Kmk-of-Field,
jt. Katharine's altar, St. Margaret's
It. Katherine's chapel, Currie, 111.
jt. Katherine's estate, 111. 330
it. Katharine's Place, 111. 54
it. Katharine's Thorn, 11. 363,
it. Katherine's Well, Liberton, 111.
25, 26 27, 31, 111. 63
of 111. 51
IiI. *S4 ; 12 history, ib. ; seal of,
111. *55.
111. I
chapel, Libaton, 111. 53
332
111.54
328, 3291 330
chapel of I 383, 384
it. Leonard, Suburb of, I. 382;
it. Leonard's 'craigs, I. 75, III. 27,
142
it. Leonard's Hill, I. 55, 384, 11.
34 ; combat near, I. 383
it. Leonard's, Leith, 111. 227
it. Leonard's Kirkyard, 11.379
it. Leonards Loan, I. 383
it. Leonard's Well, 111. 89
it. Leonard's Wynd, 11. 54
it. Luke's Free Church, II.r53,.r55
it. Magdalene's Chapel, I. 240
it. Margaret, I. 16, 18, I
it. Margaxet's Chapel, adinburgh
Castle, I. 19, *zo, 76; chancel
arch of I. *24
it. Margset'sconvent, III.45,'48
it. Margaret's Loch, 11. 319
it. Margaret's Tower, Edinburgh
it. Margaret's Well, Edinburgh
Cade. I. 36, 48, 78
Castle, I. 49
St. Margaret's Well, Restalrig, 11.
St. LIC~ chapel &nLtarian), II.
11, 313, 111. I2 131
214
St. Mark's Episcopal chapel, Port*
bello 111. 147 *153
St. M L j Magdhene chapel, New
Hailes 111. 149, 366
St. M& Magdalene's Chapel, 11.
258, 261, 26a *a64' mterior 11.
264 : tabled on the walls,' 11.
262 *268
St. MkMagdalene's Hospital, 11.
26r, 262
St. Mary's Cathedral 11. 116, 211;
exterior and interior, 11. *ZIZ,
'213
St. Mary'sChapel, Niddry's Wynd,
St. M&s Ckpel, broughton
Street, I. z6z
St. Mary's Church, South Leith,
111. 130, 135, 182, 196, *217,218,
* z ~ o 222 244 ; its early hatory,
I. 247 251, 298 11. 26
III.;I8 :19
St. Mary'; Convent I. 107,382
St. Mary's Free Ch$ch 11. 184
St. Mary's Hos ita1 I. :97
St. Mary's-in-t\e-$ield 11. '34
251, 252, III. 1 7 ; its history:
111. I, a
St. Mary's parish church, 11. 191 ;
school-house, 111. 87
St. Mary's Port, 1. 382
St. Mary's Roman Catholic chapel,
St. Maryi Street' I. p 11. 238
St. Mary'sWynd,' 1.38, A, 217,219,
274. 275 * 29.298,2 I 335,375
382, 11. ;3, 249.~84~1%. 6 ; door!
head in 1. *3m
St Matth:w'sWell, Roslio,III. 3 I
St. Michael's Church, Inveres?c,
St. Nicholas Church North Leith,
111. 168, 176, 187 :its demolition
by Monk, 111. 187 255
St. Nicholas Wyud, fII. 256
St. Ninian's altar, St. Giles's
Church, 111. 119
St. Ninian's Chapel, I. 364, 111.72
St. Ninian's Church, North Leith,
11. 47, 111. 167 *I# 251 aga;
pe,tv tyrann in, iii. 25;; its
ministers IIE 254, 2 5 5 ; now a
g r a n a r y , ' ~ ~ ~ . 254,255
St. Niuian's Churchyard 111. *256
Sc. Ninian's Free Churih, North
Leith, 111.255
Si. Ninian's Row, I. 366,II. 103,176
St. Patrick Square, 11. 339
St. Patrick Street, I. 366, 11. 346
St. Patricks Romao Catholic
Church, 1. 278, 11. 249
St.Paul's Chapel,CarmbWsClo,
I. 239 *a40
St. Pads Episcopal Chapel, I. 278
St. Paul's Episcopal Church, York
Place, 11.60,188,198,248
St. Paul's Wark, 11. 101
St. Peter'sChurch,RoxburghPlace,
11. '79' school 11. 326
111.149
11. 338
St. Peter's Close 11. 255
St. Peter'sEpiscdpal Church,II1.51
St. Peter's Pend, 11. 255
St. Roque, 111.47 ; legends of, 111.
46,47
St. Roque's Chapel, Rurghmuir,
111.47, ?g : ruins of, Ill. *48
St. Roque s Day 111. 47
St. Roque's KirI&rd, 11. 379
St. Salvator's altar, St. Giles's
St. Staphhs Church, 111. * 81,83,
St. Thomas's Epkopal Chapel, 11.
Church 111. 35
85
. . - .
St?homas's Church, Leith, 111.
St. Tkdudna, 111. r p ; Church of,
St. Vincen't strhet, III. 83
Stafford Street, 11. 211
Stage, The, in Edinburgh, I.
247 248 '253
III.rz8 130 '3'
352
Stagesoaches, Establiihment of,
11.15, 16,235,236; the Glasgow,
11.121
Stained-glass window P a r l i i e n t
House 1. 159 Plati6
stainh0u;e. La;d of, I. 1:9*
389
Stair, Earlof, I. p, 94,37 , 11. 38,
95, 167, 327, 348, 358, h. 3%
367
E.W~ Stair, I. 103,
Stair, Eliiheth Countess of 1. xrn
-106 17r, 111. 41 ; the "Iavic
mirrd "1.103; hermarriagewrth
Stamp duty, In0uence of the, on
newspapers, I. 284,285
Stamp Office, I. 234,267
Stamp Office Close, I. *ng, 231,
232 ; execution there, 1.2%
Standard Life Assurance Company,
11. '3
Stantied tragedy The I. 281
ztanley, Star and the Garter" acto:, 1. tavern ;30 I. 187
Steam communication iivd~eith to
Stedman Dr. John 11.301
Steele, sir Richard,,l: 106
Steil Pate, the musicin, I. 251
Stenkor Stenhouse, 111.339
Steveu Rev. Dr,, the historm of
the high School, 11.11 287, a88,
289, 291:296,35Sr 3&?11- 135
Stevenlaws Close 11.242
Stevenson, Dr. Ahibald, 11. 144
147
Stevenson, Duncan, and the Beacm
newspaper, I. 181, 182 11.241
Stevenson Dr. John I d 18 19~27
Stewart &hibald 'Lord Phvost,
I. 318, 322, 32;) 11. 280, 283;
house of I. 318 * 325
Stewart ojAllanbLk, Sir John, 11.
26
Stewart Sir Alexander, I. 195
Stewart' of Colmess, Sir J ~ C S ,
Provost, 11. 281,111. 340
Stewart, Sir ames, I. 1r7
stewart of &trees Sir Jmi-
I. 229, 111. 34-3;~ ; his h o d
in Advocate's Close, I. *223, Ill.
30' Sir Thomas ib.
Stewah Sir Lewis '111. 364
Stewariof Monk&, Sir Williim,
Murder of I. 196,258, 259, 74
Stewart of 'Grantully, Sir john,
Stewart of Grantully, Sir George,
11. 350; his marriage, 111.90
Stewart, Dugald, I. 106, 156, 11.
17, 39, 120, 168, 195, m~r 2 3,
111.20,55; gray of II. 29 ; his
father, 111.20 ; h e cife, 11. 206 :
her brother, 11. 207; Dugalds
monument 11. III
Stewart Jades 111.79
Stewart'of Gariies, Alexander, 11.
225
Stewart Belshes of Invermay, Sir
John, 11. 383.
Stewart, Daniel, 111. 67; hospital
of, id.; ne* from Drumsheugh
London, 111. 2x1
11. 97 117, 128,13 , 151,175, ZIO
Steel, si; John,scuiptor, I. 159,372.
11. 351
grounds, 111. *68
road, 'I. 3%
3 d
111.221
Stewart Robert, Abbot of Holy-
Stewart of Castle Stewart 11. 157
Stewart ofGarth, Genera;, 11. 150,
Stewart of Strathdon, Sir Robert,
Stewart Colonel ohn, 11. 350
stewart' hptain Eeorge, 11.257
Stewart: Lieut.Colone1 Matthew,
Stewart, Captain James, I. 195, I@
Stewart of W t r e e s , I. 6a
Stewart, Execution of Alexander,
Stewart Lady Margaret 111. n I
Stewart'of lsle Mn., 11.' 162
Stewart, Nichblson, the actor, I.
Stewartfield manor-how, 111. 88,
Stewart s Hospital, 11. 63, 111.67
Stewarth oysteehouse, i. I m
Stirling, Enrls "f T I ? E
Stirliig
stirling gi ~ e w a I. 44 42 11.223
stirliig: sir w&, Lord Rovost,
Stirling of Kek, Sir William, 11.
158 ; h e daughter, 111.35
Stirling, General Graham, I I. 153
Stirling, Mrs., actRsq I. 35f
11. d
a youth, 11. 231
343
91, * 93
11. ~ $ 2 283, 391
I. 374 ... 283, 335, 343 343 III, 140; dew of, II. 169 vanous buildings in, 11. 172; it! early residents, 11. ...

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vi OLD APU'D NEW EDINBURGH.
CHAPTER XXII.
ST. ANDREW SQUARE.
PAGE
St. Andrew Sq-Lst .of Early R e s i d e n u t Bomwlaski-Miss Gordon of CLuny-SconiSh W d m ' Fund-Dr. A. K. Johnstoo
--Scottish Provident Institution-House in which Lord Bmugham was Bom-Scottish Equitable Society-Charteris of Amisfield-
Douglas's Hotel-Sk Philip Ainslie-British Linen Company-National Bank--Royal Baulc-The Melville and Hopetoun Monuments
-Ambm's Tavern. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I66
CHAPTER XXIII.
CHARLOTTE S Q U A R E ,
Charlotle Sq-Its Early OccuPantgSu John Sinclair, B a r t - b o n d of that Ilk-Si Wdliam Fettes-Lard chief Commissioner Adam
-Alexander Dimto-St. George'r Church-The Rev. Andrew Thomson-Prince ConSmt's Memorial-The Parallelogram of the first
New Town. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -172
CHAPTER XXIV.
ELDER STREET-LEITH STREET-BROUGHTON STREET.
Elder Street--Leith Street-The old "Black BuU"-Margarot-The Theatre Royal-Its Predecessors on the same Site-The Circus-
C o d s Rooms-The Pantheon-Caledonian Thoaue--Adelphi Theatre-Queen's Theatre and Open House-Burned and Rebuilt-
~ t . wary's chapel-~ishop Cameron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
CHAPTER XXV.
THE VILLAGE AND BARONY OF BROUGHTON.
Bmghton-The Village and Barmy-The Loan-Bmughton first mentioned-Feudal Superio+Wttches Burned-Leslie's Headquarters
-Gordon of Ellon's Children Murdered-Taken Red Hand-The Tolbooth of the Burgh-The Minute Books-Free Burgews-
Modern Ch& Meted in the Bounds of the Barony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .r80
CHAPTER XXVI.
THE NORTHERN NEW TOWN.
Picardy PI-Lords Eldm and CDig-Su David Milm--Joho AbcrcmmbitLord Newton--cOmmissioner Osborne-St. PauPs Church
-St. George's Chapel-Wib Douglas, Artist-Professor Playfair-Gcned Scott of BellencDrummond Place-C K. Sharpe of
Hoddam-Lard Robertson-Abercmmbie Place and Heriot Row-Miss Femer-House in which H. McKenzie died-Rev. A. Aliin
-Great King Street-Sir R Chrii-Sir WillLm Hamilton-Si William Allan--Lord Colonsay, Lc. . . . . . . . 185
CHAPTER XXVII.
THE NORTHERN NEW TOWN (codu&d).
AdrnLal Fairfax-Bishop Terrot-Brigadier Hope-Sir T. M. Brisbam-Lord Meadowbank-Ewbank the R.S.A-Death of Professor
Wilson-Moray Place and its Distria-Lord President Hope-The Last Abode of Jeffrey-Bamn Hume and Lord Moncrieff-
Fom Street-Thomas Chalmers, D.D.-St. Colme Street-Cap& Basil Hall--Ainslie Place-Dugald Stewart-Dean Ramsay-
Great Stuart Slreet--Pmfessor Aytwn--Mk Graharn of DuntrooPLord Jerviswoodc . . . . . . . . . . I98
CHAPTER XXVIII.
THE WESTERN NEW TOWN-HAYMARKET-DALRY-FOUNTAINBRIDGE.
Maithd Street and Shandwick Place-The Albert Institute--Last Residence of Sir Wa'ta Smtt in Edinburgh-Lieutenant-General
DundatMelville Street-PatricL F. Tytler--Manor Piace-St. M q ' s Cathedral-The Foundation Ud-Its Si and Aspxt-
Opened for Srrsice--The Copstone and Cross placed on the Spire-Haymarket Station-Wmta Garden-Donaldson's Hospital-
Castle Te-Its Churches-Castle Barns-The U. P. Theological Hall-Union Canal-Fkt Boat Launched-Dalry-The Chieslies
-The Caledoniau Dstillery-Foun&bridg=-Earl Grey Street-Professor G:J. Bell-The Slaughter-ho-Baii Whyt of Bainfield
-Nd British India Rubber Works-Scottish Vulcanite CompanpAdam Ritchie . . . . . . . . . . . . Z q ... OLD APU'D NEW EDINBURGH. CHAPTER XXII. ST. ANDREW SQUARE. PAGE St. Andrew Sq-Lst .of Early R e s i d e n u t ...

Vol. 4  p. 388 (Rel. 0.17)

tunate creature were chained in '{the good old may be imagined.
times " romancists write so glibly of. The origin
of all these vaults is lost in antiquity.
There prisoners have made many desperate, but
in the end always futile, attempts to escape-particularly
in 1761 and in 1811. On the former
occasion one was dashed to pieces ; on the latter,
a captain and forty-nine men got out of the fortress
in the night, by cutting a hole in the bottom of
the parapet, below the place commonly called the
Devil's Elbow, and letting themselves down by a
Tope, and more would have got out had not the
nearest sentinel fired his musket. One fell and
was killed zoo feet below. The rest were all
re-captured on the Glasgow Road.
In the Grand Parade an octagon tower of considerable
height gives access to the strongly vaulted
crown room, in whicb the Scottish regalia are
shown, and wherein they were so long hidden
from the nation, that they were generally believed
to have been secretly removed to England and
destroyed; and the mysterious room, which was
never opened, became a source of wonder to the
soldiers, and of superstition to many a Highland
sentinel when pacingon his lonely post at night.
On the 5th of November, 1794, in prosecuting
a search for some lost Parliamentary records,
the crown-room was opened by the Lieutenant-
Governor and other commissioners. It was dark,
being then w.indowless, and filled with foul air. In
the grated chimney lay the ashes of the last fire
and a cannon ball, which still lies where it had
fallen in some past siege ; the dust of eighty-seven
years lay on the paved floor, and the place looked
grim and desolate. Major Drummond repeatedly
shook the oak chest; it returned no sound, was
supposed to be empty, and stronger in the hearts
of the Scots waxed the belief that the Government,
" It was with feelings of no common anxiety that
the commissioners, having read their warrant, proceeded
to the crown-room, and, having found a11
there in the state in which it had been left in 1794,
commanded the king's smith, who was in attendance,
to force open the great chest, the keys of which had
been sought for in vain. The general impression
that the regalia had been secretly removed weighed
heavily on the hearts of all while the labour proceeded.
The chest seemed to return a hollow and
empty sound to the strokes of the hammer; and
even those whose expectations had been most
sanguine felt at the moment the probability of bitter
disappointment, and could not but be sensible that,
should the result of the search cmfirnl those forebodings,
it would only serve to show that a national
affront-an injury had been sustained, for which it
might be ditficult, or rather impossible, to obtain
redress. The joy was therefore extreme when, the
ponderous lid of the chest having been forced open,
at the expense of some time and labour, the regalia
were discovered lying at the bottom covered with
linen cloths, exactly as they had been left in 1707,
being I 10 years before, since they had been surrendered
by William the ninth Earl Marischal to the
custody of the Earl of Glasgow, Treasurer-Deputy
of Scotland. The reliques were passed from hand
to hand, and greeted with the affectionate reverence
which emblems so venerable, restored to public
view after the slumber of more than a hundred
years, were so peculiarly calculated to excite. The
discovery was instantly communicated to the public
by the display of the royal standard, and was
greeted hy the shouts of the soldiers in garrison,
and a vast multitude assembled on the Castle hill ;
indeed the rejoicing was so general and sincere as
plainly to show that, however altered in other
in wicked policy, had destroyed its contents j but ' respects, the people of Scotland had lost norhing of
murmurs arose from time to time, as the years went that national enthusiasm which formerly had dison,
and a crown, called that of Scotland, was ac- played itself in grief for the loss of those emblematic
honours, and now was expressed in joy for their I tually shown in the Tower of London !
of Cardinal York, the Prince Regent, afterwards I Covered with glass and secured in a strong iron, ... creature were chained in '{the good old may be imagined. times " romancists write so glibly of. The ...

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H o l y d . ] MODERN IMPROVEMENTS. 79
bade them farewell in the Gallery of the Kings,
while a vast concourse assembled outside, all
wearing the white cockade. Another: multitude
was collected at Newhaven, where the Fishermen's
Society formed a kind of body-guard to cover the
embarkation.
'' A few gentlemen," says the editor of " Kay's
Portraits," " among whom were Colonel Macdonel,
the Rev. Mr. (afterwards Bishop) Gillis, John Robinson,
Esq., and Dr. Browne, accompanied His
Majesty on board the steamer, which they did not
leave till she was under weigh. The distress of the
king, and particularly of the dauphin, at being
obliged to quit a country to which they were so
warmly attached was in the highest degree affecting.
The Duc de Bordeaux wept bitterly, and the Duc
d'AngouEme, embracing Mr. Gillis d la 3ranfaise,
gave unrestrained scope to his emotion. The act
of parting with one so beloved, whom he had
known and distinguished in the salons of the
Tuileries and St. Cloud, long before his family had
sought an asylum in the tenantless halls of Holyrood,
quite overcame his fortitude, and excited
feelings too powerful to be repressed. When this
ill-fated family bade adieu to our shores they
carried with them the grateful benedictions of the
poor, and the respect of all men of all parties who
honour misfortune when ennobled by virtue."
In Edinburgh it is well known that had H.K.H.
the late Prince Consort-whose love of the picturesque
and historic led him to appreciate its
natural beauties-survived a few years longer, many
improvements would have taken place at Holyrood
; and to him it is said those are owing which
have already been effected.
Southward of the palace, the unsightly old tenements
and enclosed gardens at St. Anne's Yard
were swept away, including a quaint-looking dairy
belonging to the Duke of Hamilton, and by
1857-8-9 the royal garden was extended south
some 500 feet from the wall of the south wing, and
a new approach was made from the Abbey Hill,
a handsome new guard-house was built, and the
carved door of the old garden replaced in the wall
between it and the fragment of the old abbey
porch ; and it was during the residence of H.R.H.
the Prince of Wales at Holyrood that the beautiful
fountain in the Palace Yard was completed, on the
model of the ancient one that stands in ruin nowy
in the quadrangle of Linlithgow, and which is
referred to by Defoe in his "Tour in Great
Britain."
The fountain rises from a basin twenty-four feet in
diameter to the height of twenty-eight feet, divided
into threestages, andby flying buttresses has theeffect
of a triple crown. From the upper of these the water
flows through twenty ornate gurgoils into three
successive basins. The basement is of a massive
character, divided by buttresses into eight spaces,
each containing a lion's head gurgoil. This is surmounted
by eight panels having rich cusping, and
between these rise pedestals and pinnacles. The
former support heraldic figures with shields. These
consist of the unicorn bearing the Scottish shield, a
lion bearing a shield charged with the arm of
James IV. and his queen, Margaret of England;
a deer supports two shields, with the arms of the
queens of James V., Magdalene of France, and
Mary of Guise ; and the griffin holds the shields of
James IV. and his queen, Margaret of Denmark.
The pinnacles are highly floriated, and ,enriched
with flowers and medallions
It is in every way a marvellous piece of stone
carving. The flying buttresses connecting the stages
are deeply cusped. On the second stage are eight
figures typical of the sixteenth century, representing
soldiers, courtiers, musicians,' and a lady-falconer,
each two feet six inches in height. On the upper
stage are four archers of the Scottish Guard, supporting
the imperial crown. It occupies the site whereon
for some years stood a statue of Queen Victoria,
which has now disappeared.
Still, as of old, since the union of the cron-ns:
for a fortnight in each year the Lord High Conimissioner
to the General Assembly of the Church
of Scotland holds semi-royal state in Holyrood,
gives banquets in its halls, and holds his ledes in
the Gallery of the Kings. ... o l y d . ] MODERN IMPROVEMENTS. 79 bade them farewell in the Gallery of the Kings, while a vast concourse ...

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392
I. 344 341, 111. 158; Foote's
attack on Whitefield I. 342
Whiteford, Sir John, I.'106,~82, 11.
35 166 111. 161
White Hart, Leg&d of the. I. 11,22
White Hart Inn, Grassmarket, The
Whit; Hbrx hot& The, I. 99, 11.
Whik Horse Inn, I. 4, 6, 299.303
White House Loan, 111.43, 46,47,
Whihorh HOW 11. U, 35
old I1 234 235 *237
21 22739
W%e iron smith, h e first, :I. 263
"White Rose of Scotland, The,
Wig Club The 111. 124
Wigan dfred 'the actor, I. 351
W i g h u k , h i d Provost, I. 94
Wigmer, John, 11. 278
Wi ton Earl of 11. 270
Wi&er&rce, William, 11. 336
Wilkes the demagogue 111. 157
Wilkie: Sir David, L ;Os, 11. 89,
Wilkieof Foulden 11. 142
w i l l i III., PrAlamation of, I.
62; unpopularity of, 11. 324;
proposed statue to, 111. 123 : announcement
of the death of, I. 201
W i l l i IV. inLeithRoads, 111.198
W i l l i de Dedervk. alderman, 11.
11. 123
po7.337~ 111. 7'
_ .
W:fi7ram the Lion King, 11. 46, 50,
Willram Foular's Close, 11. 241
Williams, the actor, 1. 348
Williamson, David, the ejected
minister 11. 133,111. 67
Williamso~, Peter, the printer, I.
122, 176, 282, 356, 11. 25, 173,
111. 250
Willow Brae The 11.314, 318
Willox, Johi, the Reformer, 11.286
Wilson, Alexander, Provost ofEdin-
339. 111. 94, 174* 327, 335, 346,
347. 361
' burgh, 1. 131, 2x8
OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH.
Wilson, Execution of Alexander, I.
129, 11. 231, 315
Wilson Charles, painter 11. 86
Wilson; Daniel, antiqdian, I. 10,
14, 21, 118, 126, 139, 142, 150,
178, 207, 213, 217, 221, 228, 230,
245, 262, 267, 268, 276,278, Nos,
317. 11. 6, 7, 9, 11, 21, 34, 58,
379, 111. 2. 32, 37, 46, 47,49, 51,
66, 72. 74. 86, 103. 113, 14 130,
131, 213, 214, 217, 221, 223, 226,
230, 232 234 a38 246 257 258
Wilson, david, th; pokcal' shamaker,
I. 230, 11. 25
Wilson; Professor George, 11. 107
Wilson, James (" Ckudero "), 11.
Wilson, Patrick, architect, Ill. 50
Wilson, Prof. John, I. 107, 339, 11.
1277 135, 140, 14Zi '42, 143, 193
223, 111. 68, 126; humother, 11. , 155, 156; anecdotes of the prcfessor,
I I. 200; his love of dogs, i6.
Wilson, Willlam Deputy-Clerk of
Session I. 46 '67 163
Wilsm, Fhhweh's;ervant inDarnley's
murder, I. 263, 111. 4, 6
Windlestrawlee farmstead, 111. 3 9
Wind Mill The 11. 346
Windmill $tree: 11. 333, 346
Windsor Street 'III. 158 159
Windy Coule, $he, 11. ;IS, 314
Wham, Colonel John, I. 62, 63,
WinLm The family of III. 338
Winter A d e n , The, 11: 214, 215
Winton, Earl of, II.34,35. 111. 57
Wishart, George, the martyr, I. w,
III.15a
Wishart George, minister of Leith
andBi;hop of Edinburgh, 11. 14,
111. 254
Wishart, Rev. William, Ill. 219,
101, 116, 135s 1% 2273 2342 2421
250, 2518 253, 2542 258, 327, 3748
250
155, 156, 194, 19s~ !w, 204 =I%
64 65
za
Wishprt of Pittarow, James, 111.
Wi:&raft, Belief in, I. 255,II. 22
111. I&. DW: Demons accused od , ,_.. ~~~ ~ 11. r~z, 223,330,111.339; witch&
burned 11. 181 Ill. 134,155,181
~odrow,' Rev. Gobert, I. 58, 60,
111, 123, 179, 196, 222, 247 287
11- 10, 17, 23, 133, 354, 111. 99:
191, 260
Women, Sumptuary laws against,
I. 198
Wood Lord 11. 174
Wood' Si Andrew, the "Scottish
Ne&n," 111. 199, 200, =I, 202,
204 206 214 267 298
Wood th;his;oriaA 111. 107 108
Wood' oseph, the &tor, 1. 3k
Wood: kr. Alexander, 11. 283,293,
303, 111.131
Woodbine Cottage, Trinity, 111.79
Woodhall 111. 2
Woodhouhe, IIf. 33
Woodhowlee, Lord, I. 156, 230,
11. I ~ , Z I O , 270, zga, 111.33
Woods theactor I. 347
Wood': Farm 11'115 117 182
Wood's Victo;! kall,'II1.'88
Wool trade, Edlnhurgh the Seat of
Wwlmet, near Dalkeith, 111. 134,
Wor ouse The 11. 325
Workhouse: Erekon of St. Cuththe,
11. 264
3 3 ~ 3 6 4 ,
bert's, 11,'135
Works at Neu
teenth century, 1 I I . z ~
World's End Close, I. 281, 282
World's End Pool, Dean village,
W
Ill A"
Wright, the acto;, I. 3i1
Wright, Thomas, 111. 47
Wrightsand masons The 11.264
Wright's-houses, Th;, II.'36, 111.
subposed denkation, 111.3; ; the
lo *32, 3+ *36, 3 9 . its
THE END.
Napiers of, 111.34; laird of, 111.
33 Wrightslands Lord I. 226 111.32~
Writer's Codt, I. :zo, 186: 229
Writers to the Signet, I. * z * ;
libraryofthe I. 123 *1z8, 1%:
186; Society'of the '1. 158 167
built on thesiteof G;orgeHbriot'G
workshop, 1. 175
Wyndham, the theatrical manager,
I. 8, 351, 11. 179, I l l . 95
W n%am, Mrs., the actress, I. 351,
111. 95
Y
Yardheads,The, Leith III.a27,z34
Y y s , Mr. and Mrs.,'I. 343, 344.
3 51
Yelverton Mrs. 111. 307
Yester, Jdmes d r d Hay of, I. 278,
11. 286
Yester, Lady, 1.278,11.286; church
of 11. 28 286 187 *n88, ago, 291,
zd9, IIL'r58 I he:sons 11. 286
York and AlbAy, Duke)of, 1. 79,
1 5 9 ~ 1 h 355, 371,1I.10~3771 111-
57
York Cardinal I. 71, 7z
York'Hotel 11: 230
York Lane '11. 188
York Plac;, 1.366 11. go, 92, 180,
182, I&, 185, 1i6, 187, 188, 190,
199, 328, 111. 158
Young, Charles tragedian, I. 348
Young Si Joh:, l!I. 4
Young: Dr., ph siclan, 91. 17, 18
Young's Land, 11. 159
Younger, the comedian, 11. 24
Yuwn, Andrew, Provost, 11. 278
z
Zoologid Gardens, The, 111.88
CASSELL & COMPANY LIMITED, BELLX SAWAGE WORKS, hNDON, kc ... 344 341, 111. 158; Foote's attack on Whitefield I. 342 Whiteford, Sir John, I.'106,~82, 11. 35 166 111. ...

Vol. 6  p. 392 (Rel. 0.12)

' GENERAL INDEX.
Tytlm of Woodhouselee, William,
Tytler, the aeronaut, 111. 135
I. 155
U
Umbrella First use of the, 11. 282
Umptmvhe's cross I. 383
Union BankofScotlind 11.150,151
Unlon Bank Leith I d . 239
Union Canal, The,'I$. 99, 2x5, 219,
Union cellar, The, I. 164, * 165
Union Club, The, 111. 122
Union of Scotland and England,
Unpopularity of the I. 163-165,
178. 11. 37, 111. 19;; its dire effects
and ultimate good results,
I. 165 ; increase in wealth in spite
of the, I. 155' e&ct of 11. 15 ;
place where i; wns siined, 11.
'32, 33 : period when Edinburgh
seemed toarouse fromitslethargy,
11.175 ; rights of the University
defined, 111. 16
Union Jack first usedin Leith, 111.
182
UnitedCorporationofLeith,I17.218
United Incorporation of St. Mary's
226, Ill. 326
Chapel, The, 11.264
United Presbyterian Church, 11.
, 138, 185, 214
United Presbyterian Church of
Scotland, Offices of the, 11.152
United Presbyterian Theological
Hall, 11. zy.
United Secewon Chapel of the
Links Leith, 111. 265
United Secession Congregation, 11.
University buildin s 11. 356
University Club #de 11. 125
University Hall: 11. ;56
University library, The, 11. 356,
Ut%r%;B%alSchools, Lauriston,
11. 357
University ofedinburgh, I. ~ 5 5 , 11.
274, 282, 298 111. 8 - 2 7 ; its origin,
111.8: the first Regent3,III.
9; James VI.'svisitation, I l l . 10;
salanes of the professors, ib.:
magisterial visitation, 111.10, 11,
15;abolitionof thebirch 111.11;
Cromwelrsgifts, ib.; and-Popery
riots,III. 11-13; the quadrangle,
111. 25 : south side of, 111% * 13 ;
professors expelled, 111. 14 ; dw
section first practised, I I I . r 4 , 1 ~ ~
quarrel with the Town Council:
111. 15 ; the museum of rarities,
ib. ; a Greek professor appointed,
111. 16; s stem of educationpursued
by h-tcipal Rollock, ib. ;
early mode of education, I11.18:
achangein17p.111. 19; theold
hours of attendance, ib. ; the silver
mace, 111.~2. projects for a new
college ib . 0;iginaldesignforthe
new bdldlAg, 111. '20; original
plan of its principal storey, 111.
* 21 ; the foundation-stone laid,
11. 17~22; completionofthenew
college, 111. 2 . its corporation
after 1858, II?.' 24 : principals,
chaiis, and first holden thereof,
111. 24, 15: average number of
students, 111 2 5 . notable bequests
111. '26. 'income ib.;
1 1 4 , ib. ; the 1;brary hail, 111.
*z8; the museums, Ill. 27; the
new building Pink z~
215, 2 3 249
University prilting-office, 1. 116
Upper Baxter's Close, I. 106
Upper Bow Port, I. 217, zrg ; relics
Upper dean Terrace, 111. 75
Upper Quarry Holes 111. 128 158
Upper West BOW, ~ . ' q i , II.
Urbani, Signor Pietro 11. 178
Urquhart, Sir George,' I. 226
Urt, Jacob de, theartist, 11. 74
of, I. I0
V
Valleyfield House 111. p
Valleyfield Street,'III. 30
Vandenhoff the tragedian I. 350
Veitch, Wiham, the Gdenanting
Veitches,Clan rivalries of the, I. 1%
Veitch's Square, 111. 75
Vennel, The, I. 38, 258, 11. 221,
122 225, 226, 239, 362, 111. 30;
vie; of ~ t a t e 21
Vennel, $he, Newhaven 111. agg
Veteran A naval II. 22;
VictorilDock, L;ith, 111.284, *285
Victoria Jetty, Leith, Ill. 284, 312
Victoria Statueof Queen 11. 83
Victoria'street, I. 291, *'293. 310,
Victoiw. swing bridge, Leith, 111.
Victoria Terrace, I. 111, 291, agz,
Viewforth Free Church, 111. 30
Vinegar Close, Leith, 111. 226;
sculptured stone in, 111. *2z6
Virgin's Square, 111. 75
Vocat, David, 11. 287, 111. 2
Voght theGerman traveller, 11.120
Volunieer Light Dragoons, Ertab
lishment of 11. 342
Volunteer review in the Queen's
Park 11. 310-32z, 354, Phi< 23
Vyse, beneral, 1 ~ 3 7 2 , 3 7 3
minister, 11. 273
319 ,II. 230
"73.&6
*293r 310
W
Wade General 11. 354
Wagekg Clud The 11. 319
Wait the paintk 11; go
Walcer of Coatei. Sir Patrick. 11.
111, 116, 111. 2.j
Walker Bishop 11. 198
Walker)of Drukheugh, M k , 11.
138
Walker, Dr 1. 235
Walker, JGes, Clerk of Session,
Walker, Patrick, 111. 156
Walker Street 11. 210, arr
Walkers of CAtes, Misses, 11. 210
Walkers The 11. 265
Wall of 'lam& 11.. Excavation of
11. 217
the I I - z ~ .
Wallice k i r h l i a m , I. 24, III. 143
Wallace of Craigie, Si Thomas,
I. IOI
378
Wallace of Elderslie, ohn, 11. 344
Wallace, Dr. Kobert,l. go, 11. 180,
Wallace, Prof. William, 11. 13
I r Wallace's Cradle," 1. *z5
Wallace's Tower, 1. 36, 4g
Wallace's cave and camp, 111. 355,
Walter Comvn. I. 21
366
Wnller de H*unkrcokbe I 24
Walter, Earl of Monteitb. i. 13
Ward, hlrs., the actress, 11. 23, 24
Wardie, 111. 84,94, ~4 307
Wardie Bum 111.
Wardie Castl; I. 4 2 1 1 . 310
Wardie Crexe'nt, IIi. 307
Wardie Muir, 111. 98, 306
Wardie Point, Ill. 286
Wardieburn House 111. 307
Wardlaw Sir John: 111. 161
Wardlaw' Sir William 11. 23
Wardlaw: Portrait of br., 11. 92
Ward's Inn, 111. 140
Warlaw Hill 111. 331
Warren, SaAuel, the author, 11.
Warrender Sir George 111. 46,47
Warrende; Sir John, Lbrd Provost,
Warrender, Sir Patrick, 111. 46
Warrender of Lochend, Bailie Lord
Warrenddr Capt. John IIJ. 46
WarrenderlHouse 111.'45 +48
Warrender Lodgi, Meaddw Place,
Warrend& Park, Old tonib in, 111.
Warrender Park Crescent, 111. 46
Warrender Park Road, 111. 46
Warrenders of Lochend, The family,
111. 45
Warriston, Lord, I. 226, 111. 9;
Bishop Burnet's account of him,
111.99; hisson,III. IOI
loo
111. 46
Provost 111. 46
11. 348 111.29
46
Warriston, Abduction of Lady, 111.
WarASton, 111. 96, 306, 321; iu
Warriston cemetery, I. 155,111.57,
WarristoA'n Close I. 223 224 11.
1x5; Messrs. Cdmbers':printkig
office, I. zq, 226; Sir Thomas
Caig's house, I. 226
Warriston Crescent, 111.95, IO~,
Warriston House, 111. *97,98,101,
98. execution of 111. 9
hitsory, 111. 98
111. 83 10,) 307
125
Gallery, 11. 89
Warriston's Land 111. gg
Water-colour coliection, National
Water Gate, The, I. 43, 59. 11. z.
114, 182, 185, 191, 202. zog, 217,
751 77, 83,86, 87,907 91,1018 102,
103, 118, 132, 164, 165, 178, 251,
of, 111. 42 63 65 67 70 * 7 z .
valley of, f11. bz& its'flocds:
Water Port, The, Leith, 111. ~ g r
Water supply of the city, 1. 82, 326
Water Reservoir, The, Leith, 111.
Waterloo Bridge, 11. r g
Waterloo Place, I. 234, 339,II. 91,
Waterloo Rooms 1. 286
Water's Close, d i t h , 111. 234; old
house in 111. 189
Watson Gptain R.N. 11.91.
Watson: George,' the phinter, 11.
88, go, 91, 151, 19; his brother
Andrew, 111. 161
Watson George 11. 358, 359 (see
Watdn's Hoaiital)
Watson-Gordon, Sir John, 11. 88, rv 9% 1277 143, 15k, 111. 4
w rother's beouest to the dnii
238, 111. 63, 64,68, 71. ' 73, 74,
252, 270, 322, 333. 360; village
111. 71
213
'04, 1073 109
versity, 111. 26
of, 111. 26
p i t a l , d
Watson, Henry George, Bequest
Watson ohn 111. 68; his hos-
Watson of Muirhouse. Marmet. I. I - ,
366
papers, 111. 215
Watson, Robert, and the Stuart
Wawn, W i l l i i S.. the artist, 11.
9' '5'
Wa&n famil The 11. 91
Watson's Col?& Sihool for Boys,
Watson's (George) Hospital, 11.
11. 359,363
:533 347,355,358, 359, *360, 111.
-J- Watson's (John) Hospital, 111. 68;
view from Drumsheugh grounds,
111. "68
Watson's Merchant Academy, 11.
359
Watt, John, Deacon ofthe Trades,
Watt Institution and SchoolofArts,
Watt, Provost, 111. 286
Watt, StatueofJames, 1.380 1 1 . ~ 5
Watt, Kobert, Trial and exkcutiou
of for treason 11 236-238
Waks Hospirai L k h 111. 265;
its founder Ili. 365, :66
Wauchope, d r John h n , 111. 338
Wauchopes of Niddrie, 'lhe, 111.
3=71 30,339
Waverfey Bridge 11. rm
6' Waverley NOV&: I. 211,339.11.
341 ; their popularity on the
stage, 1. 354 351 ; their author
unknown 11. 26. Sir W. Scott
avows deir autdorship, I. 354
Waverley Station 111. 87
Wealth oftheSco;tishChurch,I. 24z
Webb Mrs theactress 1.347
Webs&, d. Alexande; I. go
Webster, the murderer, iI. 183
Webster's Close, I. go
Websten The 11. 2%
Weddal kapdin I. 52, 54
Wedde;burn, Laid Chancellor, 11.
111.29
1- "377, 3792 380, 11. 275
11. 150
287,293
39r
Wedderbum Alexander, Lord
Wedderburn, Patnck, Lord Ches-
Wedderdurn Sir David, I. 358
Wedderbum' Sir Peter I. 172
Wedderburn' David Ii. zgr
Weigh Ho&, Edirhrgh, The, I.
Loughbordugh, I. 271
terhall I. 271
55 5, 328, 334 331. *332 ; the.
L i t 1 111. 238
Weir dobert, themurderer, 111.99.
Weir) of Kirkton, the wizard, 1.3,
31-312, 11. 14, 230 (sec Major
'I'homas Weir)
Weir's Museum, 11. 12s
Well-home Tower, I. 20, 3q36,II.
1x5; ruins of, 1. + z9,.80
Wellington Placz, Leith, 111. 178,.
186
Wellington statue, Register House.
Wellington Street, 11. 218
Wells of Wearie, 11. 322
Welsh, Rev. Dr 11.98 145, 210
Welsh Fusiliers: Scots' dislike of,.
1. 12% 130
Wemyss, Earl of, 11. 27, 157, 170,
194 354 111.365, 366 ; Countess
Wemyss of Elcho Lard 111.94
~ e m v s s . Sir lam&. I.
I. 37% 373
of, t. Id
Wemiss; Sir john 1. 194
Wemyss, L i r d of'II. 65
Wemyss, the arcdtect, 111.88
Wemyss Place 11.115
Wesley John 'at Leith 111.227
Wesleyh Me;hodistCl$pel, 11.335
West, the comedian, 1.342
West Bow, The, I. 3, 4, 37, 3:' 94,
98, 131, m-321, 11. 230, 9 3 .
2371 35)r 375, 111. 34, 19; OlCf.
houses III, 1. * 324
Wesr Bush, The, aunken rock, 111.
307
West Church, I. 334 11. 82, I o-
138, 3+6, 111. %, 73; new o{II.
* 136
West Churchyard, 11.116, 111.156,
West Coates Establihed Church,
West College Street, 11. 274
West Craigmillar Asylum for Blinb.
WCst Cumberland Street, 11. 18%
Wet End Theatre, The, 11. 214
West Highland Fencibles, Mutiny-
West Kirk Act, 'lhe, 11. 133
Wat Kirk parish The 11.346
West Leith villaie, I d . 63
West Loan 111. 51
WestLondAnStreet 11.1 I 1 1 1 . 1 6 ~
West Maitland &et 19. &J
West Meadow, 11. 36:
West Nicolson S t e t , 11. 337
West Port, The, I. 38,42,47, so, 60.. 9 76, ~ v r 1 2 2 , ~ 3 0 , 146,330,334~
1 . 134, 135, 221--230, 241,.
259, 330,111.42, g $ ~ u , 135; old!
houses in the, 11. 224
West Port Street, 11. 226
West Preston Street 111. .p
West Princes S t r d Gardens, 11-
Wes; Regkter'street, I. 114 171,.
West'Kichmond Street, I. 384, 11.
11.214
Females, 111. 51
of the 111. 194, 195
82 *IOI 128 130
372 111. 78
WZer The district 11.221
WesteiCoates, Markon of, 11.116
Western Bank, The, 11. a67
Wetern Duddingston, 11. 316;
house where Prince Charles slept,
Westem hew TO^, The, 11. q-
221 111. ,--Irz
Wedrn or Queen's Dock, 111. 283
Western Reformatory 11.~18
Western Road 111. 1:s
Westhall, Lord, I. zzz
Wet Docks Leith 111. 283
Wettm-all Leut.-ken., 5u G. A.,
Whale fishery of Leith, The early,
Wharton, Duke of, I. 117
Wharton Lane, 11. 221
Wharton Place 11. 359
Whinny Hill ;'he 11. 319
Whim The '111.
WhitAeld, &rge,and the theatre,
11. 316 *317
11. 321,'3E2
111.275 ... GENERAL INDEX. Tytlm of Woodhouselee, William, Tytler, the aeronaut, 111. 135 I. 155 U Umbrella First use of ...

Vol. 6  p. 391 (Rel. 0.1)

......

Vol. 6  p. 385 (Rel. 0.09)

......

Vol. 6  p. 373 (Rel. 0.07)


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