332 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [1745- General Preston saluted with cannon the officers of State who returned to Edinburgh on the 13th November, and hauled down his colours, which had been flying since the 16th of September. Guest then assumed the command, and was nobly rewarded, while Preston was consigned to neglect, and the humble memorial of his long service was laid in vain before the Duke of Cumberland. Thus he reaped no advantage from his loyal adherence to confined in damp vaults, and treated by the imtated soldiers with every indignity and opprobrium. To these were soon added a multitude of prisoners of all ranks, belonging to the regiments of Buckley, Berwick, and Clare, of the Irish Brigade in the French service, captured by the Mi&~ord Haven (40 guns), on board the Luis XK, off Montrose. On the 9th December, Lord John Drummond, en route to join the Prince in England, marched THE WEIGH-HOUSE (From a Drawk~ ay Storcr, #ubZished in 1820.) the House of Hanover, whose policy it was then to slight the Scots in every way. By a letter from the Lord President to the Marquis of Tweeddale (the last Scottish Secretary of State), we learn that at this crisis bank notes had ceased to be current, that all coin was locked up, “so that the man of best credit in this country cannot command a shilling;” that bills on Edinburgh or London were of no value ; and that bills drawn for the subsistence of the Earl of Loudon’s regiment had been returned protested. On the departure of the Prince the Castle was crowded with those persons who had fallen under the suspicion of Government ; among these were -Alexander Earl of Kellie, and upwards of sixty gentlemen, all of whom were heavily ironed, closely through Edinburgh, with 800 men and a train of 18-pounders. He sent a drummer to the Castle to effect an exchange of these prisoners, without avail; and sixteen who were proved to have been deserters from our army in Flanders were thrown into the Castle pit, from whence four were taken to the gallows in the Grassmarket. In the same month young Macdonald of Kinlochmoidart, aidedecamp to the Prince, was treacherously captured in the night, near Lesmahago, by the Reverend Mr. Linning, who, as the price of his blood, received the incumbency of that parish, acccrding to “ Forbes’s Memoirs ” ; and from the Castle he was taken to Carlisle, where he was hanged, drawn, and quartered. About the end of November, when the High
17451 MACDONALD OF TEINDREICH. 333 landers, after their retreat from England, were besieging Stirling, Lord Tweeddale wrote to General Guest, stating that they meant to take the capital again. On this, the Edinburghers at once held a solemn council of war, and valiantly resolved to defend the city; and once more all their plate and valuables were committed to the care of General Guest. It was take, Hawley, who had served as a major at Sheriffniuir, and always expressed contempt 'for the Highlanders, marched with fourteen battalions, besides cavalry and artillery, to Falkirk, where his army was routed as completely as that of Cope had been, and all his guns were taken, save one brought off by the 4th Regiment. CHARLES EDWARD IN HIS LATER YEARS. (From a Partrait Sy Oeim Humjhy, R.A., iake?a at Fhrme, 1776.) arranged that a store of provisions should be immediately laid in, that the cannon should be mounted on travelling carriages, that the walls and gates should be more completely fortified, that a corps of really resolute soldiers should be embodied; and again arms were issued to the Seceders, and all who required them ; but on hearing that Charles had actually made a requisition for horses to draw his battering train, their courage evaporated a second time, and all ideas of fighting were abandoned; but the arrival of General Hawley's army relieved them from immediate apprehension. Erecting an enormous gallows in the Grassmarket, whereon to hang all prisoners he might In the Castle he lodged his sole trophy, the brave Major Donald Macdonald of Teindreich, who struck the first blow in the revolt at the Spean Bridge, and who had been captured in the smoke at Falkirk. He was brought in bound with ropes,'and kept in a dungeon till he was sent in chains to Carlisle, to be butchered with many others. He was a handsome man, and bore his sufferings with great cheerfulness. " It was principle, and a thorough conviction of its being my duty to God, my injured king and oppressed country," said he, "which induced me to take up arms under the standard of his Royal Highness Charles Prince of Wales, and I solemnly declare I had no bye views in drawing my sword in '