Old and New Edinburgh

Old and New Edinburgh

Volume IV

Luriston.1 GEORGE HERIOT. 363 diameter and 22 feet high; one school-room, 52 feet long by 26 wide ; and two others of 42 feet by 24; with, on the upper floors, the nursery, bed-rooms, music, store and governesses’ rooms. The building was opened in 1819, and two years after contained 80 girls, its annual revenue being then about E3,ooo sterling. In 187 I another hospital for the girls was erected elsewhere, and the edifice described was appropriated for the use of George Watson’s College Schools, with an entrance from Archibald Place. The design of these schools is to provide boys with a liberal education, qualifying them for CMrnercial or professional life, and for the universities. Their course of study includes the classics, English, French, and German, and all the other usual branches of a most liberal education, together with chemistry, drill, gymnastics, and fencing. The number of foundationers has Seen reduced to 60, at least one fourth of whom are elected by competitive examination from boys attending this and the other schools of the Merchant Company, and boys attending these schools have the following benefits, viz. I : A presentation to one of the foundations of this, or Stewart’s Hospital, tenable for six years j 2. A bursary, on leaving the schools of 6 . 5 yearly for four years. The foundationers are boarded in a house belonging to the governors, with the exception of those who are boardedwith families in the city. When admitted, they must be of the age of nine, and not above fourteen years. On leaving each is allowed f;7 for clothes; he may rsceive for five years LIO annually; and on attaining the age of twenty-five a further sum of A50, to enable him to commence business in Edinburgh. The Chalmers Hospital, at the south side of the west end of huriston Place, is a large edifice, in a plain Italian style, and treats annually about 180 in-door, and over 2,500 out-door patients. It was erected in 1861. George Chalmers, a plumber in Edinburgh, who died on the 10th of March, 1836, bequeathed the greater part of his fortune, estimated at ~30,000, for the erection and the endowment of this ;‘Hospital for the Sick and Hurt.” The management of the charity is in the hands of the ,Dean and Faculty of Advocates, who, after allowing the fund to accumulate for some years, in conformity to the will of the founder, erected the building, which was fully opened for patients in 1864; and adjoining it is the new thoroughfare called Chalmers Street. The Lauriston Place United Presbyterian church, a large and handsome Gothic structure at the corner of Portland Place, was built in 1859 ; and near it, in Lauriston Gardens, is theCatholic convent of St. Catharine of Sienna-the same saint to whom the old convent at the Sciennes was devoted- built in 1859, by the widow of Colonel Hutchison. It is in the regular collegiate style, and the body of the foundress is interred in the grounds attached to it, where stands an ancient thorn-tree coeval with the original convent CHAPTER XLIII. GEORGE HERIOT’S HOSPITAL AND THE GREYFRIARS CHURCH. Notice of George Heriot-Dies Chiidless-His Will-The Hospital founded-I& Progrw-The Master Masons-Opened-Number of Scholars -Dr. Balcanquall-Alterations-The Edifice-The Architecture of it-Heriot’s Day and Infant Schools in the City-Lunardik Balloon Ascent-Royai Edinburgh Volunteers-The Heriot Brewery-Old Greyfriars Church-The Covenant-The CromwcllLms-The Conrunting Prhonern-The Martyrs’ Tomb-New Greyfriars-Dr. Wallace-Dr. Robertson-Dr. ErskinAld Tombs in the Chorch-Gmt by Queen Mary-Morton Interred-State of the Ground in 177g-The Graves of Buchanan and others--Bona from St Gda’s Church. AMONG the many noble charitable institutions of which Edinburgh may justly feel proud one of the most conspicuous is Heriot’s Hospital, on the north side of Lahriston-an institution which, in object and munificence. is not unlike the famous Christ’s Hospital in the English metropolis. Of the early history of George Heriot, who, as a jeweller and goldsmith was the favourite and humble friend of James VI. and who was immortalised in one way by Scott in the “Fohnes of Nigel,’.’ but scanty records remain, He is said to have been a branch of the Heriots of Trabroun, in East Lothian, and was born at Edinburgh in June, 1563, during the reign of Mary, and in due time he was brought up to the profession of a goldsmith by his father, one of the craft, and a man of some consideration in the city, for which he sat as Commissioner more thanonce in Parliament. A jeweller named George Heriot, who was frequently employed by Jarnes V., as the Treasury accounts show, was most likely the elder Heriot, to whose business he added that of a .
Volume 4 Page 363
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