Old and New Edinburgh

Old and New Edinburgh

Volume V

Volume 5 Page 23
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24 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [University. Thoma Elder : Academire Primario Gulielmo Rabertson. Architecto, Roberto Adam." The ranges of buildings around the inner court are in a plain but tasteful Grecian style, and have an elegant stone balustrade, forming a kind of paved gallery, which is interrupted only by the entrance, and by flights of steps that lead to the library, museum, the Senzte Hall, and various class-rooms. At the angles on the west side are spacious arcade piazzas, and in the centre is a fine statue of Sir David Brewster. At the Treaty of Union with England, and when the Act of Security was passed, all the Acts passed by the Scottish Parliament, defining the rights, privileges, and imniunities of this and the other universities of Scotland, were fully ratified ; but its privileges and efficiency have been since augmented by the Scottish Universities Act, passed in 1858, making provision for their better government and discipline, and for the improvement and regulation of the course of study therein. It is now a corporation consisting of a chancellor, who is elected for life by the General Council, whose sanction must be given to all internal arrangements, and through whom degrees are conferred, and the first of whom was Lord Brougham ; a vice-chancellor, who acts in absence of :he former, and who has the duty of acting as returning officer at Parliamentary elections, an3 the first of whom was Sir David Brewster; a rector, who is elected by the matriculated students, and whose term of office is three years, and among whom have been William Ewart Gladstone, Thomas Carlyle, Lord Moncneff, Sir W. Stirling-Maxwell, and others ; a representative in Parliament, elected in common with the University of St. Andrewsthe first M.P. being Dr. Lyon Playfair. After these come the university court, which has the power of reviewing all the decisions of the Senatus Academicus, the attention of professors as to their modes, of teaching, Szc, the regulation of class fees, the suspension and censure of professors, the control of the pecuniary concerns of the university, " including funds mortified for bursaries and other purposes." This court holds the patronage of the Chair of Music, and a share in that of Agriculture, and it consists of the rector, the principal, and six assessors, one of whom is elected by the Town CGuncil. By the Act of 1858 the patronage of seventeen cliairs, previously in the gift of the latter body, was transferred to seven curators, who hold office for three years. They also have the appointment of the principal, who is the resident head of the college for life. He, with the whole of the professors, constitutes the Senate, which is entrusted with the entire administration of the university-its revenues, property, library, museums, and buildings, &c.; and the business is conducted by a secretary. The chairs of the university are comprehended in the four faculties, each of which is presided over by a dean, elected from among the professors of each particular faculty, and through whom the students recommended for degrees are presented to the Senatus. The following is a list of the principals elected since 1582, all of them famoils in literature or art :- 1585. Robert Rollock. 1599. Henry Charteris. 1620. Patrick Sands. 1622. Robert Boyd. 1623. John Adamson. 1652. Williain Colville. 1653. Robert Leighton. ' 1662. William Colville. 1675. Andrew Cant. 1685. Alexander Monro. 1690. Gilbert Rule. 1703. William Carstares. 1716. William Wishart. 1730. William Hamilton. 1732. James Smith. 1736. William Wishart recunlfus. 1754. John Gowdie. 1762. Willmm Robertson. 1793. Geo. Husband Baird. 1840. John Lee. 1859. Sir David Brewster. 1868. Sir Alex. Grant, Bart. To attempt to enumerate all the brilliant alumni who in their various Faculties have shed a glory over the University of Edinburgh, would far exceed our limits ; but an idea of its progress in literature, science, and art, may be gathered from the following enumeration of the professorships, with the dates when founded, and the names of the first ho!der of the chairs. Those of Greek, Logic and Metaphysics, Moral and Natural Philosophy, were occupied by the regents in rotation from 1583, when Robert Rollock was first Regent, till 1708. 3 FmuZzy of Arts. Humanity, 1597. John Ray, Professor. Mathematics, 1674. James Gregory. Greek, 1708. William Scott. Logic and Metaphysics, 1708. Moral Philosophy, 1708. William Law. Natural Philosophy, 1708. Robert Stewart. Rhetoric, 1762. Hugh Blair. Astronomy, 1786. Robert Biair. Agriculture, 1790. Andrew Coventry. Theory of Music, 1839. John Thornson. Technology, 1855. George Wilson. (Abolished 18.59.) Sanskrit, 1862. Theodor Aufrecht. Engineering, 1868. Iileeming Jenkin. Commercial Economy, 1871. Education, 1876. Simon Lnurie. Fine Arts, 1880. Baldwin Rrown. Gmlogr~, 1871. Archibald Geikie. Colin Druniinoiid. W. B. Hodgson.
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